SQLITE_NOTICE(283): recovered 15 frames from WAL file /home/hwaci/fossil/fossil.fossil-wal

Fossil: Check-in [5cf17694]

Fossil

Check-in [5cf17694]
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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.33.0 prerelease.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256: 5cf17694d0ba44fa3f71c6e343f0d5f6ad664f556cdb4aceed901a6655c1d35c
User & Date: drh 2020-06-19 15:33:30
Context
2020-06-19
16:44
Use the schema-table naming convention appropriate for SQLite 3.33.0. check-in: 22645e1f user: drh tags: trunk
15:33
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.33.0 prerelease. check-in: 5cf17694 user: drh tags: trunk
05:30
Obsessively added a missing free() in search.c. check-in: fa6da0d2 user: stephan tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/shell.c.
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**    CREATE INDEX
**    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX
**    CREATE VIEW
**    CREATE TRIGGER
**    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
**
** This UDF is used by the .schema command to insert the schema name of
** attached databases into the middle of the sqlite_master.sql field.
*/
static void shellAddSchemaName(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  static const char *aPrefix[] = {
................................................................................
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master",
               zSql, zSep, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pStmt, 0);
................................................................................
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT pti.name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master AS sm"
                       " JOIN pragma_table_info(sm.name,%Q) AS pti"
               " WHERE sm.type='table'",
               zSql, zSep, zDb, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
................................................................................
  char **pzErr
){
  static const char *zInt = UNIQUE_TABLE_NAME;
  static const char *zDrop = "DROP TABLE " UNIQUE_TABLE_NAME;
  IdxTable *pTab = pWrite->pTab;
  const char *zTab = pTab->zName;
  const char *zSql = 
    "SELECT 'CREATE TEMP' || substr(sql, 7) FROM sqlite_master "
    "WHERE tbl_name = %Q AND type IN ('table', 'trigger') "
    "ORDER BY type;";
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zWrite = 0;

  /* Create the table and its triggers in the temp schema */
................................................................................

  /* For each table in the main db schema:
  **
  **   1) Add an entry to the p->pTable list, and
  **   2) Create the equivalent virtual table in dbv.
  */
  rc = idxPrepareStmt(p->db, &pSchema, pzErrmsg,
      "SELECT type, name, sql, 1 FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type IN ('table','view') AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%' "
      " UNION ALL "
      "SELECT type, name, sql, 2 FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type = 'trigger'"
      "  AND tbl_name IN(SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type = 'view') "
      "ORDER BY 4, 1"
  );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSchema) ){
    const char *zType = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSchema, 0);
    const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSchema, 1);
    const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSchema, 2);

................................................................................
  }
}

static int idxLargestIndex(sqlite3 *db, int *pnMax, char **pzErr){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zMax = 
    "SELECT max(i.seqno) FROM "
    "  sqlite_master AS s, "
    "  pragma_index_list(s.name) AS l, "
    "  pragma_index_info(l.name) AS i "
    "WHERE s.type = 'table'";
  sqlite3_stmt *pMax = 0;

  *pnMax = 0;
  rc = idxPrepareStmt(db, &pMax, pzErr, zMax);
................................................................................
  i64 iPrev = -100000;
  sqlite3_stmt *pAllIndex = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pIndexXInfo = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pWrite = 0;

  const char *zAllIndex =
    "SELECT s.rowid, s.name, l.name FROM "
    "  sqlite_master AS s, "
    "  pragma_index_list(s.name) AS l "
    "WHERE s.type = 'table'";
  const char *zIndexXInfo = 
    "SELECT name, coll FROM pragma_index_xinfo(?) WHERE key";
  const char *zWrite = "INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES(?, ?, ?)";

  /* If iSample==0, no sqlite_stat1 data is required. */
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<pCtx->nSlot; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->aSlot[i].z);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pCtx);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbm, "ANALYZE sqlite_master", 0, 0, 0);
  }

  sqlite3_exec(p->db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS temp."UNIQUE_TABLE_NAME,0,0,0);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
  

  /* Copy the entire schema of database [db] into [dbm]. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pSql;
    rc = idxPrintfPrepareStmt(pNew->db, &pSql, pzErrmsg, 
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%'"
        " AND sql NOT LIKE 'CREATE VIRTUAL %%'"
    );
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql) ){
      const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 0);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(pNew->dbm, zSql, 0, 0, pzErrmsg);
    }
    idxFinalize(&rc, pSql);
................................................................................
    "CREATE TEMP TABLE [_shell$self](op,cmd,ans);\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self](rowid,op,cmd)\n"
    "  VALUES(coalesce((SELECT (max(tno)+100)/10 FROM selftest),10),\n"
    "         'memo','Tests generated by --init');\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',\n"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                                 "FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 2'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query('SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                          "FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 2',224));\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT * FROM \"' ||"
    "        printf('%w',name) || '\" NOT INDEXED'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query(printf('SELECT * FROM \"%w\" NOT INDEXED',name),224))\n"
    "  FROM (\n"
    "    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master\n"
    "     WHERE type='table'\n"
    "       AND name<>'selftest'\n"
    "       AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>0\n"
    "  )\n"
    " ORDER BY name;\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  VALUES('run','PRAGMA integrity_check','ok');\n"
................................................................................
                         &azData, &nRow, &nColumn, &zMsg);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "ERROR: %s\n", zMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zMsg);
    sqlite3_free_table(azData);
    return;
  }
  if( nRow==0 || nColumn==0 ){
    sqlite3_free_table(azData);
    return;
  }
  if( nColumn>p->nWidth ){
    p->colWidth = realloc(p->colWidth, nColumn*2*sizeof(int));
    if( p->colWidth==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();
    for(i=p->nWidth; i<nColumn; i++) p->colWidth[i] = 0;
    p->nWidth = nColumn;
    p->actualWidth = &p->colWidth[nColumn];
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<nTotal; i++){
    z = azData[i];
    if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
    n = strlenChar(z);
    j = i%nColumn;
    if( n>p->actualWidth[j] ) p->actualWidth[j] = n;
  }

  switch( p->cMode ){
    case MODE_Column: {
      colSep = "  ";
      rowSep = "\n";
      if( p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
          w = p->actualWidth[i];
................................................................................
    if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
    w = p->actualWidth[j];
    if( p->colWidth[j]<0 ) w = -w;
    utf8_width_print(p->out, w, z);
    if( j==nColumn-1 ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", rowSep);
      j = -1;

    }else{
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", colSep);
    }
  }
  if( p->cMode==MODE_Table ){
    print_row_separator(p, nColumn, "+");
  }else if( p->cMode==MODE_Box ){
    print_box_row_separator(p, nColumn, BOX_12, BOX_124, BOX_14);
  }




  sqlite3_free_table(azData);
}

/*
** Run a prepared statement
*/
static void exec_prepared_stmt(
................................................................................
  zTable = azArg[0];
  zType = azArg[1];
  zSql = azArg[2];

  if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "DELETE FROM sqlite_sequence;\n");
  }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sqlite_stat?", zTable)==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
  }else if( strncmp(zTable, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( strncmp(zSql, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE", 20)==0 ){
    char *zIns;
    if( !p->writableSchema ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 1;
    }
    zIns = sqlite3_mprintf(
       "INSERT INTO sqlite_master(type,name,tbl_name,rootpage,sql)"
       "VALUES('table','%q','%q',0,'%q');",
       zTable, zTable, zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zIns);
    sqlite3_free(zIns);
    return 0;
  }else{
    printSchemaLine(p->out, zSql, ";\n");
................................................................................
  "     list                     List currently open session names",
  "     open DB NAME             Open a new session on DB",
  "     patchset FILE            Write a patchset into FILE",
  "   If ?NAME? is omitted, the first defined session is used.",
#endif
  ".sha3sum ...             Compute a SHA3 hash of database content",
  "    Options:",
  "      --schema              Also hash the sqlite_master table",
  "      --sha3-224            Use the sha3-224 algorithm",
  "      --sha3-256            Use the sha3-256 algorithm (default)",
  "      --sha3-384            Use the sha3-384 algorithm",
  "      --sha3-512            Use the sha3-512 algorithm",
  "    Any other argument is a LIKE pattern for tables to hash",
#ifndef SQLITE_NOHAVE_SYSTEM
  ".shell CMD ARGS...       Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell",
................................................................................
}


/*
** Try to transfer all rows of the schema that match zWhere.  For
** each row, invoke xForEach() on the object defined by that row.
** If an error is encountered while moving forward through the
** sqlite_master table, try again moving backwards.
*/
static void tryToCloneSchema(
  ShellState *p,
  sqlite3 *newDb,
  const char *zWhere,
  void (*xForEach)(ShellState*,sqlite3*,const char*)
){
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;
  char *zQuery = 0;
  int rc;
  const unsigned char *zName;
  const unsigned char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master"
                           " WHERE %s", zWhere);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                    sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                    zQuery);
    goto end_schema_xfer;
................................................................................
      xForEach(p, newDb, (const char*)zName);
    }
    printf("done\n");
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
    sqlite3_free(zQuery);
    zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_master"
                             " WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zWhere);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                      sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                      zQuery);
      goto end_schema_xfer;
................................................................................
        if( val==2 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16le)");
        if( val==3 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16be)");
      }
    }
    raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  }
  if( zDb==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("main.sqlite_master");
  }else if( strcmp(zDb,"temp")==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", "sqlite_temp_master");
  }else{
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\".sqlite_master", zDb);
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aQuery); i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(aQuery[i].zSql, zSchemaTab);
    int val = db_int(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", aQuery[i].zName, val);
  }
................................................................................
    "  || ' ON ' || quote(s.name) || '('"
    "  || group_concat(quote(f.[from]) ||"
    "        fkey_collate_clause("
    "          f.[table], COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name]), s.name, f.[from]), ', ')"
    "  || ');'"
    ", "
    "     f.[table] "
    "FROM sqlite_master AS s, pragma_foreign_key_list(s.name) AS f "
    "LEFT JOIN pragma_table_info AS p ON (pk-1=seq AND p.arg=f.[table]) "
    "GROUP BY s.name, f.id "
    "ORDER BY (CASE WHEN ? THEN f.[table] ELSE s.name END)"
  ;
  const char *zGlobIPK = "SEARCH TABLE * USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)";

  for(i=2; i<nArg; i++){
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || nSqlCol<nCol ){
      goto finished;
    }

    shellPreparePrintf(dbtmp, &rc, &pStmt, 
      "SELECT ("
      "  SELECT substr(data,1,1)==X'0D' FROM sqlite_dbpage WHERE pgno=rootpage"
      ") FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = %Q", zName
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      bSqlIntkey = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    shellFinalize(&rc, pStmt);

    if( bIntkey==bSqlIntkey ){
................................................................................
    pTab = 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}

/*
** This function is called to search the schema recovered from the
** sqlite_master table of the (possibly) corrupt database as part
** of a ".recover" command. Specifically, for a table with root page
** iRoot and at least nCol columns. Additionally, if bIntkey is 0, the
** table must be a WITHOUT ROWID table, or if non-zero, not one of
** those.
**
** If a table is found, a (RecoverTable*) object is returned. Or, if
** no such table is found, but bIntkey is false and iRoot is the 
................................................................................
    ") "
    "FROM pages WHERE maxlen IS NOT NULL AND i NOT IN freelist;"
    "UPDATE recovery.map AS o SET intkey = ("
    "  SELECT substr(data, 1, 1)==X'0D' FROM sqlite_dbpage WHERE pgno=o.pgno"
    ");"

    /* Extract data from page 1 and any linked pages into table
    ** recovery.schema. With the same schema as an sqlite_master table.  */
    "CREATE TABLE recovery.schema(type, name, tbl_name, rootpage, sql);"
    "INSERT INTO recovery.schema SELECT "
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=0 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=1 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=2 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=3 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=4 THEN value ELSE NULL END)"
................................................................................
        "WHERE sql NOT LIKE 'create table%'", &pStmt
    );
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql, "create virt", 11)==0 ){
        const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
        char *zPrint = shellMPrintf(&rc, 
          "INSERT INTO sqlite_master VALUES('table', %Q, %Q, 0, %Q)",
          zName, zName, zSql
        );
        raw_printf(pState->out, "%s;\n", zPrint);
        sqlite3_free(zPrint);
      }else{
        raw_printf(pState->out, "%s;\n", zSql);
      }
................................................................................
    ** which causes immediate foreign key constraints to be violated.
    ** So disable foreign-key constraint enforcement to prevent problems. */
    raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF;\n");
    raw_printf(p->out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
    p->writableSchema = 0;
    p->showHeader = 0;
    /* Set writable_schema=ON since doing so forces SQLite to initialize
    ** as much of the schema as it can even if the sqlite_master table is
    ** corrupt. */
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SAVEPOINT dump; PRAGMA writable_schema=ON", 0, 0, 0);
    p->nErr = 0;
    if( zLike==0 ) zLike = sqlite3_mprintf("true");
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE (%s) AND type=='table'"
      "  AND sql NOT NULL"
      " ORDER BY tbl_name='sqlite_sequence', rowid",
      zLike
    );
    run_schema_dump_query(p,zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE (%s) AND sql NOT NULL"
      "  AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')",
      zLike
    );
    run_table_dump_query(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zLike);
................................................................................
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"test")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_on;
        p->autoEQPtest = 1;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"trace")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_full;
        p->autoEQPtrace = 1;
        open_db(p, 0);
        sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master LIMIT 1", 0, 0, 0);
        sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA vdbe_trace=ON;", 0, 0, 0);
#endif
      }else{
        p->autoEQP = (u8)booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .eqp off|on|trace|trigger|full\n");
................................................................................
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
       "SELECT sql FROM"
       "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
       "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
       "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
       "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
       "ORDER BY rowid",
       callback, &data, &zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db,
               "SELECT rowid FROM sqlite_master"
               " WHERE name GLOB 'sqlite_stat[134]'",
               -1, &pStmt, 0);
      doStats = sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
    if( doStats==0 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/* No STAT tables available */\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
      sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT 'ANALYZE sqlite_master'",
                   callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Insert;
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat1";
      shell_exec(&data, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1", &zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat4";
      shell_exec(&data, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat4", &zErrMsg);
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "headers", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->showHeader = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      p->shellFlgs |= SHFLG_HeaderSet;
................................................................................
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==2 ){
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 0, 1);
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT rootpage, 0 FROM sqlite_master"
      " WHERE name='%q' AND type='index'"
      "UNION ALL "
      "SELECT rootpage, 1 FROM sqlite_master"
      " WHERE name='%q' AND type='table'"
      "   AND sql LIKE '%%without%%rowid%%'",
      azArg[1], azArg[1]
    );
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .schema ?--indent? ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
    }
    if( zName!=0 ){
      int isMaster = sqlite3_strlike(zName, "sqlite_master", '\\')==0;

      if( isMaster || sqlite3_strlike(zName,"sqlite_temp_master", '\\')==0 ){


        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = sqlite3_mprintf(
                      "CREATE TABLE %s (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
                      "  name text,\n"
                      "  tbl_name text,\n"
                      "  rootpage integer,\n"
                      "  sql text\n"
                      ")", isMaster ? "sqlite_master" : "sqlite_temp_master");
        new_argv[1] = 0;
        new_colv[0] = "sql";
        new_colv[1] = 0;
        callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
        sqlite3_free(new_argv[0]);
      }
    }
................................................................................
        }
        appendText(&sSelect, ",name) AS sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid,", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zScNum, 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, " AS snum, ", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zDb, '\'');
        appendText(&sSelect, " AS sname FROM ", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zDb, quoteChar(zDb));
        appendText(&sSelect, ".sqlite_master", 0);
      }
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTROSPECTION_PRAGMAS
      if( zName ){
        appendText(&sSelect,
           " UNION ALL SELECT shell_module_schema(name),"
           " 'table', name, name, name, 9e+99, 'main' FROM pragma_module_list",
................................................................................
      }else{
        zLike = z;
        bSeparate = 1;
        if( sqlite3_strlike("sqlite\\_%", zLike, '\\')==0 ) bSchema = 1;
      }
    }
    if( bSchema ){
      zSql = "SELECT lower(name) FROM sqlite_master"
             " WHERE type='table' AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>1"
             " UNION ALL SELECT 'sqlite_master'"
             " ORDER BY 1 collate nocase";
    }else{
      zSql = "SELECT lower(name) FROM sqlite_master"
             " WHERE type='table' AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>1"
             " AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
             " ORDER BY 1 collate nocase";
    }
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    initText(&sQuery);
    initText(&sSql);
................................................................................
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      const char *zTab = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
      if( zLike && sqlite3_strlike(zLike, zTab, 0)!=0 ) continue;
      if( strncmp(zTab, "sqlite_",7)!=0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT * FROM ", 0);
        appendText(&sQuery,zTab,'"');
        appendText(&sQuery," NOT INDEXED;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_master")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql FROM sqlite_master"
                           " ORDER BY name;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT name,seq FROM sqlite_sequence"
                           " ORDER BY name;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_stat1")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM sqlite_stat1"
                           " ORDER BY tbl,idx;", 0);
................................................................................
        appendText(&s, "SELECT name FROM ", 0);
      }else{
        appendText(&s, "SELECT ", 0);
        appendText(&s, zDbName, '\'');
        appendText(&s, "||'.'||name FROM ", 0);
      }
      appendText(&s, zDbName, '"');
      appendText(&s, ".sqlite_master ", 0);
      if( c=='t' ){
        appendText(&s," WHERE type IN ('table','view')"
                      "   AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
                      "   AND name LIKE ?1", 0);
      }else{
        appendText(&s," WHERE type='index'"
                      "   AND tbl_name LIKE ?1", 0);







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**    CREATE INDEX
**    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX
**    CREATE VIEW
**    CREATE TRIGGER
**    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
**
** This UDF is used by the .schema command to insert the schema name of
** attached databases into the middle of the sqlite_schema.sql field.
*/
static void shellAddSchemaName(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  int nVal,
  sqlite3_value **apVal
){
  static const char *aPrefix[] = {
................................................................................
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_schema",
               zSql, zSep, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
          sqlite3_finalize(pS2);
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pStmt, 0);
................................................................................
          char *zSql = 0;
          const char *zSep = "";
          sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pS2, 0);
          while( sqlite3_step(pS2)==SQLITE_ROW ){
            const char *zDb = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pS2, 1);
            zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
               "%z%s"
               "SELECT pti.name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_schema AS sm"
                       " JOIN pragma_table_info(sm.name,%Q) AS pti"
               " WHERE sm.type='table'",
               zSql, zSep, zDb, zDb
            );
            if( zSql==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
            zSep = " UNION ";
          }
................................................................................
  char **pzErr
){
  static const char *zInt = UNIQUE_TABLE_NAME;
  static const char *zDrop = "DROP TABLE " UNIQUE_TABLE_NAME;
  IdxTable *pTab = pWrite->pTab;
  const char *zTab = pTab->zName;
  const char *zSql = 
    "SELECT 'CREATE TEMP' || substr(sql, 7) FROM sqlite_schema "
    "WHERE tbl_name = %Q AND type IN ('table', 'trigger') "
    "ORDER BY type;";
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  char *zWrite = 0;

  /* Create the table and its triggers in the temp schema */
................................................................................

  /* For each table in the main db schema:
  **
  **   1) Add an entry to the p->pTable list, and
  **   2) Create the equivalent virtual table in dbv.
  */
  rc = idxPrepareStmt(p->db, &pSchema, pzErrmsg,
      "SELECT type, name, sql, 1 FROM sqlite_schema "
      "WHERE type IN ('table','view') AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%' "
      " UNION ALL "
      "SELECT type, name, sql, 2 FROM sqlite_schema "
      "WHERE type = 'trigger'"
      "  AND tbl_name IN(SELECT name FROM sqlite_schema WHERE type = 'view') "
      "ORDER BY 4, 1"
  );
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSchema) ){
    const char *zType = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSchema, 0);
    const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSchema, 1);
    const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSchema, 2);

................................................................................
  }
}

static int idxLargestIndex(sqlite3 *db, int *pnMax, char **pzErr){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zMax = 
    "SELECT max(i.seqno) FROM "
    "  sqlite_schema AS s, "
    "  pragma_index_list(s.name) AS l, "
    "  pragma_index_info(l.name) AS i "
    "WHERE s.type = 'table'";
  sqlite3_stmt *pMax = 0;

  *pnMax = 0;
  rc = idxPrepareStmt(db, &pMax, pzErr, zMax);
................................................................................
  i64 iPrev = -100000;
  sqlite3_stmt *pAllIndex = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pIndexXInfo = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pWrite = 0;

  const char *zAllIndex =
    "SELECT s.rowid, s.name, l.name FROM "
    "  sqlite_schema AS s, "
    "  pragma_index_list(s.name) AS l "
    "WHERE s.type = 'table'";
  const char *zIndexXInfo = 
    "SELECT name, coll FROM pragma_index_xinfo(?) WHERE key";
  const char *zWrite = "INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES(?, ?, ?)";

  /* If iSample==0, no sqlite_stat1 data is required. */
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<pCtx->nSlot; i++){
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->aSlot[i].z);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pCtx);

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbm, "ANALYZE sqlite_schema", 0, 0, 0);
  }

  sqlite3_exec(p->db, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS temp."UNIQUE_TABLE_NAME,0,0,0);
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
  

  /* Copy the entire schema of database [db] into [dbm]. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pSql;
    rc = idxPrintfPrepareStmt(pNew->db, &pSql, pzErrmsg, 
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_schema WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%'"
        " AND sql NOT LIKE 'CREATE VIRTUAL %%'"
    );
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql) ){
      const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 0);
      rc = sqlite3_exec(pNew->dbm, zSql, 0, 0, pzErrmsg);
    }
    idxFinalize(&rc, pSql);
................................................................................
    "CREATE TEMP TABLE [_shell$self](op,cmd,ans);\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self](rowid,op,cmd)\n"
    "  VALUES(coalesce((SELECT (max(tno)+100)/10 FROM selftest),10),\n"
    "         'memo','Tests generated by --init');\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',\n"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                                 "FROM sqlite_schema ORDER BY 2'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query('SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql "
                          "FROM sqlite_schema ORDER BY 2',224));\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  SELECT 'run',"
    "    'SELECT hex(sha3_query(''SELECT * FROM \"' ||"
    "        printf('%w',name) || '\" NOT INDEXED'',224))',\n"
    "    hex(sha3_query(printf('SELECT * FROM \"%w\" NOT INDEXED',name),224))\n"
    "  FROM (\n"
    "    SELECT name FROM sqlite_schema\n"
    "     WHERE type='table'\n"
    "       AND name<>'selftest'\n"
    "       AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>0\n"
    "  )\n"
    " ORDER BY name;\n"
    "INSERT INTO [_shell$self]\n"
    "  VALUES('run','PRAGMA integrity_check','ok');\n"
................................................................................
                         &azData, &nRow, &nColumn, &zMsg);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "ERROR: %s\n", zMsg);
    sqlite3_free(zMsg);
    sqlite3_free_table(azData);
    return;
  }
  if( nRow==0 || nColumn==0 ) goto columnar_end;



  if( nColumn>p->nWidth ){
    p->colWidth = realloc(p->colWidth, nColumn*2*sizeof(int));
    if( p->colWidth==0 ) shell_out_of_memory();
    for(i=p->nWidth; i<nColumn; i++) p->colWidth[i] = 0;
    p->nWidth = nColumn;
    p->actualWidth = &p->colWidth[nColumn];
  }
................................................................................
  for(i=0; i<nTotal; i++){
    z = azData[i];
    if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
    n = strlenChar(z);
    j = i%nColumn;
    if( n>p->actualWidth[j] ) p->actualWidth[j] = n;
  }
  if( seenInterrupt ) goto columnar_end;
  switch( p->cMode ){
    case MODE_Column: {
      colSep = "  ";
      rowSep = "\n";
      if( p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
          w = p->actualWidth[i];
................................................................................
    if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
    w = p->actualWidth[j];
    if( p->colWidth[j]<0 ) w = -w;
    utf8_width_print(p->out, w, z);
    if( j==nColumn-1 ){
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", rowSep);
      j = -1;
      if( seenInterrupt ) goto columnar_end;
    }else{
      utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", colSep);
    }
  }
  if( p->cMode==MODE_Table ){
    print_row_separator(p, nColumn, "+");
  }else if( p->cMode==MODE_Box ){
    print_box_row_separator(p, nColumn, BOX_12, BOX_124, BOX_14);
  }
columnar_end:
  if( seenInterrupt ){
    utf8_printf(p->out, "Interrupt\n");
  }
  sqlite3_free_table(azData);
}

/*
** Run a prepared statement
*/
static void exec_prepared_stmt(
................................................................................
  zTable = azArg[0];
  zType = azArg[1];
  zSql = azArg[2];

  if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "DELETE FROM sqlite_sequence;\n");
  }else if( sqlite3_strglob("sqlite_stat?", zTable)==0 ){
    raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_schema;\n");
  }else if( strncmp(zTable, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( strncmp(zSql, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE", 20)==0 ){
    char *zIns;
    if( !p->writableSchema ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 1;
    }
    zIns = sqlite3_mprintf(
       "INSERT INTO sqlite_schema(type,name,tbl_name,rootpage,sql)"
       "VALUES('table','%q','%q',0,'%q');",
       zTable, zTable, zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%s\n", zIns);
    sqlite3_free(zIns);
    return 0;
  }else{
    printSchemaLine(p->out, zSql, ";\n");
................................................................................
  "     list                     List currently open session names",
  "     open DB NAME             Open a new session on DB",
  "     patchset FILE            Write a patchset into FILE",
  "   If ?NAME? is omitted, the first defined session is used.",
#endif
  ".sha3sum ...             Compute a SHA3 hash of database content",
  "    Options:",
  "      --schema              Also hash the sqlite_schema table",
  "      --sha3-224            Use the sha3-224 algorithm",
  "      --sha3-256            Use the sha3-256 algorithm (default)",
  "      --sha3-384            Use the sha3-384 algorithm",
  "      --sha3-512            Use the sha3-512 algorithm",
  "    Any other argument is a LIKE pattern for tables to hash",
#ifndef SQLITE_NOHAVE_SYSTEM
  ".shell CMD ARGS...       Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell",
................................................................................
}


/*
** Try to transfer all rows of the schema that match zWhere.  For
** each row, invoke xForEach() on the object defined by that row.
** If an error is encountered while moving forward through the
** sqlite_schema table, try again moving backwards.
*/
static void tryToCloneSchema(
  ShellState *p,
  sqlite3 *newDb,
  const char *zWhere,
  void (*xForEach)(ShellState*,sqlite3*,const char*)
){
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pQuery = 0;
  char *zQuery = 0;
  int rc;
  const unsigned char *zName;
  const unsigned char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;

  zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_schema"
                           " WHERE %s", zWhere);
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
  if( rc ){
    utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                    sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                    zQuery);
    goto end_schema_xfer;
................................................................................
      xForEach(p, newDb, (const char*)zName);
    }
    printf("done\n");
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    sqlite3_finalize(pQuery);
    sqlite3_free(zQuery);
    zQuery = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT name, sql FROM sqlite_schema"
                             " WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zWhere);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zQuery, -1, &pQuery, 0);
    if( rc ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: (%d) %s on [%s]\n",
                      sqlite3_extended_errcode(p->db), sqlite3_errmsg(p->db),
                      zQuery);
      goto end_schema_xfer;
................................................................................
        if( val==2 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16le)");
        if( val==3 ) raw_printf(p->out, " (utf16be)");
      }
    }
    raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
  }
  if( zDb==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("main.sqlite_schema");
  }else if( strcmp(zDb,"temp")==0 ){
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", "sqlite_temp_schema");
  }else{
    zSchemaTab = sqlite3_mprintf("\"%w\".sqlite_schema", zDb);
  }
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aQuery); i++){
    char *zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(aQuery[i].zSql, zSchemaTab);
    int val = db_int(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%-20s %d\n", aQuery[i].zName, val);
  }
................................................................................
    "  || ' ON ' || quote(s.name) || '('"
    "  || group_concat(quote(f.[from]) ||"
    "        fkey_collate_clause("
    "          f.[table], COALESCE(f.[to], p.[name]), s.name, f.[from]), ', ')"
    "  || ');'"
    ", "
    "     f.[table] "
    "FROM sqlite_schema AS s, pragma_foreign_key_list(s.name) AS f "
    "LEFT JOIN pragma_table_info AS p ON (pk-1=seq AND p.arg=f.[table]) "
    "GROUP BY s.name, f.id "
    "ORDER BY (CASE WHEN ? THEN f.[table] ELSE s.name END)"
  ;
  const char *zGlobIPK = "SEARCH TABLE * USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?)";

  for(i=2; i<nArg; i++){
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || nSqlCol<nCol ){
      goto finished;
    }

    shellPreparePrintf(dbtmp, &rc, &pStmt, 
      "SELECT ("
      "  SELECT substr(data,1,1)==X'0D' FROM sqlite_dbpage WHERE pgno=rootpage"
      ") FROM sqlite_schema WHERE name = %Q", zName
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      bSqlIntkey = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 0);
    }
    shellFinalize(&rc, pStmt);

    if( bIntkey==bSqlIntkey ){
................................................................................
    pTab = 0;
  }
  return pTab;
}

/*
** This function is called to search the schema recovered from the
** sqlite_schema table of the (possibly) corrupt database as part
** of a ".recover" command. Specifically, for a table with root page
** iRoot and at least nCol columns. Additionally, if bIntkey is 0, the
** table must be a WITHOUT ROWID table, or if non-zero, not one of
** those.
**
** If a table is found, a (RecoverTable*) object is returned. Or, if
** no such table is found, but bIntkey is false and iRoot is the 
................................................................................
    ") "
    "FROM pages WHERE maxlen IS NOT NULL AND i NOT IN freelist;"
    "UPDATE recovery.map AS o SET intkey = ("
    "  SELECT substr(data, 1, 1)==X'0D' FROM sqlite_dbpage WHERE pgno=o.pgno"
    ");"

    /* Extract data from page 1 and any linked pages into table
    ** recovery.schema. With the same schema as an sqlite_schema table.  */
    "CREATE TABLE recovery.schema(type, name, tbl_name, rootpage, sql);"
    "INSERT INTO recovery.schema SELECT "
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=0 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=1 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=2 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=3 THEN value ELSE NULL END),"
    "  max(CASE WHEN field=4 THEN value ELSE NULL END)"
................................................................................
        "WHERE sql NOT LIKE 'create table%'", &pStmt
    );
    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql, "create virt", 11)==0 ){
        const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
        char *zPrint = shellMPrintf(&rc, 
          "INSERT INTO sqlite_schema VALUES('table', %Q, %Q, 0, %Q)",
          zName, zName, zSql
        );
        raw_printf(pState->out, "%s;\n", zPrint);
        sqlite3_free(zPrint);
      }else{
        raw_printf(pState->out, "%s;\n", zSql);
      }
................................................................................
    ** which causes immediate foreign key constraints to be violated.
    ** So disable foreign-key constraint enforcement to prevent problems. */
    raw_printf(p->out, "PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF;\n");
    raw_printf(p->out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
    p->writableSchema = 0;
    p->showHeader = 0;
    /* Set writable_schema=ON since doing so forces SQLite to initialize
    ** as much of the schema as it can even if the sqlite_schema table is
    ** corrupt. */
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SAVEPOINT dump; PRAGMA writable_schema=ON", 0, 0, 0);
    p->nErr = 0;
    if( zLike==0 ) zLike = sqlite3_mprintf("true");
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_schema "
      "WHERE (%s) AND type=='table'"
      "  AND sql NOT NULL"
      " ORDER BY tbl_name='sqlite_sequence', rowid",
      zLike
    );
    run_schema_dump_query(p,zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_schema "
      "WHERE (%s) AND sql NOT NULL"
      "  AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')",
      zLike
    );
    run_table_dump_query(p, zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    sqlite3_free(zLike);
................................................................................
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"test")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_on;
        p->autoEQPtest = 1;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"trace")==0 ){
        p->autoEQP = AUTOEQP_full;
        p->autoEQPtrace = 1;
        open_db(p, 0);
        sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT name FROM sqlite_schema LIMIT 1", 0, 0, 0);
        sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA vdbe_trace=ON;", 0, 0, 0);
#endif
      }else{
        p->autoEQP = (u8)booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .eqp off|on|trace|trigger|full\n");
................................................................................
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
       "SELECT sql FROM"
       "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
       "     FROM sqlite_schema UNION ALL"
       "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_schema) "
       "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
       "ORDER BY rowid",
       callback, &data, &zErrMsg
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db,
               "SELECT rowid FROM sqlite_schema"
               " WHERE name GLOB 'sqlite_stat[134]'",
               -1, &pStmt, 0);
      doStats = sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
    if( doStats==0 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/* No STAT tables available */\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_schema;\n");
      sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT 'ANALYZE sqlite_schema'",
                   callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Insert;
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat1";
      shell_exec(&data, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1", &zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat4";
      shell_exec(&data, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat4", &zErrMsg);
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_schema;\n");
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "headers", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      p->showHeader = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
      p->shellFlgs |= SHFLG_HeaderSet;
................................................................................
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    if( nArg==2 ){
      sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_IMPOSTER, p->db, "main", 0, 1);
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT rootpage, 0 FROM sqlite_schema"
      " WHERE name='%q' AND type='index'"
      "UNION ALL "
      "SELECT rootpage, 1 FROM sqlite_schema"
      " WHERE name='%q' AND type='table'"
      "   AND sql LIKE '%%without%%rowid%%'",
      azArg[1], azArg[1]
    );
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
................................................................................
      }else{
        raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .schema ?--indent? ?LIKE-PATTERN?\n");
        rc = 1;
        goto meta_command_exit;
      }
    }
    if( zName!=0 ){
      int isSchema = sqlite3_strlike(zName, "sqlite_master", '\\')==0
                  || sqlite3_strlike(zName, "sqlite_schema", '\\')==0
                  || sqlite3_strlike(zName,"sqlite_temp_master", '\\')==0
                  || sqlite3_strlike(zName,"sqlite_temp_schema", '\\')==0;
      if( isSchema ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = sqlite3_mprintf(
                      "CREATE TABLE %s (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
                      "  name text,\n"
                      "  tbl_name text,\n"
                      "  rootpage integer,\n"
                      "  sql text\n"
                      ")", zName);
        new_argv[1] = 0;
        new_colv[0] = "sql";
        new_colv[1] = 0;
        callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
        sqlite3_free(new_argv[0]);
      }
    }
................................................................................
        }
        appendText(&sSelect, ",name) AS sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid,", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zScNum, 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, " AS snum, ", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zDb, '\'');
        appendText(&sSelect, " AS sname FROM ", 0);
        appendText(&sSelect, zDb, quoteChar(zDb));
        appendText(&sSelect, ".sqlite_schema", 0);
      }
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTROSPECTION_PRAGMAS
      if( zName ){
        appendText(&sSelect,
           " UNION ALL SELECT shell_module_schema(name),"
           " 'table', name, name, name, 9e+99, 'main' FROM pragma_module_list",
................................................................................
      }else{
        zLike = z;
        bSeparate = 1;
        if( sqlite3_strlike("sqlite\\_%", zLike, '\\')==0 ) bSchema = 1;
      }
    }
    if( bSchema ){
      zSql = "SELECT lower(name) FROM sqlite_schema"
             " WHERE type='table' AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>1"
             " UNION ALL SELECT 'sqlite_schema'"
             " ORDER BY 1 collate nocase";
    }else{
      zSql = "SELECT lower(name) FROM sqlite_schema"
             " WHERE type='table' AND coalesce(rootpage,0)>1"
             " AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
             " ORDER BY 1 collate nocase";
    }
    sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    initText(&sQuery);
    initText(&sSql);
................................................................................
    while( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      const char *zTab = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
      if( zLike && sqlite3_strlike(zLike, zTab, 0)!=0 ) continue;
      if( strncmp(zTab, "sqlite_",7)!=0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT * FROM ", 0);
        appendText(&sQuery,zTab,'"');
        appendText(&sQuery," NOT INDEXED;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_schema")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT type,name,tbl_name,sql FROM sqlite_schema"
                           " ORDER BY name;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT name,seq FROM sqlite_sequence"
                           " ORDER BY name;", 0);
      }else if( strcmp(zTab, "sqlite_stat1")==0 ){
        appendText(&sQuery,"SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM sqlite_stat1"
                           " ORDER BY tbl,idx;", 0);
................................................................................
        appendText(&s, "SELECT name FROM ", 0);
      }else{
        appendText(&s, "SELECT ", 0);
        appendText(&s, zDbName, '\'');
        appendText(&s, "||'.'||name FROM ", 0);
      }
      appendText(&s, zDbName, '"');
      appendText(&s, ".sqlite_schema ", 0);
      if( c=='t' ){
        appendText(&s," WHERE type IN ('table','view')"
                      "   AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
                      "   AND name LIKE ?1", 0);
      }else{
        appendText(&s," WHERE type='index'"
                      "   AND tbl_name LIKE ?1", 0);

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.
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1161
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.....
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22889
22890
22891
22892
.....
23269
23270
23271
23272
23273
23274
23275
23276
23277
23278
23279
23280
23281
23282
23283
.....
23284
23285
23286
23287
23288
23289
23290
23291
23292
23293
23294
23295
23296
23297
23298
.....
23315
23316
23317
23318
23319
23320
23321
23322
23323
23324
23325
23326
23327
23328
23329
.....
23339
23340
23341
23342
23343
23344
23345
23346
23347
23348
23349
23350
23351
23352
23353
.....
24445
24446
24447
24448
24449
24450
24451
24452
24453
24454
24455
24456
24457
24458
24459
24460
24461
24462
24463
24464
24465
24466
24467
24468
.....
24590
24591
24592
24593
24594
24595
24596
24597
24598
24599
24600
24601
24602
24603
24604
24605
24606
24607
24608
24609
24610
24611
24612
24613
24614
24615
24616
24617
24618
24619
24620
24621
24622
24623
24624
24625
24626
24627
24628
24629
24630
24631
24632
24633
24634
24635
24636
24637
24638
24639
24640
24641
24642
24643
24644
24645
24646
24647
24648
24649
24650
24651
.....
24664
24665
24666
24667
24668
24669
24670
24671
24672
24673
24674
24675
24676
24677
24678
24679
24680
.....
24715
24716
24717
24718
24719
24720
24721
24722
24723
24724
24725
24726
24727
24728
24729
24730
24731
24732
24733
24734
24735
24736
24737
24738
24739
24740
24741
24742
24743
24744
24745
24746
24747
24748
24749
24750
24751
24752
24753
24754
24755
24756
24757
24758
24759
.....
24775
24776
24777
24778
24779
24780
24781
24782
24783
24784
24785
24786
24787
24788
24789
24790
24791
24792
24793
24794
24795
24796
24797
24798
24799
24800
24801
24802
24803
24804
24805
.....
24887
24888
24889
24890
24891
24892
24893
24894
24895
24896
24897
24898
24899
24900
24901
24902
24903
24904
24905
.....
24951
24952
24953
24954
24955
24956
24957
24958
24959
24960
24961
24962
24963
24964
24965
.....
24972
24973
24974
24975
24976
24977
24978
24979
24980
24981
24982
24983
24984
24985
24986
24987
24988
.....
26290
26291
26292
26293
26294
26295
26296
26297
26298
26299
26300
26301
26302
26303
26304
.....
27036
27037
27038
27039
27040
27041
27042
27043
27044
27045
27046
27047
27048
27049
27050
.....
29988
29989
29990
29991
29992
29993
29994
29995
29996

29997
29998
29999
30000
30001
30002
30003
.....
36798
36799
36800
36801
36802
36803
36804
36805
36806
36807
36808
36809
36810
36811
36812
.....
36911
36912
36913
36914
36915
36916
36917
36918
36919
36920
36921
36922
36923
36924
36925
.....
39231
39232
39233
39234
39235
39236
39237
39238
39239
39240
39241
39242
39243
39244
39245
.....
39365
39366
39367
39368
39369
39370
39371
39372
39373
39374
39375
39376
39377
39378
39379
.....
39438
39439
39440
39441
39442
39443
39444
39445
39446
39447
39448
39449
39450
39451
39452
39453
39454
39455
39456
39457
.....
39466
39467
39468
39469
39470
39471
39472
39473
39474
39475
39476
39477
39478
39479
39480
39481
39482
39483
39484
39485
39486
39487
39488
39489
39490
.....
39669
39670
39671
39672
39673
39674
39675
39676
39677
39678
39679
39680
39681
39682
39683
.....
42885
42886
42887
42888
42889
42890
42891
42892
42893
42894
42895
42896
42897
42898
42899
42900
42901
42902
42903
42904
42905
42906
42907
42908
42909
.....
42918
42919
42920
42921
42922
42923
42924
42925
42926
42927
42928
42929
42930
42931
42932
.....
46618
46619
46620
46621
46622
46623
46624
46625
46626
46627
46628
46629
46630
46631
46632
.....
46639
46640
46641
46642
46643
46644
46645
46646
46647
46648
46649
46650
46651
46652
46653
46654
46655
46656
46657
46658
46659
46660
46661
46662
46663
.....
48092
48093
48094
48095
48096
48097
48098
48099
48100
48101
48102
48103
48104
48105
48106
.....
51688
51689
51690
51691
51692
51693
51694
51695
51696
51697
51698
51699
51700
51701
51702
51703
.....
52106
52107
52108
52109
52110
52111
52112
52113
52114
52115
52116
52117
52118
52119
52120
52121
52122
52123
52124
52125
52126
52127
52128
52129
52130
52131
52132
52133
52134
52135
52136
52137
52138
52139
52140
52141
52142
.....
52260
52261
52262
52263
52264
52265
52266
52267
52268
52269
52270
52271
52272
52273
52274
.....
52538
52539
52540
52541
52542
52543
52544
52545
52546
52547
52548
52549
52550
52551
52552
.....
52892
52893
52894
52895
52896
52897
52898
52899
52900
52901
52902
52903
52904
52905
52906
52907
52908
52909
52910
52911
52912
52913
52914
52915
52916
52917
52918
52919
52920
52921
52922
52923
52924
52925
52926
52927
52928
52929
52930
52931
52932
52933
52934
52935
52936
52937
52938
52939
52940
52941
52942
52943
52944
52945
52946
52947
52948
52949
52950
52951
52952
52953
52954
52955
52956
52957
52958
52959
52960
52961
52962
52963
52964
52965
.....
53279
53280
53281
53282
53283
53284
53285
53286
53287
53288
53289
53290
53291
53292
53293
53294
53295
53296
53297
53298
53299
53300
53301
53302
53303
53304
53305
53306
53307
53308
53309
53310
53311
53312
53313
53314
53315
53316
53317
53318
53319
53320
53321
53322
53323
53324
53325
53326
53327
53328
53329
53330
53331
53332
53333
53334
53335
53336
53337
53338
53339
53340
53341
53342
53343
53344
53345
53346
53347
53348
53349
53350
53351
53352
53353
53354
53355
53356
53357
53358
53359
53360
53361
53362
.....
53509
53510
53511
53512
53513
53514
53515
53516
53517
53518
53519
53520
53521
53522
53523
.....
53625
53626
53627
53628
53629
53630
53631
53632
53633
53634
53635
53636
53637
53638
53639
.....
53677
53678
53679
53680
53681
53682
53683
53684
53685
53686
53687
53688
53689
53690
53691
.....
53750
53751
53752
53753
53754
53755
53756
53757
53758
53759
53760
53761
53762
53763
53764
.....
54058
54059
54060
54061
54062
54063
54064
54065
54066
54067
54068
54069
54070
54071
54072
54073
54074
54075
54076
54077
54078
54079
54080
54081
54082
54083
54084
54085
54086
54087
54088
54089
54090
54091
54092
54093
54094
54095
54096
54097
54098
54099
54100
54101
54102
54103
54104
54105
54106
54107
54108
54109
54110
54111
54112
54113
54114
54115
54116
54117
54118
54119
54120
54121
54122
54123
54124
54125
54126
54127
54128
54129
54130
54131
54132
54133
54134
54135
54136
54137
54138
54139
54140
54141
54142
54143
54144
54145
54146
54147
54148
54149
54150
54151
54152
54153
54154
54155
54156
54157
54158
54159
54160
54161
54162
54163
54164
54165
54166
54167
54168
54169
54170
54171
54172
54173
54174
54175
54176
54177
54178
54179
54180
54181
54182
54183
54184
54185
54186
54187
54188
54189
54190
54191
54192
54193
54194
54195
54196
54197
54198
54199
54200
54201
54202
.....
54266
54267
54268
54269
54270
54271
54272
54273
54274
54275
54276
54277
54278
54279
54280
.....
54365
54366
54367
54368
54369
54370
54371
54372
54373
54374
54375
54376
54377
54378
54379
54380
54381
54382
54383
54384
54385
54386
54387
54388
54389
54390
54391
54392
54393
54394
54395
54396
54397
54398
54399
54400
54401
54402
54403
54404
54405
54406
54407
54408
54409
.....
54522
54523
54524
54525
54526
54527
54528
54529
54530
54531
54532
54533
54534
54535
54536
54537
54538
54539
54540
54541
54542
54543
54544
54545
54546
54547
54548
54549
54550
54551
54552
54553
.....
54918
54919
54920
54921
54922
54923
54924
54925
54926
54927
54928
54929
54930
54931
54932
.....
56658
56659
56660
56661
56662
56663
56664
56665
56666
56667
56668
56669
56670
56671
56672
56673
.....
57404
57405
57406
57407
57408
57409
57410
57411
57412
57413
57414
57415
57416
57417
57418
.....
57916
57917
57918
57919
57920
57921
57922
57923
57924
57925
57926
57927
57928
57929
57930
57931
57932
.....
57956
57957
57958
57959
57960
57961
57962
57963
57964
57965
57966
57967
57968
57969
57970
57971
57972
57973
57974
57975
57976
57977
57978
57979
57980
57981
57982
57983
57984
57985
57986
57987
57988
57989
57990
57991
57992
57993
57994
57995
57996
57997
.....
58001
58002
58003
58004
58005
58006
58007
58008
58009
58010
58011
58012
58013
58014
58015
58016
.....
58041
58042
58043
58044
58045
58046
58047
58048
58049
58050
58051
58052
58053
58054
58055
.....
58079
58080
58081
58082
58083
58084
58085
58086
58087
58088
58089
58090
58091
58092
58093
.....
58100
58101
58102
58103
58104
58105
58106
58107
58108
58109
58110
58111
58112
58113
58114
58115
58116
58117
58118
58119
58120
58121
58122
58123
58124
58125
58126
58127
58128
.....
58182
58183
58184
58185
58186
58187
58188
58189
58190
58191
58192
58193
58194
58195
58196
.....
58247
58248
58249
58250
58251
58252
58253
58254
58255
58256
58257
58258
58259
58260
58261
.....
58292
58293
58294
58295
58296
58297
58298
58299
58300
58301
58302
58303
58304
58305
58306
.....
63710
63711
63712
63713
63714
63715
63716
63717
63718
63719
63720
63721
63722
63723
63724
.....
64405
64406
64407
64408
64409
64410
64411
64412
64413
64414
64415
64416
64417
64418
64419
.....
64536
64537
64538
64539
64540
64541
64542

64543
64544
64545
64546
64547
64548
64549
64550
64551
64552

64553
64554
64555
64556
64557
64558
64559
.....
64691
64692
64693
64694
64695
64696
64697
64698
64699
64700
64701
64702
64703
64704
64705
.....
65327
65328
65329
65330
65331
65332
65333
65334
65335
65336
65337
65338
65339
65340
65341
.....
66087
66088
66089
66090
66091
66092
66093
66094
66095
66096
66097
66098
66099
66100
66101
.....
66756
66757
66758
66759
66760
66761
66762
66763
66764
66765
66766
66767
66768
66769
66770
.....
66875
66876
66877
66878
66879
66880
66881
66882
66883
66884
66885
66886
66887
66888
66889
.....
66964
66965
66966
66967
66968
66969
66970
66971
66972
66973
66974
66975
66976
66977
66978
66979
66980
66981
66982
66983
66984
.....
66989
66990
66991
66992
66993
66994
66995
66996
66997
66998
66999
67000
67001
67002
67003
.....
67765
67766
67767
67768
67769
67770
67771
67772
67773
67774
67775
67776
67777
67778
67779
.....
68317
68318
68319
68320
68321
68322
68323
68324
68325
68326
68327
68328
68329
68330
68331
68332
68333
68334
68335
68336
68337
68338
68339
68340
68341
68342
.....
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351
68352
68353
68354
68355
68356
68357
68358
68359
.....
68408
68409
68410
68411
68412
68413
68414
68415
68416
68417
68418
68419
68420
68421
68422
.....
73813
73814
73815
73816
73817
73818
73819
73820
73821
73822
73823
73824
73825
73826
73827
.....
74690
74691
74692
74693
74694
74695
74696
74697
74698
74699
74700
74701
74702
74703
74704
74705
74706
74707
74708
74709
74710
.....
80174
80175
80176
80177
80178
80179
80180
80181
80182
80183
80184
80185
80186
80187
80188
80189
80190
80191
80192
80193
80194
80195
80196
80197
80198
80199
80200
80201
80202
80203
80204
80205
80206
80207
80208
80209
80210
80211
80212
80213
80214
80215
80216
80217
80218
80219
80220
80221
80222
80223
80224
.....
80248
80249
80250
80251
80252
80253
80254
80255
80256
80257
80258
80259
80260
80261
80262
.....
80282
80283
80284
80285
80286
80287
80288
80289
80290
80291
80292
80293
80294
80295
80296
80297
80298
80299
80300
80301
80302
80303
80304
80305
80306
80307
80308
80309
80310
80311
80312
80313
80314
80315
80316
80317
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322
80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328
80329
80330
80331
80332
80333
80334
80335
80336
80337
80338
80339
80340
80341
80342
80343
80344
80345
80346
80347
80348
80349
80350
80351
80352
80353
80354
80355
80356
80357
80358
80359
80360
80361
80362
80363
80364
80365
80366
80367
80368
80369
80370
80371
80372
80373
80374
80375
80376
80377
80378
80379
80380
80381
80382
80383
80384
80385
80386
80387
80388
80389
80390
80391
80392
80393
80394
80395
80396
80397
80398
80399
80400
80401
80402
80403
80404
80405
80406
80407
80408
80409
80410
80411
80412
80413
80414
.....
87210
87211
87212
87213
87214
87215
87216
87217
87218
87219
87220
87221
87222
87223
87224
.....
89084
89085
89086
89087
89088
89089
89090
89091
89092
89093
89094
89095
89096
89097
89098
89099
89100
89101
89102
89103
89104
89105
89106
89107
.....
91200
91201
91202
91203
91204
91205
91206
91207
91208
91209
91210
91211
91212
91213
91214
91215
91216
91217
91218
91219
91220
91221
91222
91223
.....
91237
91238
91239
91240
91241
91242
91243
91244
91245
91246
91247
91248
91249
91250
91251
91252
91253
91254
91255
91256
91257
91258
91259
91260
91261
91262
91263
91264
91265
91266
91267
91268
91269
91270
91271
91272
......
101491
101492
101493
101494
101495
101496
101497
101498
101499
101500
101501
101502
101503
101504
101505
101506
101507
101508
......
101546
101547
101548
101549
101550
101551
101552

101553
101554

101555
101556
101557
101558
101559
101560
101561
101562
101563
101564
101565
101566
101567
101568
......
101687
101688
101689
101690
101691
101692
101693
101694
101695
101696
101697
101698
101699
101700
101701
101702
101703
101704
101705
101706
......
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158

105159
105160
105161














105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
......
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
......
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207

105208
105209
105210
105211
105212
105213
105214
......
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
105259
105260
105261
105262
105263
......
105351
105352
105353
105354
105355
105356
105357
105358
105359
105360
105361
105362
105363
105364
105365
......
105394
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
105400
105401
105402
105403
105404
105405
105406
105407
105408
105409
105410
105411
105412
105413
105414
105415
105416
105417
105418
105419
105420
......
105615
105616
105617
105618
105619
105620
105621
105622
105623
105624
105625
105626
105627
105628
105629
105630
105631
105632
105633
105634
105635
105636
105637
105638
105639
105640
105641
105642
105643
105644
......
105748
105749
105750
105751
105752
105753
105754
105755
105756
105757
105758
105759
105760
105761
105762
105763
105764
105765
105766
105767
105768
105769
105770
105771
105772
105773
105774
105775
105776
105777
105778
105779
105780
105781
105782
......
105789
105790
105791
105792
105793
105794
105795
105796
105797
105798
105799
105800
105801
105802
105803
......
105945
105946
105947
105948
105949
105950
105951
105952
105953
105954
105955
105956
105957
105958
105959
105960
105961
105962
......
106150
106151
106152
106153
106154
106155
106156
106157
106158
106159
106160
106161
106162
106163
106164
106165
106166
106167
106168
106169
106170
106171
106172
106173
106174
106175
106176
106177
106178
106179
106180
106181
106182
106183
106184
106185
106186
......
110401
110402
110403
110404
110405
110406
110407
110408
110409
110410
110411
110412
110413
110414
110415
......
110483
110484
110485
110486
110487
110488
110489



110490
110491


110492








110493
110494
110495
110496
110497
110498
110499
110500
110501
110502
110503
110504
110505








110506
110507
110508
110509
110510
110511
110512
......
110891
110892
110893
110894
110895
110896
110897
110898
110899
110900
110901
110902
110903
110904
110905
110906
110907
110908
110909
110910
110911
......
111005
111006
111007
111008
111009
111010
111011
111012
111013
111014
111015
111016
111017
111018
111019
......
111177
111178
111179
111180
111181
111182
111183
111184
111185
111186
111187
111188
111189
111190
111191
......
111283
111284
111285
111286
111287
111288
111289
111290
111291
111292
111293
111294
111295
111296
111297
......
111319
111320
111321
111322
111323
111324
111325
111326
111327
111328
111329
111330
111331
111332
111333
......
111337
111338
111339
111340
111341
111342
111343
111344
111345
111346
111347
111348
111349
111350
111351
......
112147
112148
112149
112150
112151
112152
112153
112154
112155
112156
112157
112158
112159
112160
112161
112162
112163
......
112236
112237
112238
112239
112240
112241
112242
112243
112244
112245
112246
112247
112248
112249
112250
......
112384
112385
112386
112387
112388
112389
112390
112391
112392
112393
112394
112395
112396
112397
112398
112399
112400
112401
112402
112403
......
112420
112421
112422
112423
112424
112425
112426
112427
112428
112429
112430
112431
112432
112433
112434
112435
112436
112437
112438
112439
......
112512
112513
112514
112515
112516
112517
112518
112519
112520
112521
112522
112523
112524
112525
112526
......
112614
112615
112616
112617
112618
112619
112620
112621
112622
112623
112624
112625
112626
112627
112628
112629
112630
112631
112632
112633
112634
112635
......
112749
112750
112751
112752
112753
112754
112755
112756
112757
112758
112759
112760
112761
112762
112763
......
112964
112965
112966
112967
112968
112969
112970
112971
112972
112973
112974
112975
112976
112977
112978
112979
112980
112981
112982
112983
112984
112985
112986
112987
112988
112989
112990
112991

112992
112993
112994
112995
112996
112997
112998
112999
113000
113001
113002
113003
113004
113005
113006
113007
......
113086
113087
113088
113089
113090
113091
113092
113093
113094
113095
113096
113097
113098
113099
113100
113101
......
113111
113112
113113
113114
113115
113116
113117
113118
113119
113120
113121
113122
113123
113124
113125

113126
113127
113128
113129
113130
113131
113132
113133
113134
......
113256
113257
113258
113259
113260
113261
113262
113263
113264
113265
113266
113267
113268
113269
113270
......
113710
113711
113712
113713
113714
113715
113716
113717
113718
113719
113720
113721
113722
113723
113724
113725
113726
113727
......
113735
113736
113737
113738
113739
113740
113741
113742
113743
113744
113745
113746
113747
113748
113749
......
114079
114080
114081
114082
114083
114084
114085
114086
114087
114088
114089
114090
114091
114092
114093
114094
......
114124
114125
114126
114127
114128
114129
114130
114131
114132
114133
114134
114135
114136
114137
114138
114139
114140
114141
114142
......
114293
114294
114295
114296
114297
114298
114299
114300
114301
114302
114303
114304
114305
114306
114307
114308
114309
114310
114311
114312
114313
......
115850
115851
115852
115853
115854
115855
115856
115857
115858
115859
115860
115861
115862
115863
115864
......
122880
122881
122882
122883
122884
122885
122886
122887
122888
122889
122890
122891
122892
122893
122894
......
124644
124645
124646
124647
124648
124649
124650
124651
124652
124653
124654
124655
124656
124657
124658
......
124686
124687
124688
124689
124690
124691
124692
124693
124694
124695
124696
124697
124698
124699
124700
......
124724
124725
124726
124727
124728
124729
124730
124731
124732
124733
124734
124735
124736
124737
124738
......
124751
124752
124753
124754
124755
124756
124757
124758
124759
124760
124761
124762
124763
124764
124765
......
124781
124782
124783
124784
124785
124786
124787
124788
124789
124790
124791
124792
124793
124794
124795
......
128203
128204
128205
128206
128207
128208
128209
128210
128211
128212
128213
128214
128215
128216
128217
128218
128219
128220
128221
128222
128223
128224
128225
128226
128227
128228
128229
128230
128231
128232
128233
128234
128235
......
128359
128360
128361
128362
128363
128364
128365
128366
128367
128368
128369
128370
128371
128372
128373
......
128389
128390
128391
128392
128393
128394
128395
128396
128397
128398
128399
128400
128401
128402
128403
......
128769
128770
128771
128772
128773
128774
128775
128776
128777
128778
128779
128780
128781
128782
128783
......
128986
128987
128988
128989
128990
128991
128992
128993
128994
128995
128996
128997
128998
128999
129000
129001
129002
129003
129004
129005
129006
129007
129008
129009
129010
129011
129012
129013
......
131689
131690
131691
131692
131693
131694
131695
131696
131697
131698
131699
131700
131701
131702
131703
131704
131705
......
133078
133079
133080
133081
133082
133083
133084
133085
133086
133087
133088
133089
133090
133091
133092
......
133102
133103
133104
133105
133106
133107
133108




133109


133110
133111
133112
133113
133114
133115
133116
......
133401
133402
133403
133404
133405
133406
133407

133408
133409
133410
133411

133412

133413
133414
133415
133416
133417
133418
133419
......
133605
133606
133607
133608
133609
133610
133611








133612
133613
133614
133615
133616
133617
133618
......
134362
134363
134364
134365
134366
134367
134368
134369
134370
134371
134372
134373
134374
134375
134376
......
134386
134387
134388
134389
134390
134391
134392
134393
134394
134395
134396
134397
134398
134399
134400
134401
......
134416
134417
134418
134419
134420
134421
134422
134423
134424
134425
134426
134427
134428
134429
134430
134431
134432
134433
134434
......
134482
134483
134484
134485
134486
134487
134488
134489
134490
134491
134492
134493
134494
134495
134496
......
134761
134762
134763
134764
134765
134766
134767

134768
134769
134770
134771
134772
134773
134774
......
134796
134797
134798
134799
134800
134801
134802
134803
134804
134805
134806
134807
134808
134809
134810





134811
134812
134813
134814
134815
134816
134817
......
135196
135197
135198
135199
135200
135201
135202
135203
135204
135205
135206
135207
135208
135209
135210
......
135335
135336
135337
135338
135339
135340
135341

135342
135343
135344
135345
135346
135347
135348
......
135357
135358
135359
135360
135361
135362
135363
135364
135365
135366
135367
135368
135369
135370
135371
135372
135373
135374
135375
135376
......
135384
135385
135386
135387
135388
135389
135390
135391
135392
135393
135394
135395
135396
135397
135398
135399
135400
135401
135402
135403
......
135694
135695
135696
135697
135698
135699
135700
135701
135702
135703
135704
135705
135706
135707
135708
......
135776
135777
135778
135779
135780
135781
135782
135783
135784
135785
135786
135787
135788
135789
135790
135791
135792
135793
135794
135795
135796
135797
135798
135799
......
136137
136138
136139
136140
136141
136142
136143
136144
136145
136146
136147
136148
136149
136150
136151
......
136327
136328
136329
136330
136331
136332
136333
136334
136335
136336
136337
136338
136339
136340
136341
136342
136343
136344
136345
136346

136347
136348
136349
136350
136351
136352
136353
136354
136355
......
136648
136649
136650
136651
136652
136653
136654
136655
136656
136657
136658
136659
136660
136661
136662
136663
......
137256
137257
137258
137259
137260
137261
137262
137263
137264
137265
137266
137267
137268
137269
137270
......
138589
138590
138591
138592
138593
138594
138595
138596
138597
138598
138599
138600
138601
138602
138603
......
138820
138821
138822
138823
138824
138825
138826
138827
138828
138829
138830
138831
138832
138833
138834
138835
138836
138837
138838
138839
138840
138841
138842
138843
138844
138845
138846
138847
138848
138849
138850
138851
138852
138853
138854
138855
138856
138857
138858
138859
138860
138861
138862
138863
138864
138865
138866
138867
138868
138869
138870
......
139360
139361
139362
139363
139364
139365
139366
139367
139368
139369
139370
139371
139372
139373
139374
......
139401
139402
139403
139404
139405
139406
139407
139408
139409
139410
139411
139412
139413
139414
139415
139416
139417
......
139421
139422
139423
139424
139425
139426
139427
139428
139429
139430
139431
139432
139433
139434
139435
139436
139437
139438
139439
139440
139441
139442
139443
139444
139445
139446
139447
......
139452
139453
139454
139455
139456
139457
139458
139459
139460
139461
139462
139463
139464
139465
139466
......
151484
151485
151486
151487
151488
151489
151490
151491
151492
151493
151494
151495
151496
151497
151498
......
151574
151575
151576
151577
151578
151579
151580



151581
151582
151583
151584
151585
151586
151587
......
160358
160359
160360
160361
160362
160363
160364
160365
160366
160367
160368
160369
160370
160371
160372
......
160538
160539
160540
160541
160542
160543
160544
160545
160546
160547
160548
160549
160550
160551
160552
......
160578
160579
160580
160581
160582
160583
160584
160585
160586
160587
160588
160589
160590
160591
160592
160593
160594
160595
160596
160597
160598
......
160602
160603
160604
160605
160606
160607
160608
160609
160610
160611
160612
160613
160614
160615
160616
......
160663
160664
160665
160666
160667
160668
160669
160670
160671
160672
160673
160674
160675
160676
160677
160678
160679
160680
160681
160682
160683
160684
......
163449
163450
163451
163452
163453
163454
163455
163456
163457
163458
163459
163460
163461
163462
163463
......
164426
164427
164428
164429
164430
164431
164432
164433
164434
164435
164436
164437
164438
164439
164440
......
164965
164966
164967
164968
164969
164970
164971
164972
164973
164974
164975
164976
164977
164978
164979
164980
164981
164982
164983
164984
......
165044
165045
165046
165047
165048
165049
165050
165051
165052
165053
165054
165055
165056
165057
165058
165059
165060
165061
165062
165063
165064
165065
165066
165067
165068
165069
165070
165071
......
165168
165169
165170
165171
165172
165173
165174
165175
165176
165177
165178
165179
165180
165181
165182
......
165251
165252
165253
165254
165255
165256
165257
165258
165259
165260
165261
165262
165263
165264
165265
......
168473
168474
168475
168476
168477
168478
168479



168480
168481
168482
168483
168484
168485
168486
......
168541
168542
168543
168544
168545
168546
168547
168548
168549
168550
168551
168552
168553
168554
168555
......
170726
170727
170728
170729
170730
170731
170732
170733
170734
170735
170736
170737
170738
170739
170740
......
171376
171377
171378
171379
171380
171381
171382
171383
171384
171385
171386
171387
171388
171389
171390
......
171766
171767
171768
171769
171770
171771
171772

171773


171774
171775
171776
171777
171778
171779
171780
......
192393
192394
192395
192396
192397
192398
192399


192400
192401
192402
192403
192404
192405
192406
......
196106
196107
196108
196109
196110
196111
196112
196113
196114
196115
196116
196117
196118
196119
196120
196121
196122
196123
196124
196125
196126
196127
196128
196129
......
196287
196288
196289
196290
196291
196292
196293
196294
196295
196296
196297
196298
196299
196300
196301
196302
196303
196304
196305
196306
......
196312
196313
196314
196315
196316
196317
196318
196319
196320
196321
196322
196323
196324
196325
196326
196327
196328
196329
196330
196331
196332
196333
196334
196335
196336
196337
196338
196339
196340
......
196349
196350
196351
196352
196353
196354
196355
196356
196357
196358
196359
196360
196361
196362
196363
......
197169
197170
197171
197172
197173
197174
197175
197176
197177
197178
197179
197180
197181
197182
197183
......
197342
197343
197344
197345
197346
197347
197348
197349
197350
197351
197352
197353
197354
197355
197356
......
197924
197925
197926
197927
197928
197929
197930
197931
197932
197933
197934
197935
197936
197937
197938
......
198028
198029
198030
198031
198032
198033
198034
198035
198036
198037
198038
198039
198040
198041
198042
......
198121
198122
198123
198124
198125
198126
198127
198128
198129
198130
198131
198132
198133
198134
198135
......
198712
198713
198714
198715
198716
198717
198718
198719
198720
198721
198722
198723
198724
198725
198726
......
198727
198728
198729
198730
198731
198732
198733
198734
198735
198736
198737
198738
198739
198740
198741
198742
198743
198744
198745
198746
198747
......
198996
198997
198998
198999
199000
199001
199002
199003
199004
199005
199006
199007
199008
199009
199010
......
199047
199048
199049
199050
199051
199052
199053
199054
199055
199056
199057
199058
199059
199060
199061
......
201162
201163
201164
201165
201166
201167
201168
201169
201170
201171
201172
201173
201174
201175
201176
201177
201178
201179
......
205192
205193
205194
205195
205196
205197
205198

205199
205200
205201
205202
205203
205204
205205
......
205964
205965
205966
205967
205968
205969
205970
205971


205972
205973
205974
205975
205976
205977
205978
......
206031
206032
206033
206034
206035
206036
206037

206038
206039
206040
206041
206042
206043
206044
......
224995
224996
224997
224998
224999
225000
225001
225002
225003
225004
225005
225006
225007
225008
225009
......
229778
229779
229780
229781
229782
229783
229784
229785
229786
229787
229788
229789
229790
229791
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.33.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3033000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2020-06-08 11:34:40 6e6b3729e0549de028f6c5bf494b2d69d621c81b61a1dc0a329d3950039342fb"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY           0x00000080  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB          0x00000100  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB          0x00000200  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB     0x00000400  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL     0x00000800  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL     0x00001000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL       0x00002000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL   0x00004000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX          0x00008000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX        0x00010000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE      0x00020000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE     0x00040000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_WAL              0x00080000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOFOLLOW         0x01000000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */

/* Reserved:                         0x00F00000 */




/*
** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics
**
** The xDeviceCharacteristics method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** object returns an integer which is a vector of these
** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
................................................................................
** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked 
** because the user has configured SQLite with 
** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place 
** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
** string containing the transactions master-journal file name. VFSes that 
** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications 
** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may 
** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.  
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
................................................................................
** <ul>
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_WAL]
** </ul>)^
**
** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
** change the way it deals with files.  For example, an application
** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
** the open of a journal file a no-op.  Writes to this journal would
................................................................................
** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  For example,
** it might allocate any required mutexes or initialize internal data
** structures.  The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
** by xInit.  The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
** xInit and xShutdown.
**
** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER] mutex when it invokes
** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe.  The
** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
** not need to be threadsafe either.  For all other methods, SQLite
** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
................................................................................
** default value of this setting is determined by the [-DSQLITE_DQS]
** compile-time option.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA]]
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA</td>
** <dd>The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option tells SQLite to
** assume that database schemas (the contents of the [sqlite_master] tables)
** are untainted by malicious content.
** When the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option is disabled, SQLite
** takes additional defensive steps to protect the application from harm
** including:
** <ul>
** <li> Prohibit the use of SQL functions inside triggers, views,
** CHECK constraints, DEFAULT clauses, expression indexes, 
** partial indexes, or generated columns
................................................................................
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
................................................................................
** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
** integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
**
** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
** next.  Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_randomness() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2     12  /* For use by extension VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3     13  /* For use by application VFS */





/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
................................................................................
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
** system tables like sqlite_master or sqlite_stat1.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
................................................................................
** the Select query generator tracing logic is turned on.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 0
#endif











/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle.
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
................................................................................
struct BusyHandler {
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void *,int);  /* The busy callback */
  void *pBusyArg;                   /* First arg to busy callback */
  int nBusy;                        /* Incremented with each busy call */
};

/*
** Name of the master database table.  The master database table
** is a special table that holds the names and attributes of all
** user tables and indices.
*/


#define MASTER_NAME       "sqlite_master"
#define TEMP_MASTER_NAME  "sqlite_temp_master"


/*
** The root-page of the master database table.
*/
#define MASTER_ROOT       1


/*
** The name of the schema table.
*/
#define SCHEMA_TABLE(x)  ((!OMIT_TEMPDB)&&(x==1)?TEMP_MASTER_NAME:MASTER_NAME)


/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetRequestedReserve(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
................................................................................
*/
typedef struct PgHdr DbPage;

/*
** Page number PAGER_MJ_PGNO is never used in an SQLite database (it is
** reserved for working around a windows/posix incompatibility). It is
** used in the journal to signify that the remainder of the journal file 
** is devoted to storing a master journal name - there are no more pages to
** roll back. See comments for function writeMasterJournal() in pager.c 
** for details.
*/
#define PAGER_MJ_PGNO(x) ((Pgno)((PENDING_BYTE/((x)->pageSize))+1))

/*
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *); 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *); 

/* Functions used to manage pager transactions and savepoints. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager*, int exFlag, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
................................................................................
  int busyTimeout;              /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
  int nSavepoint;               /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
  int nStatement;               /* Number of nested statement-transactions  */
  i64 nDeferredCons;            /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */
  i64 nDeferredImmCons;         /* Net deferred immediate constraints */
  int *pnBytesFreed;            /* If not NULL, increment this in DbFree() */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MASTER
  ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c.
  **
  ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
  ** unlock so that it can proceed.
  **
  ** When X.pBlockingConnection==Y, that means that something that X tried
  ** tried to do recently failed with an SQLITE_LOCKED error due to locks
................................................................................
** Possible values for the sqlite3.flags.
**
** Value constraints (enforced via assert()):
**      SQLITE_FullFSync     == PAGER_FULLFSYNC
**      SQLITE_CkptFullFSync == PAGER_CKPT_FULLFSYNC
**      SQLITE_CacheSpill    == PAGER_CACHE_SPILL
*/
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000001  /* OK to update SQLITE_MASTER */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00000002  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullColNames   0x00000004  /* Show full column names on SELECT */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00000008  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00000010  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_CacheSpill     0x00000020  /* OK to spill pager cache */
#define SQLITE_ShortColNames  0x00000040  /* Show short columns names */
#define SQLITE_TrustedSchema  0x00000080  /* Allow unsafe functions and
................................................................................
** must be unique and what to do if they are not.  When Index.onError=OE_None,
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
**
** While parsing a CREATE TABLE or CREATE INDEX statement in order to
** generate VDBE code (as opposed to parsing one read from an sqlite_master
** table as part of parsing an existing database schema), transient instances
** of this structure may be created. In this case the Index.tnum variable is
** used to store the address of a VDBE instruction, not a database page
** number (it cannot - the database page is not allocated until the VDBE
** program is executed). See convertToWithoutRowidTable() for details.
*/
struct Index {
................................................................................
  int sortingIdx;         /* Cursor number of the sorting index */
  int sortingIdxPTab;     /* Cursor number of pseudo-table */
  int nSortingColumn;     /* Number of columns in the sorting index */
  int mnReg, mxReg;       /* Range of registers allocated for aCol and aFunc */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;     /* The group by clause */
  struct AggInfo_col {    /* For each column used in source tables */
    Table *pTab;             /* Source table */
    Expr *pExpr;             /* The original expression */
    int iTable;              /* Cursor number of the source table */
    int iMem;                /* Memory location that acts as accumulator */
    i16 iColumn;             /* Column number within the source table */
    i16 iSorterColumn;       /* Column number in the sorting index */
  } *aCol;
  int nColumn;            /* Number of used entries in aCol[] */
  int nAccumulator;       /* Number of columns that show through to the output.
                          ** Additional columns are used only as parameters to
                          ** aggregate functions */
  struct AggInfo_func {   /* For each aggregate function */
    Expr *pExpr;             /* Expression encoding the function */
    FuncDef *pFunc;          /* The aggregate function implementation */
    int iMem;                /* Memory location that acts as accumulator */
    int iDistinct;           /* Ephemeral table used to enforce DISTINCT */
  } *aFunc;
  int nFunc;              /* Number of entries in aFunc[] */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int iAggMagic;          /* Magic number when valid */
#endif
  AggInfo *pNext;         /* Next in list of them all */
};

/*
** Value for AggInfo.iAggMagic when the structure is valid
*/
#define AggInfoMagic  0x2059e99e
................................................................................
#define EP_Leaf       0x800000 /* Expr.pLeft, .pRight, .u.pSelect all NULL */
#define EP_WinFunc   0x1000000 /* TK_FUNCTION with Expr.y.pWin set */
#define EP_Subrtn    0x2000000 /* Uses Expr.y.sub. TK_IN, _SELECT, or _EXISTS */
#define EP_Quoted    0x4000000 /* TK_ID was originally quoted */
#define EP_Static    0x8000000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_IsTrue   0x10000000 /* Always has boolean value of TRUE */
#define EP_IsFalse  0x20000000 /* Always has boolean value of FALSE */
#define EP_FromDDL  0x40000000 /* Originates from sqlite_master */
               /*   0x80000000 // Available */

/*
** The EP_Propagate mask is a set of properties that automatically propagate
** upwards into parent nodes.
*/
#define EP_Propagate (EP_Collate|EP_Subquery|EP_HasFunc)
................................................................................
      u8 jointype;      /* Type of join between this table and the previous */
      unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
      unsigned isIndexedBy :1;   /* True if there is an INDEXED BY clause */
      unsigned isTabFunc :1;     /* True if table-valued-function syntax */
      unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
      unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
      unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
      unsigned fromDDL :1;       /* Comes from sqlite_master */
    } fg;
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    union {
      char *zIndexedBy;    /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
................................................................................
#define NC_UUpsert   0x00200  /* True if uNC.pUpsert is used */
#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x01000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */
#define NC_Complex   0x02000  /* True if a function or subquery seen */
#define NC_AllowWin  0x04000  /* Window functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasWin    0x08000  /* One or more window functions seen */
#define NC_IsDDL     0x10000  /* Resolving names in a CREATE statement */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x20000  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_FromDDL   0x40000  /* SQL text comes from sqlite_master */

/*
** An instance of the following object describes a single ON CONFLICT
** clause in an upsert.
**
** The pUpsertTarget field is only set if the ON CONFLICT clause includes
** conflict-target clause.  (In "ON CONFLICT(a,b)" the "(a,b)" is the
................................................................................
#define SF_MaybeConvert  0x0008000 /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Converted     0x0010000 /* By convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_IncludeHidden 0x0020000 /* Include hidden columns in output */
#define SF_ComplexResult 0x0040000 /* Result contains subquery or function */
#define SF_WhereBegin    0x0080000 /* Really a WhereBegin() call.  Debug Only */
#define SF_WinRewrite    0x0100000 /* Window function rewrite accomplished */
#define SF_View          0x0200000 /* SELECT statement is a view */


/*
** The results of a SELECT can be distributed in several ways, as defined
** by one of the following macros.  The "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result
** Type".
**
**     SRT_Union       Store results as a key in a temporary index
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetOneSchema(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(sqlite3*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(Parse*,ExprList*,i16*,Column**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(Parse*,Table*,Select*,char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*,char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i16 sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(Index*, i16);
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
# define sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(T,X) (X)  /* No-op pass-through */
# define sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(T,X) (X)  /* No-op pass-through */
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   i16 sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(Table*, i16);
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char sqlite3StrBINARY[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config;
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDefHash sqlite3BuiltinFunctions;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte;
#endif
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_uint64 sqlite3NProfileCnt;
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RootPageMoved(sqlite3*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
................................................................................
** Changing the pending byte during operation will result in undefined
** and incorrect behavior.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte = 0x40000000;
#endif






/* #include "opcodes.h" */
/*
** Properties of opcodes.  The OPFLG_INITIALIZER macro is
** created by mkopcodeh.awk during compilation.  Data is obtained
** from the comments following the "case OP_xxxx:" statements in
** the vdbe.c file.  
*/
................................................................................
** local time.
*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) pX = 0;
#endif
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
................................................................................

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#if HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
#endif
  if( pTm ){
    strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, &sNow);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
}
#endif
................................................................................
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return 0;
#endif
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  for(pVfs = vfsList; pVfs; pVfs=pVfs->pNext){
    if( zVfs==0 ) break;
    if( strcmp(zVfs, pVfs->zName)==0 ) break;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
................................................................................
  return pVfs;
}

/*
** Unlink a VFS from the linked list
*/
static void vfsUnlink(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER)) );
  if( pVfs==0 ){
    /* No-op */
  }else if( vfsList==pVfs ){
    vfsList = pVfs->pNext;
  }else if( vfsList ){
    sqlite3_vfs *p = vfsList;
    while( p->pNext && p->pNext!=pVfs ){
................................................................................
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pVfs==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif

  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList->pNext;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/************** End of os.c **************************************************/
................................................................................
  ** Mutex to control access to the memory allocation subsystem.
  */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
  
  /*
  ** The minimum amount of free space that we have seen.
  */
  u32 mnMaster;

  /*
  ** iMaster is the index of the master chunk.  Most new allocations
  ** occur off of this chunk.  szMaster is the size (in Mem3Blocks)
  ** of the current master.  iMaster is 0 if there is not master chunk.
  ** The master chunk is not in either the aiHash[] or aiSmall[].
  */
  u32 iMaster;
  u32 szMaster;

  /*
  ** Array of lists of free blocks according to the block size 
  ** for smaller chunks, or a hash on the block size for larger
  ** chunks.
  */
  u32 aiSmall[MX_SMALL-1];   /* For sizes 2 through MX_SMALL, inclusive */
................................................................................
  mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x = nBlock*4 | 1 | (x&2);
  mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.prevSize = nBlock;
  mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.size4x |= 2;
  return &mem3.aPool[i];
}

/*
** Carve a piece off of the end of the mem3.iMaster free chunk.
** Return a pointer to the new allocation.  Or, if the master chunk
** is not large enough, return 0.
*/
static void *memsys3FromMaster(u32 nBlock){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
  assert( mem3.szMaster>=nBlock );
  if( nBlock>=mem3.szMaster-1 ){
    /* Use the entire master */
    void *p = memsys3Checkout(mem3.iMaster, mem3.szMaster);
    mem3.iMaster = 0;
    mem3.szMaster = 0;
    mem3.mnMaster = 0;
    return p;
  }else{
    /* Split the master block.  Return the tail. */
    u32 newi, x;
    newi = mem3.iMaster + mem3.szMaster - nBlock;
    assert( newi > mem3.iMaster+1 );
    mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = nBlock;
    mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x |= 2;
    mem3.aPool[newi-1].u.hdr.size4x = nBlock*4 + 1;
    mem3.szMaster -= nBlock;
    mem3.aPool[newi-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
    x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
    mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
    if( mem3.szMaster < mem3.mnMaster ){
      mem3.mnMaster = mem3.szMaster;
    }
    return (void*)&mem3.aPool[newi];
  }
}

/*
** *pRoot is the head of a list of free chunks of the same size
** or same size hash.  In other words, *pRoot is an entry in either
** mem3.aiSmall[] or mem3.aiHash[].  
**
** This routine examines all entries on the given list and tries
** to coalesce each entries with adjacent free chunks.  
**
** If it sees a chunk that is larger than mem3.iMaster, it replaces 
** the current mem3.iMaster with the new larger chunk.  In order for
** this mem3.iMaster replacement to work, the master chunk must be
** linked into the hash tables.  That is not the normal state of
** affairs, of course.  The calling routine must link the master
** chunk before invoking this routine, then must unlink the (possibly
** changed) master chunk once this routine has finished.
*/
static void memsys3Merge(u32 *pRoot){
  u32 iNext, prev, size, i, x;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
  for(i=*pRoot; i>0; i=iNext){
    iNext = mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next;
................................................................................
      mem3.aPool[prev-1].u.hdr.size4x = size*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[prev+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize = size;
      memsys3Link(prev);
      i = prev;
    }else{
      size /= 4;
    }
    if( size>mem3.szMaster ){
      mem3.iMaster = i;
      mem3.szMaster = size;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return a block of memory of at least nBytes in size.
** Return NULL if unable.
................................................................................
        return memsys3Checkout(i, nBlock);
      }
    }
  }

  /* STEP 2:
  ** Try to satisfy the allocation by carving a piece off of the end
  ** of the master chunk.  This step usually works if step 1 fails.
  */
  if( mem3.szMaster>=nBlock ){
    return memsys3FromMaster(nBlock);
  }


  /* STEP 3:  
  ** Loop through the entire memory pool.  Coalesce adjacent free
  ** chunks.  Recompute the master chunk as the largest free chunk.
  ** Then try again to satisfy the allocation by carving a piece off
  ** of the end of the master chunk.  This step happens very
  ** rarely (we hope!)
  */
  for(toFree=nBlock*16; toFree<(mem3.nPool*16); toFree *= 2){
    memsys3OutOfMemory(toFree);
    if( mem3.iMaster ){
      memsys3Link(mem3.iMaster);
      mem3.iMaster = 0;
      mem3.szMaster = 0;
    }
    for(i=0; i<N_HASH; i++){
      memsys3Merge(&mem3.aiHash[i]);
    }
    for(i=0; i<MX_SMALL-1; i++){
      memsys3Merge(&mem3.aiSmall[i]);
    }
    if( mem3.szMaster ){
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster);
      if( mem3.szMaster>=nBlock ){
        return memsys3FromMaster(nBlock);
      }
    }
  }

  /* If none of the above worked, then we fail. */
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
  size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
  assert( i+size<=mem3.nPool+1 );
  mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x &= ~1;
  mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize = size;
  mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.size4x &= ~2;
  memsys3Link(i);

  /* Try to expand the master using the newly freed chunk */
  if( mem3.iMaster ){
    while( (mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x&2)==0 ){
      size = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize;
      mem3.iMaster -= size;
      mem3.szMaster += size;
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster);
      x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
    }
    x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
    while( (mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x&1)==0 ){
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster);
      mem3.szMaster += mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szMaster*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iMaster+mem3.szMaster-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szMaster;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes.  The
** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead.  This only
................................................................................
  }

  /* Store a pointer to the memory block in global structure mem3. */
  assert( sizeof(Mem3Block)==8 );
  mem3.aPool = (Mem3Block *)sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap;
  mem3.nPool = (sqlite3GlobalConfig.nHeap / sizeof(Mem3Block)) - 2;

  /* Initialize the master block. */
  mem3.szMaster = mem3.nPool;
  mem3.mnMaster = mem3.szMaster;
  mem3.iMaster = 1;
  mem3.aPool[0].u.hdr.size4x = (mem3.szMaster<<2) + 2;
  mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.nPool;
  mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool].u.hdr.size4x = 1;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
      assert( 0 );
      break;
    }
    if( size&1 ){
      fprintf(out, "%p %6d bytes checked out\n", &mem3.aPool[i], (size/4)*8-8);
    }else{
      fprintf(out, "%p %6d bytes free%s\n", &mem3.aPool[i], (size/4)*8-8,
                  i==mem3.iMaster ? " **master**" : "");
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<MX_SMALL-1; i++){
    if( mem3.aiSmall[i]==0 ) continue;
    fprintf(out, "small(%2d):", i);
    for(j = mem3.aiSmall[i]; j>0; j=mem3.aPool[j].u.list.next){
      fprintf(out, " %p(%d)", &mem3.aPool[j],
................................................................................
    fprintf(out, "hash(%2d):", i);
    for(j = mem3.aiHash[i]; j>0; j=mem3.aPool[j].u.list.next){
      fprintf(out, " %p(%d)", &mem3.aPool[j],
              (mem3.aPool[j-1].u.hdr.size4x/4)*8-8);
    }
    fprintf(out, "\n"); 
  }
  fprintf(out, "master=%d\n", mem3.iMaster);
  fprintf(out, "nowUsed=%d\n", mem3.nPool*8 - mem3.szMaster*8);
  fprintf(out, "mxUsed=%d\n", mem3.nPool*8 - mem3.mnMaster*8);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem3.mutex);
  if( out==stdout ){
    fflush(stdout);
  }else{
    fclose(out);
  }
#else
................................................................................
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
        pWin = ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ? pExpr->y.pWin : 0;
#else
        pWin = 0;
#endif 
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q%s iAgg=%d agg=%p",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken, zFlgs,

                             pExpr->iAgg, pExpr->pAggInfo);
      }else if( pExpr->op2!=0 ){
        const char *zOp2;
        char zBuf[8];
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"0x%02x",pExpr->op2);
        zOp2 = zBuf;
        if( pExpr->op2==NC_IsCheck ) zOp2 = "NC_IsCheck";
................................................................................
){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile *)id;
  int got;
  assert( id );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( amt>0 );

  /* If this is a database file (not a journal, master-journal or temp
  ** file), the bytes in the locking range should never be read or written. */
#if 0
  assert( pFile->pPreallocatedUnused==0
       || offset>=PENDING_BYTE+512
       || offset+amt<=PENDING_BYTE 
  );
#endif
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 offset 
){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int wrote = 0;
  assert( id );
  assert( amt>0 );

  /* If this is a database file (not a journal, master-journal or temp
  ** file), the bytes in the locking range should never be read or written. */
#if 0
  assert( pFile->pPreallocatedUnused==0
       || offset>=PENDING_BYTE+512
       || offset+amt<=PENDING_BYTE 
  );
#endif
................................................................................
** if SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING is defined.
*/
static int proxyTransformUnixFile(unixFile*, const char*);
#endif

/*
** Search for an unused file descriptor that was opened on the database 
** file (not a journal or master-journal file) identified by pathname
** zPath with SQLITE_OPEN_XXX flags matching those passed as the second
** argument to this function.
**
** Such a file descriptor may exist if a database connection was closed
** but the associated file descriptor could not be closed because some
** other file descriptor open on the same file is holding a file-lock.
** Refer to comments in the unixClose() function and the lengthy comment
................................................................................
    ** where NN is a decimal number. The NN naming schemes are 
    ** used by the test_multiplex.c module.
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
    while( zPath[nDb]!='-' ){
      /* In normal operation, the journal file name will always contain
      ** a '-' character.  However in 8+3 filename mode, or if a corrupt
      ** rollback journal specifies a master journal with a goofy name, then
      ** the '-' might be missing. */
      if( nDb==0 || zPath[nDb]=='.' ) return SQLITE_OK;
      nDb--;
    }
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

................................................................................
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int isAutoProxy  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_AUTOPROXY);
#endif
#if defined(__APPLE__) || SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  struct statfs fsInfo;
#endif

  /* If creating a master or main-file journal, this function will open
  ** a file-descriptor on the directory too. The first time unixSync()
  ** is called the directory file descriptor will be fsync()ed and close()d.
  */
  int isNewJrnl = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
................................................................................
  **   (d) if DELETEONCLOSE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  */
  assert((isReadonly==0 || isReadWrite==0) && (isReadWrite || isReadonly));
  assert(isCreate==0 || isReadWrite);
  assert(isExclusive==0 || isCreate);
  assert(isDelete==0 || isCreate);

  /* The main DB, main journal, WAL file and master journal are never 
  ** automatically deleted. Nor are they ever temporary files.  */
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );

  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  /* Detect a pid change and reset the PRNG.  There is a race condition
  ** here such that two or more threads all trying to open databases at
  ** the same instant might all reset the PRNG.  But multiple resets
  ** are harmless.
................................................................................
      }
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  assert( zPath==0 || zPath[0]=='/' 
      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
  );
  rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, pFile, zPath, ctrlFlags);

open_finished:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(p->pPreallocatedUnused);
  }
................................................................................
** If a Win32 native heap has been configured, this function will attempt to
** destroy and recreate it.  If the Win32 native heap is not isolated and/or
** the sqlite3_memory_used() function does not return zero, SQLITE_BUSY will
** be returned and no changes will be made to the Win32 native heap.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_reset_heap(){
  int rc;
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; ) /* The main static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMem; )    /* The memsys static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMem = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMem);
  winMemAssertMagic();
  if( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL && winMemGetOwned() && sqlite3_memory_used()==0 ){
    /*
    ** At this point, there should be no outstanding memory allocations on
    ** the heap.  Also, since both the master and memsys locks are currently
    ** being held by us, no other function (i.e. from another thread) should
    ** be able to even access the heap.  Attempt to destroy and recreate our
    ** isolated Win32 native heap now.
    */
    assert( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL );
    assert( winMemGetOwned() );
    assert( sqlite3_memory_used()==0 );
................................................................................
  }else{
    /*
    ** The Win32 native heap cannot be modified because it may be in use.
    */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMem);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMaster);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
................................................................................
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
  int isCreate     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
  int isReadonly   = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  int isReadWrite  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE);

#ifndef NDEBUG
  int isOpenJournal = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));
#endif

  OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, pFile=%p, flags=%x, pOutFlags=%p\n",
           zUtf8Name, id, flags, pOutFlags));
................................................................................
  **   (d) if DELETEONCLOSE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  */
  assert((isReadonly==0 || isReadWrite==0) && (isReadWrite || isReadonly));
  assert(isCreate==0 || isReadWrite);
  assert(isExclusive==0 || isCreate);
  assert(isDelete==0 || isCreate);

  /* The main DB, main journal, WAL file and master journal are never
  ** automatically deleted. Nor are they ever temporary files.  */
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );

  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

................................................................................
  assert( pOutFlags!=0 );  /* True because flags==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB */
  *pOutFlags = flags | SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY;
  p->base.pMethods = &memdb_io_methods;
  p->szMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMemdbSize;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#if 0 /* Only used to delete rollback journals, master journals, and WAL
      ** files, none of which exist in memdb.  So this routine is never used */
/*
** Delete the file located at zPath. If the dirSync argument is true,
** ensure the file-system modifications are synced to disk before
** returning.
*/
static int memdbDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
................................................................................
** (4) Reads from the database file are either aligned on a page boundary and
**     an integer multiple of the page size in length or are taken from the
**     first 100 bytes of the database file.
** 
** (5) All writes to the database file are synced prior to the rollback journal
**     being deleted, truncated, or zeroed.
** 
** (6) If a master journal file is used, then all writes to the database file
**     are synced prior to the master journal being deleted.
** 
** Definition: Two databases (or the same database at two points it time)
** are said to be "logically equivalent" if they give the same answer to
** all queries.  Note in particular the content of freelist leaf
** pages can be changed arbitrarily without affecting the logical equivalence
** of the database.
** 
................................................................................
**   The changeCountDone flag is inspected. If it is true, the work of
**   updating the change-counter is omitted for the current transaction.
**
**   This mechanism means that when running in exclusive mode, a connection 
**   need only update the change-counter once, for the first transaction
**   committed.
**
** setMaster
**
**   When PagerCommitPhaseOne() is called to commit a transaction, it may
**   (or may not) specify a master-journal name to be written into the 
**   journal file before it is synced to disk.
**
**   Whether or not a journal file contains a master-journal pointer affects 
**   the way in which the journal file is finalized after the transaction is 
**   committed or rolled back when running in "journal_mode=PERSIST" mode.
**   If a journal file does not contain a master-journal pointer, it is
**   finalized by overwriting the first journal header with zeroes. If
**   it does contain a master-journal pointer the journal file is finalized 
**   by truncating it to zero bytes, just as if the connection were 
**   running in "journal_mode=truncate" mode.
**
**   Journal files that contain master journal pointers cannot be finalized
**   simply by overwriting the first journal-header with zeroes, as the
**   master journal pointer could interfere with hot-journal rollback of any
**   subsequently interrupted transaction that reuses the journal file.
**
**   The flag is cleared as soon as the journal file is finalized (either
**   by PagerCommitPhaseTwo or PagerRollback). If an IO error prevents the
**   journal file from being successfully finalized, the setMaster flag
**   is cleared anyway (and the pager will move to ERROR state).
**
** doNotSpill
**
**   This variables control the behavior of cache-spills  (calls made by
**   the pcache module to the pagerStress() routine to write cached data
**   to the file-system in order to free up memory).
................................................................................
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
  ** the "state" of the pager, while other class members describe the
  ** "configuration" of the pager.
  */
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasHeldSharedLock;       /* True if a shared lock has ever been held */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
................................................................................
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbSize==pPager->dbOrigSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD:
      assert( p->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        /* It is possible that if journal_mode=wal here that neither the
................................................................................
#define pager_pagehash(X)  0
#define pager_set_pagehash(X)
#define CHECK_PAGE(x)
#endif  /* SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES */

/*
** When this is called the journal file for pager pPager must be open.
** This function attempts to read a master journal file name from the 
** end of the file and, if successful, copies it into memory supplied 
** by the caller. See comments above writeMasterJournal() for the format
** used to store a master journal file name at the end of a journal file.
**
** zMaster must point to a buffer of at least nMaster bytes allocated by
** the caller. This should be sqlite3_vfs.mxPathname+1 (to ensure there is
** enough space to write the master journal name). If the master journal
** name in the journal is longer than nMaster bytes (including a
** nul-terminator), then this is handled as if no master journal name
** were present in the journal.
**
** If a master journal file name is present at the end of the journal
** file, then it is copied into the buffer pointed to by zMaster. A
** nul-terminator byte is appended to the buffer following the master
** journal file name.
**
** If it is determined that no master journal file name is present 
** zMaster[0] is set to 0 and SQLITE_OK returned.
**
** If an error occurs while reading from the journal file, an SQLite
** error code is returned.
*/
static int readMasterJournal(sqlite3_file *pJrnl, char *zMaster, u32 nMaster){
  int rc;                    /* Return code */
  u32 len;                   /* Length in bytes of master journal name */
  i64 szJ;                   /* Total size in bytes of journal file pJrnl */
  u32 cksum;                 /* MJ checksum value read from journal */
  u32 u;                     /* Unsigned loop counter */
  unsigned char aMagic[8];   /* A buffer to hold the magic header */
  zMaster[0] = '\0';

  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pJrnl, &szJ))
   || szJ<16
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pJrnl, szJ-16, &len))
   || len>=nMaster 
   || len>szJ-16
   || len==0 
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pJrnl, szJ-12, &cksum))
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsRead(pJrnl, aMagic, 8, szJ-8))
   || memcmp(aMagic, aJournalMagic, 8)
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsRead(pJrnl, zMaster, len, szJ-16-len))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* See if the checksum matches the master journal name */
  for(u=0; u<len; u++){
    cksum -= zMaster[u];
  }
  if( cksum ){
    /* If the checksum doesn't add up, then one or more of the disk sectors
    ** containing the master journal filename is corrupted. This means
    ** definitely roll back, so just return SQLITE_OK and report a (nul)
    ** master-journal filename.
    */
    len = 0;
  }
  zMaster[len] = '\0';
  zMaster[len+1] = '\0';
   
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the offset of the sector boundary at or immediately 
** following the value in pPager->journalOff, assuming a sector 
................................................................................

  pPager->journalOff += JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Write the supplied master journal name into the journal file for pager
** pPager at the current location. The master journal name must be the last
** thing written to a journal file. If the pager is in full-sync mode, the
** journal file descriptor is advanced to the next sector boundary before
** anything is written. The format is:
**
**   + 4 bytes: PAGER_MJ_PGNO.
**   + N bytes: Master journal filename in utf-8.
**   + 4 bytes: N (length of master journal name in bytes, no nul-terminator).
**   + 4 bytes: Master journal name checksum.
**   + 8 bytes: aJournalMagic[].
**
** The master journal page checksum is the sum of the bytes in the master
** journal name, where each byte is interpreted as a signed 8-bit integer.
**
** If zMaster is a NULL pointer (occurs for a single database transaction), 
** this call is a no-op.
*/
static int writeMasterJournal(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster){
  int rc;                          /* Return code */
  int nMaster;                     /* Length of string zMaster */
  i64 iHdrOff;                     /* Offset of header in journal file */
  i64 jrnlSize;                    /* Size of journal file on disk */
  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zMaster */

  assert( pPager->setMaster==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zMaster 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || !isOpen(pPager->jfd)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setMaster = 1;
  assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );

  /* Calculate the length in bytes and the checksum of zMaster */
  for(nMaster=0; zMaster[nMaster]; nMaster++){
    cksum += zMaster[nMaster];
  }

  /* If in full-sync mode, advance to the next disk sector before writing
  ** the master journal name. This is in case the previous page written to
  ** the journal has already been synced.
  */
  if( pPager->fullSync ){
    pPager->journalOff = journalHdrOffset(pPager);
  }
  iHdrOff = pPager->journalOff;

  /* Write the master journal data to the end of the journal file. If
  ** an error occurs, return the error code to the caller.
  */
  if( (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff, PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager))))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, zMaster, nMaster, iHdrOff+4)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster, nMaster)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nMaster+4, cksum)))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, aJournalMagic, 8,
                                 iHdrOff+4+nMaster+8)))
  ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPager->journalOff += (nMaster+20);

  /* If the pager is in peristent-journal mode, then the physical 
  ** journal-file may extend past the end of the master-journal name
  ** and 8 bytes of magic data just written to the file. This is 
  ** dangerous because the code to rollback a hot-journal file
  ** will not be able to find the master-journal name to determine 
  ** whether or not the journal is hot. 
  **
  ** Easiest thing to do in this scenario is to truncate the journal 
  ** file to the required size.
  */ 
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &jrnlSize))
   && jrnlSize>pPager->journalOff
................................................................................
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
    setGetterMethod(pPager);
  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;
}

/*
** This function is called whenever an IOERR or FULL error that requires
** the pager to transition into the ERROR state may ahve occurred.
** The first argument is a pointer to the pager structure, the second 
** the error-code about to be returned by a pager API function. The 
................................................................................
** database then the IO error code is returned to the user. If the 
** operation to finalize the journal file fails, then the code still
** tries to unlock the database file if not in exclusive mode. If the
** unlock operation fails as well, then the first error code related
** to the first error encountered (the journal finalization one) is
** returned.
*/
static int pager_end_transaction(Pager *pPager, int hasMaster, int bCommit){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Error code from journal finalization operation */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Error code from db file unlock operation */

  /* Do nothing if the pager does not have an open write transaction
  ** or at least a RESERVED lock. This function may be called when there
  ** is no write-transaction active but a RESERVED or greater lock is
  ** held under two circumstances:
................................................................................
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster||pPager->tempFile);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal.
      */
................................................................................

  if( !pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && (!pagerUseWal(pPager) || sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 0))
  ){
    rc2 = pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
  }
  pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
  pPager->setMaster = 0;

  return (rc==SQLITE_OK?rc2:rc);
}

/*
** Execute a rollback if a transaction is active and unlock the 
** database file. 
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3PcacheRelease(pPg);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Parameter zMaster is the name of a master journal file. A single journal
** file that referred to the master journal file has just been rolled back.
** This routine checks if it is possible to delete the master journal file,
** and does so if it is.
**
** Argument zMaster may point to Pager.pTmpSpace. So that buffer is not 
** available for use within this function.
**
** When a master journal file is created, it is populated with the names 
** of all of its child journals, one after another, formatted as utf-8 
** encoded text. The end of each child journal file is marked with a 
** nul-terminator byte (0x00). i.e. the entire contents of a master journal
** file for a transaction involving two databases might be:
**
**   "/home/bill/a.db-journal\x00/home/bill/b.db-journal\x00"
**
** A master journal file may only be deleted once all of its child 
** journals have been rolled back.
**
** This function reads the contents of the master-journal file into 
** memory and loops through each of the child journal names. For
** each child journal, it checks if:
**
**   * if the child journal exists, and if so
**   * if the child journal contains a reference to master journal 
**     file zMaster
**
** If a child journal can be found that matches both of the criteria
** above, this function returns without doing anything. Otherwise, if
** no such child journal can be found, file zMaster is deleted from
** the file-system using sqlite3OsDelete().
**
** If an IO error within this function, an error code is returned. This
** function allocates memory by calling sqlite3Malloc(). If an allocation
** fails, SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. Otherwise, if no IO or malloc errors 
** occur, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** TODO: This function allocates a single block of memory to load
** the entire contents of the master journal file. This could be
** a couple of kilobytes or so - potentially larger than the page 
** size.
*/
static int pager_delmaster(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  int rc;                   /* Return code */
  sqlite3_file *pMaster;    /* Malloc'd master-journal file descriptor */
  sqlite3_file *pJournal;   /* Malloc'd child-journal file descriptor */
  char *zMasterJournal = 0; /* Contents of master journal file */
  i64 nMasterJournal;       /* Size of master journal file */
  char *zJournal;           /* Pointer to one journal within MJ file */
  char *zMasterPtr;         /* Space to hold MJ filename from a journal file */
  int nMasterPtr;           /* Amount of space allocated to zMasterPtr[] */

  /* Allocate space for both the pJournal and pMaster file descriptors.
  ** If successful, open the master journal file for reading.
  */
  pMaster = (sqlite3_file *)sqlite3MallocZero(pVfs->szOsFile * 2);
  pJournal = (sqlite3_file *)(((u8 *)pMaster) + pVfs->szOsFile);
  if( !pMaster ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    const int flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY|SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL);
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zMaster, pMaster, flags, 0);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto delmaster_out;

  /* Load the entire master journal file into space obtained from
  ** sqlite3_malloc() and pointed to by zMasterJournal.   Also obtain
  ** sufficient space (in zMasterPtr) to hold the names of master
  ** journal files extracted from regular rollback-journals.
  */
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pMaster, &nMasterJournal);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto delmaster_out;
  nMasterPtr = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
  zMasterJournal = sqlite3Malloc(nMasterJournal + nMasterPtr + 2);
  if( !zMasterJournal ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    goto delmaster_out;
  }
  zMasterPtr = &zMasterJournal[nMasterJournal+2];
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pMaster, zMasterJournal, (int)nMasterJournal, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto delmaster_out;
  zMasterJournal[nMasterJournal] = 0;
  zMasterJournal[nMasterJournal+1] = 0;

  zJournal = zMasterJournal;
  while( (zJournal-zMasterJournal)<nMasterJournal ){
    int exists;
    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zJournal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &exists);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto delmaster_out;
    }
    if( exists ){
      /* One of the journals pointed to by the master journal exists.
      ** Open it and check if it points at the master journal. If
      ** so, return without deleting the master journal file.
      ** NB:  zJournal is really a MAIN_JOURNAL.  But call it a 
      ** MASTER_JOURNAL here so that the VFS will not send the zJournal
      ** name into sqlite3_database_file_object().
      */
      int c;
      int flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY|SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL);
      rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zJournal, pJournal, flags, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto delmaster_out;
      }

      rc = readMasterJournal(pJournal, zMasterPtr, nMasterPtr);
      sqlite3OsClose(pJournal);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto delmaster_out;
      }

      c = zMasterPtr[0]!=0 && strcmp(zMasterPtr, zMaster)==0;
      if( c ){
        /* We have a match. Do not delete the master journal file. */
        goto delmaster_out;
      }
    }
    zJournal += (sqlite3Strlen30(zJournal)+1);
  }
 
  sqlite3OsClose(pMaster);
  rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 0);

delmaster_out:
  sqlite3_free(zMasterJournal);
  if( pMaster ){
    sqlite3OsClose(pMaster);
    assert( !isOpen(pJournal) );
    sqlite3_free(pMaster);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** This function is used to change the actual size of the database 
................................................................................
}

/*
** Set the value of the Pager.sectorSize variable for the given
** pager based on the value returned by the xSectorSize method
** of the open database file. The sector size will be used 
** to determine the size and alignment of journal header and 
** master journal pointers within created journal files.
**
** For temporary files the effective sector size is always 512 bytes.
**
** Otherwise, for non-temporary files, the effective sector size is
** the value returned by the xSectorSize() method rounded up to 32 if
** it is less than 32, or rounded down to MAX_SECTOR_SIZE if it
** is greater than MAX_SECTOR_SIZE.
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  i64 szJ;                 /* Size of the journal file in bytes */
  u32 nRec;                /* Number of Records in the journal */
  u32 u;                   /* Unsigned loop counter */
  Pgno mxPg = 0;           /* Size of the original file in pages */
  int rc;                  /* Result code of a subroutine */
  int res = 1;             /* Value returned by sqlite3OsAccess() */
  char *zMaster = 0;       /* Name of master journal file if any */
  int needPagerReset;      /* True to reset page prior to first page rollback */
  int nPlayback = 0;       /* Total number of pages restored from journal */
  u32 savedPageSize = pPager->pageSize;

  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto end_playback;
  }

  /* Read the master journal name from the journal, if it is present.
  ** If a master journal file name is specified, but the file is not
  ** present on disk, then the journal is not hot and does not need to be
  ** played back.
  **
  ** TODO: Technically the following is an error because it assumes that
  ** buffer Pager.pTmpSpace is (mxPathname+1) bytes or larger. i.e. that
  ** (pPager->pageSize >= pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1). Using os_unix.c,
  ** mxPathname is 512, which is the same as the minimum allowable value
  ** for pageSize.
  */
  zMaster = pPager->pTmpSpace;
  rc = readMasterJournal(pPager->jfd, zMaster, pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zMaster[0] ){
    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zMaster, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &res);
  }
  zMaster = 0;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !res ){
    goto end_playback;
  }
  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  needPagerReset = isHot;

  /* This loop terminates either when a readJournalHdr() or 
................................................................................
  ** update the change-counter at all. This may lead to cache inconsistency
  ** problems for other processes at some point in the future. So, just
  ** in case this has happened, clear the changeCountDone flag now.
  */
  pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    zMaster = pPager->pTmpSpace;
    rc = readMasterJournal(pPager->jfd, zMaster, pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN)
  ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, zMaster[0]!='\0', 0);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zMaster[0] && res ){
    /* If there was a master journal and this routine will return success,
    ** see if it is possible to delete the master journal.
    */
    rc = pager_delmaster(pPager, zMaster);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( isHot && nPlayback ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK, "recovered %d pages from %s",
                nPlayback, pPager->zJournal);
  }

................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** Playback savepoint pSavepoint. Or, if pSavepoint==NULL, then playback
** the entire master journal file. The case pSavepoint==NULL occurs when 
** a ROLLBACK TO command is invoked on a SAVEPOINT that is a transaction 
** savepoint.
**
** When pSavepoint is not NULL (meaning a non-transaction savepoint is 
** being rolled back), then the rollback consists of up to three stages,
** performed in the order specified:
**
................................................................................
**
** If the current size of the database file is 0 but a journal file
** exists, that is probably an old journal left over from a prior
** database with the same name. In this case the journal file is
** just deleted using OsDelete, *pExists is set to 0 and SQLITE_OK
** is returned.
**
** This routine does not check if there is a master journal filename
** at the end of the file. If there is, and that master journal file
** does not exist, then the journal file is not really hot. In this
** case this routine will return a false-positive. The pager_playback()
** routine will discover that the journal file is not really hot and 
** will not roll it back. 
**
** If a hot-journal file is found to exist, *pExists is set to 1 and 
** SQLITE_OK returned. If no hot-journal file is present, *pExists is
................................................................................
    /* Write the first journal header to the journal file and open 
    ** the sub-journal if necessary.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* TODO: Check if all of these are really required. */
      pPager->nRec = 0;
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
      pPager->setMaster = 0;
      pPager->journalHdr = 0;
      rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
................................................................................
/*
** Sync the database file to disk. This is a no-op for in-memory databases
** or pages with the Pager.noSync flag set.
**
** If successful, or if called on a pager for which it is a no-op, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, an IO error code is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  void *pArg = (void*)zMaster;
  rc = sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC, pArg);
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pPager->noSync ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->syncFlags);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Sync the database file for the pager pPager. zMaster points to the name
** of a master journal file that should be written into the individual
** journal file. zMaster may be NULL, which is interpreted as no master
** journal (a single database transaction).
**
** This routine ensures that:
**
**   * The database file change-counter is updated,
**   * the journal is synced (unless the atomic-write optimization is used),
**   * all dirty pages are written to the database file, 
**   * the database file is truncated (if required), and
**   * the database file synced. 
**
** The only thing that remains to commit the transaction is to finalize 
** (delete, truncate or zero the first part of) the journal file (or 
** delete the master journal file if specified).
**
** Note that if zMaster==NULL, this does not overwrite a previous value
** passed to an sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne() call.
**
** If the final parameter - noSync - is true, then the database file itself
** is not synced. The caller must call sqlite3PagerSync() directly to
** sync the database file before calling CommitPhaseTwo() to delete the
** journal file in this case.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  const char *zMaster,            /* If not NULL, the master journal name */
  int noSync                      /* True to omit the xSync on the db file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
................................................................................

  /* If a prior error occurred, report that error again. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  /* Provide the ability to easily simulate an I/O error during testing */
  if( sqlite3FaultSim(400) ) return SQLITE_IOERR;

  PAGERTRACE(("DATABASE SYNC: File=%s zMaster=%s nSize=%d\n", 
      pPager->zFilename, zMaster, pPager->dbSize));

  /* If no database changes have been made, return early. */
  if( pPager->eState<PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD ) return SQLITE_OK;

  assert( MEMDB==0 || pPager->tempFile );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->tempFile );
  if( 0==pagerFlushOnCommit(pPager, 1) ){
................................................................................
    }else{
      /* The bBatch boolean is true if the batch-atomic-write commit method
      ** should be used.  No rollback journal is created if batch-atomic-write
      ** is enabled.
      */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
      sqlite3_file *fd = pPager->fd;
      int bBatch = zMaster==0    /* An SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC commit */
        && (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(fd) & SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
        && !pPager->noSync
        && sqlite3JournalIsInMemory(pPager->jfd);
#else
#     define bBatch 0
#endif

................................................................................
      */
      if( bBatch==0 ){
        PgHdr *pPg;
        assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
            || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
            );
        if( !zMaster && isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
         && pPager->journalOff==jrnlBufferSize(pPager) 
         && pPager->dbSize>=pPager->dbOrigSize
         && (!(pPg = sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache)) || 0==pPg->pDirty)
        ){
          /* Update the db file change counter via the direct-write method. The 
          ** following call will modify the in-memory representation of page 1 
          ** to include the updated change counter and then write page 1 
................................................................................
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = pager_incr_changecounter(pPager, 0);
          }
        }
      }
#else  /* SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
      if( zMaster ){
        rc = sqlite3JournalCreate(pPager->jfd);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
        assert( bBatch==0 );
      }
#endif
      rc = pager_incr_changecounter(pPager, 0);
#endif /* !SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE */
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* Write the master journal name into the journal file. If a master 
      ** journal file name has already been written to the journal file, 
      ** or if zMaster is NULL (no master journal), then this call is a no-op.
      */
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* Sync the journal file and write all dirty pages to the database.
      ** If the atomic-update optimization is being used, this sync will not 
      ** create the journal file or perform any real IO.
      **
      ** Because the change-counter page was just modified, unless the
................................................................................
        assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD );
        rc = pager_truncate(pPager, nNew);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
  
      /* Finally, sync the database file. */
      if( !noSync ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager, zMaster);
      }
      IOTRACE(("DBSYNC %p\n", pPager))
    }
  }

commit_phase_one_exit:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster, 1);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
** The pager falls back to PAGER_READER state if successful, or PAGER_ERROR
................................................................................
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR ) return pPager->errCode;
  if( pPager->eState<=PAGER_READER ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    int rc2;
    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pPager, SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, -1);
    rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setMaster, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }else if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
    int eState = pPager->eState;
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0, 0);
    if( !MEMDB && eState>PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      /* This can happen using journal_mode=off. Move the pager to the error 
      ** state to indicate that the contents of the cache may not be trusted.
................................................................................
** sharing the same database file, each connection has it own
** private Btree object for the file and each of those Btrees points
** to this one BtShared object.  BtShared.nRef is the number of
** connections currently sharing this database file.
**
** Fields in this structure are accessed under the BtShared.mutex
** mutex, except for nRef and pNext which are accessed under the
** global SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER mutex.  The pPager field
** may not be modified once it is initially set as long as nRef>0.
** The pSchema field may be set once under BtShared.mutex and
** thereafter is unchanged as long as nRef>0.
**
** isPending:
**
**   If a BtShared client fails to obtain a write-lock on a database
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
**
** Access to this variable is protected by SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE BtShared *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;
#else
static BtShared *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */
................................................................................

  /* Figure out the root-page that the lock should be held on. For table
  ** b-trees, this is just the root page of the b-tree being read or
  ** written. For index b-trees, it is the root page of the associated
  ** table.  */
  if( isIndex ){
    HashElem *p;

    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->idxHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      Index *pIdx = (Index *)sqliteHashData(p);
      if( pIdx->tnum==(int)iRoot ){
        if( iTab ){
          /* Two or more indexes share the same root page.  There must
          ** be imposter tables.  So just return true.  The assert is not
          ** useful in that case. */
          return 1;
        }
        iTab = pIdx->pTable->tnum;

      }
    }
  }else{
    iTab = iRoot;
  }

  /* Search for the required lock. Either a write-lock on root-page iTab, a 
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
  assert( p->db!=0 );

  /* A connection with the read-uncommitted flag set will never try to
  ** obtain a read-lock using this function. The only read-lock obtained
  ** by a connection in read-uncommitted mode is on the sqlite_master 
  ** table, and that lock is obtained in BtreeBeginTrans().  */
  assert( 0==(p->db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommit) || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );

  /* This function should only be called on a sharable b-tree after it 
  ** has been determined that no other b-tree holds a conflicting lock.  */
  assert( p->sharable );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, iTable, eLock) );
................................................................................
  Pgno iPtrmap;     /* The pointer map page number */
  int offset;       /* Offset in pointer map page */
  int rc;           /* Return code from subfunctions */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  /* The master-journal page number must never be used as a pointer map page */
  assert( 0==PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)) );

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( key==0 ){
    *pRC = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    return;
  }
................................................................................
    **
    ** Check to see if iFreeBlk should be coalesced onto the end of iStart.
    */
    if( iFreeBlk && iEnd+3>=iFreeBlk ){
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PAGE(pPage);
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);
      if( NEVER(iEnd > pPage->pBt->usableSize) ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PAGE(pPage);
      }
      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
................................................................................
            return rc;
          }
        }
      }
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
      mutexOpen = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexOpen);
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);
#endif
      for(pBt=GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList); pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
        assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
        if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager, 0))
                 && sqlite3PagerVfs(pBt->pPager)==pVfs ){
          int iDb;
................................................................................
   
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
    /* Add the new BtShared object to the linked list sharable BtShareds.
    */
    pBt->nRef = 1;
    if( p->sharable ){
      MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared; )
      MUTEX_LOGIC( mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);)
      if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
        pBt->mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
        if( pBt->mutex==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
          goto btree_open_out;
        }
      }
................................................................................
** Decrement the BtShared.nRef counter.  When it reaches zero,
** remove the BtShared structure from the sharing list.  Return
** true if the BtShared.nRef counter reaches zero and return
** false if it is still positive.
*/
static int removeFromSharingList(BtShared *pBt){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; )
  BtShared *pList;
  int removed = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pBt->mutex) );
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  pBt->nRef--;
  if( pBt->nRef<=0 ){
    if( GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList)==pBt ){
      GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList) = pBt->pNext;
    }else{
      pList = GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList);
      while( ALWAYS(pList) && pList->pNext!=pBt ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
    if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE ){
      sqlite3_mutex_free(pBt->mutex);
    }
    removed = 1;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMaster);
  return removed;
#else
  return 1;
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Any read-only or read-write transaction implies a read-lock on 
  ** page 1. So if some other shared-cache client already has a write-lock 
  ** on page 1, the transaction cannot be opened. */
  rc = querySharedCacheTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK);
  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ) goto trans_begun;

  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_INITIALLY_EMPTY;
  if( pBt->nPage==0 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_INITIALLY_EMPTY;
  do {
    sqlite3PagerWalDb(pPager, p->db);

................................................................................
** At the end of this call, the rollback journal still exists on the
** disk and we are still holding all locks, so the transaction has not
** committed.  See sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() for the second phase of the
** commit process.
**
** This call is a no-op if no write-transaction is currently active on pBt.
**
** Otherwise, sync the database file for the btree pBt. zMaster points to
** the name of a master journal file that should be written into the
** individual journal file, or is NULL, indicating no master journal file 
** (single database transaction).
**
** When this is called, the master journal should already have been
** created, populated with this journal pointer and synced to disk.
**
** Once this is routine has returned, the only thing required to commit
** the write-transaction for this database file is to delete the journal.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree *p, const char *zMaster){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt);
................................................................................
        return rc;
      }
    }
    if( pBt->bDoTruncate ){
      sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, pBt->nPage);
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBt->pPager, zMaster, 0);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
................................................................................
** drop locks.
**
** Normally, if an error occurs while the pager layer is attempting to 
** finalize the underlying journal file, this function returns an error and
** the upper layer will attempt a rollback. However, if the second argument
** is non-zero then this b-tree transaction is part of a multi-file 
** transaction. In this case, the transaction has already been committed 
** (by deleting a master journal file) and the caller will ignore this 
** functions return code. So, even if an error occurs in the pager layer,
** reset the b-tree objects internal state to indicate that the write
** transaction has been closed. This is quite safe, as the pager will have
** transitioned to the error state.
**
** This will release the write lock on the database file.  If there
** are no active cursors, it also releases the read lock.
................................................................................
** read it from this routine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK) );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 );
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );

  if( idx==BTREE_DATA_VERSION ){
    *pMeta = sqlite3PagerDataVersion(pBt->pPager) + p->iDataVersion;
  }else{
    *pMeta = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36 + idx*4]);
................................................................................
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return pBt->pSchema;
}

/*
** Return SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE if another user of the same shared 
** btree as the argument handle holds an exclusive lock on the 
** sqlite_master table. Otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  rc = querySharedCacheTableLock(p, MASTER_ROOT, READ_LOCK);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE );
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** A read or write transaction may or may not be active on database handle
** db. If a transaction is active, commit it. If there is a
** write-transaction spanning more than one database file, this routine
** takes care of the master journal trickery.
*/
static int vdbeCommit(sqlite3 *db, Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  int nTrans = 0;  /* Number of databases with an active write-transaction
                   ** that are candidates for a two-phase commit using a
                   ** master-journal */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int needXcommit = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* With this option, sqlite3VtabSync() is defined to be simply 
  ** SQLITE_OK so p is not used. 
  */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
#endif

  /* Before doing anything else, call the xSync() callback for any
  ** virtual module tables written in this transaction. This has to
  ** be done before determining whether a master journal file is 
  ** required, as an xSync() callback may add an attached database
  ** to the transaction.
  */
  rc = sqlite3VtabSync(db, p);

  /* This loop determines (a) if the commit hook should be invoked and
  ** (b) how many database files have open write transactions, not 
  ** including the temp database. (b) is important because if more than 
  ** one database file has an open write transaction, a master journal
  ** file is required for an atomic commit.
  */ 
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      /* Whether or not a database might need a master journal depends upon
      ** its journal mode (among other things).  This matrix determines which
      ** journal modes use a master journal and which do not */
      static const u8 aMJNeeded[] = {
        /* DELETE   */  1,
        /* PERSIST   */ 1,
        /* OFF       */ 0,
        /* TRUNCATE  */ 1,
        /* MEMORY    */ 0,
        /* WAL       */ 0
................................................................................
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK;
    }
  }

  /* The simple case - no more than one database file (not counting the
  ** TEMP database) has a transaction active.   There is no need for the
  ** master-journal.
  **
  ** If the return value of sqlite3BtreeGetFilename() is a zero length
  ** string, it means the main database is :memory: or a temp file.  In 
  ** that case we do not support atomic multi-file commits, so use the 
  ** simple case then too.
  */
  if( 0==sqlite3Strlen30(sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[0].pBt))
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3VtabCommit(db);
    }
  }

  /* The complex case - There is a multi-file write-transaction active.
  ** This requires a master journal file to ensure the transaction is
  ** committed atomically.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
  else{
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = db->pVfs;
    char *zMaster = 0;   /* File-name for the master journal */
    char const *zMainFile = sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[0].pBt);
    sqlite3_file *pMaster = 0;
    i64 offset = 0;
    int res;
    int retryCount = 0;
    int nMainFile;

    /* Select a master journal file name */
    nMainFile = sqlite3Strlen30(zMainFile);
    zMaster = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.4c%s%.16c", 0,zMainFile,0);
    if( zMaster==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    zMaster += 4;
    do {
      u32 iRandom;
      if( retryCount ){
        if( retryCount>100 ){
          sqlite3_log(SQLITE_FULL, "MJ delete: %s", zMaster);
          sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 0);
          break;
        }else if( retryCount==1 ){
          sqlite3_log(SQLITE_FULL, "MJ collide: %s", zMaster);
        }
      }
      retryCount++;
      sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(iRandom), &iRandom);
      sqlite3_snprintf(13, &zMaster[nMainFile], "-mj%06X9%02X",
                               (iRandom>>8)&0xffffff, iRandom&0xff);
      /* The antipenultimate character of the master journal name must
      ** be "9" to avoid name collisions when using 8+3 filenames. */
      assert( zMaster[sqlite3Strlen30(zMaster)-3]=='9' );
      sqlite3FileSuffix3(zMainFile, zMaster);
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zMaster, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &res);
    }while( rc==SQLITE_OK && res );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* Open the master journal. */
      rc = sqlite3OsOpenMalloc(pVfs, zMaster, &pMaster, 
          SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
          SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE|SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL, 0
      );
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster-4);
      return rc;
    }
 
    /* Write the name of each database file in the transaction into the new
    ** master journal file. If an error occurs at this point close
    ** and delete the master journal file. All the individual journal files
    ** still have 'null' as the master journal pointer, so they will roll
    ** back independently if a failure occurs.
    */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
        char const *zFile = sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(pBt);
        if( zFile==0 ){
          continue;  /* Ignore TEMP and :memory: databases */
        }
        assert( zFile[0]!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pMaster, zFile, sqlite3Strlen30(zFile)+1, offset);
        offset += sqlite3Strlen30(zFile)+1;
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
          sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 0);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster-4);
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Sync the master journal file. If the IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL device
    ** flag is set this is not required.
    */
    if( 0==(sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pMaster)&SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL)
     && SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsSync(pMaster, SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL))
    ){
      sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
      sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 0);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster-4);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync all the db files involved in the transaction. The same call
    ** sets the master journal pointer in each individual journal. If
    ** an error occurs here, do not delete the master journal file.
    **
    ** If the error occurs during the first call to
    ** sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(), then there is a chance that the
    ** master journal file will be orphaned. But we cannot delete it,
    ** in case the master journal file name was written into the journal
    ** file before the failure occurred.
    */
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(pBt, zMaster);
      }
    }
    sqlite3OsCloseFree(pMaster);
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster-4);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Delete the master journal file. This commits the transaction. After
    ** doing this the directory is synced again before any individual
    ** transaction files are deleted.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zMaster, 1);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zMaster-4);
    zMaster = 0;
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* All files and directories have already been synced, so the following
    ** calls to sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() are only closing files and
    ** deleting or truncating journals. If something goes wrong while
................................................................................
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( affinity>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      if( (flags1 | flags3)&MEM_Str ){
        if( (flags1 & (MEM_Int|MEM_IntReal|MEM_Real|MEM_Str))==MEM_Str ){
          applyNumericAffinity(pIn1,0);
          assert( flags3==pIn3->flags );
          flags3 = pIn3->flags;
        }
        if( (flags3 & (MEM_Int|MEM_IntReal|MEM_Real|MEM_Str))==MEM_Str ){
          applyNumericAffinity(pIn3,0);
        }
      }
      /* Handle the common case of integer comparison here, as an
................................................................................
      ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
      */
      if( (pCx->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo)!=0 ){
        assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBtx, (int*)&pCx->pgnoRoot,
                                     BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( pCx->pgnoRoot==MASTER_ROOT+1 );
          assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
          assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBtx, pCx->pgnoRoot, BTREE_WRCSR,
                                  pKeyInfo, pCx->uc.pCursor);
        }
        pCx->isTable = 0;
      }else{
        pCx->pgnoRoot = MASTER_ROOT;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBtx, MASTER_ROOT, BTREE_WRCSR,
                                0, pCx->uc.pCursor);
        pCx->isTable = 1;
      }
    }
    pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  }
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
................................................................................
  db->nSqlExec--;
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ParseSchema P1 * * P4 *
**
** Read and parse all entries from the SQLITE_MASTER table of database P1
** that match the WHERE clause P4.  If P4 is a NULL pointer, then the
** entire schema for P1 is reparsed.
**
** This opcode invokes the parser to create a new virtual machine,
** then runs the new virtual machine.  It is thus a re-entrant opcode.
*/
case OP_ParseSchema: {
  int iDb;
  const char *zMaster;
  char *zSql;
  InitData initData;

  /* Any prepared statement that invokes this opcode will hold mutexes
  ** on every btree.  This is a prerequisite for invoking 
  ** sqlite3InitCallback().
  */
................................................................................
    db->mDbFlags &= ~DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk;
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, iDb, &p->zErrMsg, INITFLAG_AlterTable);
    db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_SchemaChange;
    p->expired = 0;
  }else
#endif
  {
    zMaster = MASTER_NAME;
    initData.db = db;
    initData.iDb = iDb;
    initData.pzErrMsg = &p->zErrMsg;
    initData.mInitFlags = 0;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db,
       "SELECT*FROM\"%w\".%s WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, zMaster, pOp->p4.z);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }else{
      assert( db->init.busy==0 );
      db->init.busy = 1;
      initData.rc = SQLITE_OK;
      initData.nInitRow = 0;
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = initData.rc;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && initData.nInitRow==0 ){
        /* The OP_ParseSchema opcode with a non-NULL P4 argument should parse
        ** at least one SQL statement. Any less than that indicates that
        ** the sqlite_master table is corrupt. */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, zSql);
      db->init.busy = 0;
    }
  }
  if( rc ){
................................................................................
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating DEFAULT
** expressions in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5
** when parsing an existing schema out of the sqlite_master table and 4
** when processing a new CREATE TABLE statement.  A bound parameter raises
** an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_master tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->eCode is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
................................................................................
      }
      if( pWalker->eCode==3 && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.iCur ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_IF_NULL_ROW:
    case TK_REGISTER:

      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IF_NULL_ROW );

      pWalker->eCode = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->eCode==5 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_master table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->eCode==4 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
................................................................................
/*
** Walk an expression tree for the DEFAULT field of a column definition
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Return non-zero if the expression is 
** acceptable for use as a DEFAULT.  That is to say, return non-zero if
** the expression is constant or a function call with constant arguments.
** Return and 0 if there are any variables.
**
** isInit is true when parsing from sqlite_master.  isInit is false when
** processing a new CREATE TABLE statement.  When isInit is true, parameters
** (such as ? or $abc) in the expression are converted into NULL.  When
** isInit is false, parameters raise an error.  Parameters should not be
** allowed in a CREATE TABLE statement, but some legacy versions of SQLite
** allowed it, so we need to support it when reading sqlite_master for
** backwards compatibility.
**
** If isInit is true, set EP_FromDDL on every TK_FUNCTION node.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
................................................................................
** An instance of the following structure is used by the tree walker
** to count references to table columns in the arguments of an 
** aggregate function, in order to implement the
** sqlite3FunctionThisSrc() routine.
*/
struct SrcCount {
  SrcList *pSrc;   /* One particular FROM clause in a nested query */

  int nThis;       /* Number of references to columns in pSrcList */
  int nOther;      /* Number of references to columns in other FROM clauses */
};















/*
** Count the number of references to columns.
*/
static int exprSrcCount(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  /* There was once a NEVER() on the second term on the grounds that
  ** sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc() was always called before 
................................................................................
    SrcList *pSrc = p->pSrc;
    int nSrc = pSrc ? pSrc->nSrc : 0;
    for(i=0; i<nSrc; i++){
      if( pExpr->iTable==pSrc->a[i].iCursor ) break;
    }
    if( i<nSrc ){
      p->nThis++;
    }else if( nSrc==0 || pExpr->iTable<pSrc->a[0].iCursor ){
      /* In a well-formed parse tree (no name resolution errors),
      ** TK_COLUMN nodes with smaller Expr.iTable values are in an
      ** outer context.  Those are the only ones to count as "other" */
      p->nOther++;
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr *pExpr, SrcList *pSrcList){
  Walker w;
  struct SrcCount cnt;
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xExprCallback = exprSrcCount;
  w.xSelectCallback = sqlite3SelectWalkNoop;
  w.u.pSrcCount = &cnt;
  cnt.pSrc = pSrcList;

  cnt.nThis = 0;
  cnt.nOther = 0;
  sqlite3WalkExprList(&w, pExpr->x.pList);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pExpr->y.pWin->pFilter);
  }
................................................................................
    AggInfo *pAggInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
    int iAgg = pExpr->iAgg;
    Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
    if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
      assert( iAgg>=0 && iAgg<pAggInfo->nColumn );
      if( pAggInfo->aCol[iAgg].pExpr==pExpr ){
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( pExpr ){
          pAggInfo->aCol[iAgg].pExpr = pExpr;
          pParse->pConstExpr = 
             sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pParse->pConstExpr, pExpr);
        }
      }
    }else{
      assert( iAgg>=0 && iAgg<pAggInfo->nFunc );
      if( pAggInfo->aFunc[iAgg].pExpr==pExpr ){
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( pExpr ){
          pAggInfo->aFunc[iAgg].pExpr = pExpr;
          pParse->pConstExpr = 
             sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pParse->pConstExpr, pExpr);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
................................................................................
            ){
              pCol = &pAggInfo->aCol[k];
              pCol->pTab = pExpr->y.pTab;
              pCol->iTable = pExpr->iTable;
              pCol->iColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
              pCol->iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
              pCol->iSorterColumn = -1;
              pCol->pExpr = pExpr;
              if( pAggInfo->pGroupBy ){
                int j, n;
                ExprList *pGB = pAggInfo->pGroupBy;
                struct ExprList_item *pTerm = pGB->a;
                n = pGB->nExpr;
                for(j=0; j<n; j++, pTerm++){
                  Expr *pE = pTerm->pExpr;
................................................................................
       && pWalker->walkerDepth==pExpr->op2
      ){
        /* Check to see if pExpr is a duplicate of another aggregate 
        ** function that is already in the pAggInfo structure
        */
        struct AggInfo_func *pItem = pAggInfo->aFunc;
        for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pItem++){
          if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pItem->pExpr, pExpr, -1)==0 ){
            break;
          }
        }
        if( i>=pAggInfo->nFunc ){
          /* pExpr is original.  Make a new entry in pAggInfo->aFunc[]
          */
          u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);
          i = addAggInfoFunc(pParse->db, pAggInfo);
          if( i>=0 ){
            assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
            pItem = &pAggInfo->aFunc[i];
            pItem->pExpr = pExpr;
            pItem->iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
            assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
            pItem->pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db,
                   pExpr->u.zToken, 
                   pExpr->x.pList ? pExpr->x.pList->nExpr : 0, enc, 0);
            if( pExpr->flags & EP_Distinct ){
              pItem->iDistinct = pParse->nTab++;
................................................................................
** called at the end of the generation of an ALTER TABLE ... RENAME ...
** statement to ensure that the operation has not rendered any schema
** objects unusable.
*/
static void renameTestSchema(Parse *pParse, const char *zDb, int bTemp){
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "SELECT 1 "
      "FROM \"%w\".%s "
      "WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X'"
      " AND sql NOT LIKE 'create virtual%%'"
      " AND sqlite_rename_test(%Q, sql, type, name, %d)=NULL ",
      zDb, MASTER_NAME, 
      zDb, bTemp
  );

  if( bTemp==0 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "SELECT 1 "
        "FROM temp.%s "
        "WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X'"
        " AND sql NOT LIKE 'create virtual%%'"
        " AND sqlite_rename_test(%Q, sql, type, name, 1)=NULL ",
        MASTER_NAME, zDb 
    );
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to reload the schema for database iDb. And, if iDb!=1, for
** the temp database as well.
................................................................................
  /* figure out how many UTF-8 characters are in zName */
  zTabName = pTab->zName;
  nTabName = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zTabName, -1);

  /* Rewrite all CREATE TABLE, INDEX, TRIGGER or VIEW statements in
  ** the schema to use the new table name.  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
      "sql = sqlite_rename_table(%Q, type, name, sql, %Q, %Q, %d) "
      "WHERE (type!='index' OR tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase)"
      "AND   name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X'"
      , zDb, MASTER_NAME, zDb, zTabName, zName, (iDb==1), zTabName
  );

  /* Update the tbl_name and name columns of the sqlite_master table
  ** as required.  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s SET "
          "tbl_name = %Q, "
          "name = CASE "
            "WHEN type='table' THEN %Q "
            "WHEN name LIKE 'sqliteX_autoindex%%' ESCAPE 'X' "
            "     AND type='index' THEN "
             "'sqlite_autoindex_' || %Q || substr(name,%d+18) "
            "ELSE name END "
      "WHERE tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase AND "
          "(type='table' OR type='index' OR type='trigger');", 
      zDb, MASTER_NAME, 
      zName, zName, zName, 
      nTabName, zTabName
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  /* If the sqlite_sequence table exists in this database, then update 
  ** it with the new table name.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If the table being renamed is not itself part of the temp database,
  ** edit view and trigger definitions within the temp database 
  ** as required.  */
  if( iDb!=1 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE sqlite_temp_master SET "
            "sql = sqlite_rename_table(%Q, type, name, sql, %Q, %Q, 1), "
            "tbl_name = "
              "CASE WHEN tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase AND "
              "          sqlite_rename_test(%Q, sql, type, name, 1) "
              "THEN %Q ELSE tbl_name END "
            "WHERE type IN ('view', 'trigger')"
        , zDb, zTabName, zName, zTabName, zDb, zName);
................................................................................
    char *zEnd = &zCol[pColDef->n-1];
    u32 savedDbFlags = db->mDbFlags;
    while( zEnd>zCol && (*zEnd==';' || sqlite3Isspace(*zEnd)) ){
      *zEnd-- = '\0';
    }
    db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_PreferBuiltin;
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, MASTER_NAME, pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
    db->mDbFlags = savedDbFlags;
  }

  /* Make sure the schema version is at least 3.  But do not upgrade
................................................................................
  if( iCol==pTab->nCol ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such column: \"%s\"", zOld);
    goto exit_rename_column;
  }

  /* Do the rename operation using a recursive UPDATE statement that
  ** uses the sqlite_rename_column() SQL function to compute the new
  ** CREATE statement text for the sqlite_master table.
  */
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  zNew = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pNew);
  if( !zNew ) goto exit_rename_column;
  assert( pNew->n>0 );
  bQuote = sqlite3Isquote(pNew->z[0]);
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "UPDATE \"%w\".%s SET "
      "sql = sqlite_rename_column(sql, type, name, %Q, %Q, %d, %Q, %d, %d) "
      "WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X' "
      " AND (type != 'index' OR tbl_name = %Q)"
      " AND sql NOT LIKE 'create virtual%%'",
      zDb, MASTER_NAME, 
      zDb, pTab->zName, iCol, zNew, bQuote, iSchema==1,
      pTab->zName
  );

  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "UPDATE temp.%s SET "
      "sql = sqlite_rename_column(sql, type, name, %Q, %Q, %d, %Q, %d, 1) "
      "WHERE type IN ('trigger', 'view')",
      MASTER_NAME, 
      zDb, pTab->zName, iCol, zNew, bQuote
  );

  /* Drop and reload the database schema. */
  renameReloadSchema(pParse, iSchema);
  renameTestSchema(pParse, zDb, iSchema==1);

................................................................................
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
** and finalization steps are omitted because those are handling by the
** outermost parser.
**
** Not everything is nestable.  This facility is designed to permit
** INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE operations against SQLITE_MASTER.  Use
** care if you decide to try to use this routine for some other purposes.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse *pParse, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDatabase,"main")==0 ){
        i = 0;
      }else{
        return 0;
      }
    }
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash, zName);



    if( p==0 && i==1 && sqlite3StrICmp(zName, MASTER_NAME)==0 ){
      /* All temp.sqlite_master to be an alias for sqlite_temp_master */


      p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[1].pSchema->tblHash, TEMP_MASTER_NAME);








    }
  }else{
    /* Match against TEMP first */
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[1].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
    if( p ) return p;
    /* The main database is second */
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[0].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
    if( p ) return p;
    /* Attached databases are in order of attachment */
    for(i=2; i<db->nDb; i++){
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
      if( p ) break;








    }
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Locate the in-memory structure that describes a particular database
................................................................................
  }else{
    zName = 0;
  }
  return zName;
}

/*
** Open the sqlite_master table stored in database number iDb for
** writing. The table is opened using cursor 0.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *p, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, MASTER_ROOT, 1, MASTER_NAME);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, 0, MASTER_ROOT, iDb, 5);
  if( p->nTab==0 ){
    p->nTab = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Parameter zName points to a nul-terminated buffer containing the name
................................................................................
/*
** This routine is used to check if the UTF-8 string zName is a legal
** unqualified name for a new schema object (table, index, view or
** trigger). All names are legal except those that begin with the string
** "sqlite_" (in upper, lower or mixed case). This portion of the namespace
** is reserved for internal use.
**
** When parsing the sqlite_master table, this routine also checks to
** make sure the "type", "name", and "tbl_name" columns are consistent
** with the SQL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckObjectName(
  Parse *pParse,            /* Parsing context */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the object to check */
  const char *zType,        /* Type of this object */
................................................................................
  char *zName = 0; /* The name of the new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v;
  int iDb;         /* Database number to create the table in */
  Token *pName;    /* Unqualified name of the table to create */

  if( db->init.busy && db->init.newTnum==1 ){
    /* Special case:  Parsing the sqlite_master or sqlite_temp_master schema */
    iDb = db->init.iDb;
    zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb));
    pName = pName1;
  }else{
    /* The common case */
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
    if( iDb<0 ) return;
................................................................................
  if( !pParse->nested && strcmp(zName, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    pTable->pSchema->pSeqTab = pTable;
  }
#endif

  /* Begin generating the code that will insert the table record into
  ** the SQLITE_MASTER table.  Note in particular that we must go ahead
  ** and allocate the record number for the table entry now.  Before any
  ** PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE keywords are parsed.  Those keywords will cause
  ** indices to be created and the table record must come before the 
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
................................................................................
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, reg3); VdbeCoverage(v);
    fileFormat = (db->flags & SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt)!=0 ?
                  1 : SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, fileFormat);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING, ENC(db));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

    /* This just creates a place-holder record in the sqlite_master table.
    ** The record created does not contain anything yet.  It will be replaced
    ** by the real entry in code generated at sqlite3EndTable().
    **
    ** The rowid for the new entry is left in register pParse->regRowid.
    ** The root page number of the new table is left in reg pParse->regRoot.
    ** The rowid and root page number values are needed by the code that
    ** sqlite3EndTable will generate.
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, reg2);
    }else
#endif
    {
      pParse->addrCrTab =
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_CreateBtree, iDb, reg2, BTREE_INTKEY);
    }
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, 6, reg3, 0, nullRow, P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, reg3, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }

................................................................................
** internal schema data structures and the generated VDBE code so that they
** are appropriate for a WITHOUT ROWID table instead of a rowid table.
** Changes include:
**
**     (1)  Set all columns of the PRIMARY KEY schema object to be NOT NULL.
**     (2)  Convert P3 parameter of the OP_CreateBtree from BTREE_INTKEY 
**          into BTREE_BLOBKEY.
**     (3)  Bypass the creation of the sqlite_master table entry
**          for the PRIMARY KEY as the primary key index is now
**          identified by the sqlite_master table entry of the table itself.
**     (4)  Set the Index.tnum of the PRIMARY KEY Index object in the
**          schema to the rootpage from the main table.
**     (5)  Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY Index object
**          so that the PRIMARY KEY is a covering index.  The surplus
**          columns are part of KeyInfo.nAllField and are not used for
**          sorting or lookup or uniqueness checks.
**     (6)  Replace the rowid tail on all automatically generated UNIQUE
................................................................................
    pPk->nKeyCol = j;
  }
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  if( !db->init.imposterTable ) pPk->uniqNotNull = 1;
  nPk = pPk->nColumn = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_master
  ** table entry. This is only required if currently generating VDBE
  ** code for a CREATE TABLE (not when parsing one as part of reading
  ** a database schema).  */
  if( v && pPk->tnum>0 ){
    assert( db->init.busy==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(v, pPk->tnum, OP_Goto);
  }
................................................................................
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
** occurred.
**
** An entry for the table is made in the master table on disk, unless
** this is a temporary table or db->init.busy==1.  When db->init.busy==1
** it means we are reading the sqlite_master table because we just
** connected to the database or because the sqlite_master table has
** recently changed, so the entry for this table already exists in
** the sqlite_master table.  We do not want to create it again.
**
** If the pSelect argument is not NULL, it means that this routine
** was called to create a table generated from a 
** "CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT ..." statement.  The column names of
** the new table will match the result set of the SELECT.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(
................................................................................
  if( p==0 ) return;

  if( pSelect==0 && sqlite3ShadowTableName(db, p->zName) ){
    p->tabFlags |= TF_Shadow;
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  **
  ** If the root page number is 1, that means this is the sqlite_master
  ** table itself.  So mark it read-only.
  */
  if( db->init.busy ){
    if( pSelect ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "");
      return;
    }
................................................................................
  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

  /* If not initializing, then create a record for the new table
  ** in the SQLITE_MASTER table of the database.
  **
  ** If this is a TEMPORARY table, write the entry into the auxiliary
  ** file instead of into the main database file.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    int n;
    Vdbe *v;
................................................................................
      if( pEnd2->z[0]!=';' ) n += pEnd2->n;
      zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
          "CREATE %s %.*s", zType2, n, pParse->sNameToken.z
      );
    }

    /* A slot for the record has already been allocated in the 
    ** SQLITE_MASTER table.  We just need to update that slot with all
    ** the information we've collected.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s "
         "SET type='%s', name=%Q, tbl_name=%Q, rootpage=#%d, sql=%Q "
       "WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME,
      zType,
      p->zName,
      p->zName,
      pParse->regRoot,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
................................................................................
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  assert( n>0 );
  z = pBegin->z;
  while( sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0, 0);

create_view_fail:
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  if( IN_RENAME_OBJECT ){
    sqlite3RenameExprlistUnmap(pParse, pCNames);
  }
................................................................................
    }
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Write code to erase the table with root-page iTable from database iDb.
** Also write code to modify the sqlite_master table and internal schema
** if a root-page of another table is moved by the btree-layer whilst
** erasing iTable (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/ 
static void destroyRootPage(Parse *pParse, int iTable, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( iTable<2 ) sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "corrupt schema");
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Destroy, iTable, r1, iDb);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* OP_Destroy stores an in integer r1. If this integer
  ** is non-zero, then it is the root page number of a table moved to
  ** location iTable. The following code modifies the sqlite_master table to
  ** reflect this.
  **
  ** The "#NNN" in the SQL is a special constant that means whatever value
  ** is in register NNN.  See grammar rules associated with the TK_REGISTER
  ** token for additional information.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 

     "UPDATE %Q.%s SET rootpage=%d WHERE #%d AND rootpage=#%d",
     pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, iTable, r1, r1);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_master tables and internal schema definitions
** in case a root-page belonging to another table is moved by the btree layer
** is also added (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/
static void destroyTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  /* If the database may be auto-vacuum capable (if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  ** is not defined), then it is important to call OP_Destroy on the
  ** table and index root-pages in order, starting with the numerically 
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
  ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
  ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
  */
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
  while( pTrigger ){
    assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
        pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
    sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
    pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
................................................................................
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zDbSName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled separately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 

      "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
................................................................................
  }
  if( !isView && pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "use DROP VIEW to delete view %s", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);
................................................................................
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
       && db->init.busy==0
       && pTblName!=0
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
       && sqlite3UserAuthTable(pTab->zName)==0
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ALLOW_SQLITE_MASTER_INDEX
       && sqlite3StrICmp(&pTab->zName[7],"master")!=0
#endif
 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be indexed", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "views may not be indexed");
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
#endif

  /*
  ** Find the name of the index.  Make sure there is not already another
  ** index or table with the same name.  
  **
  ** Exception:  If we are reading the names of permanent indices from the
  ** sqlite_master table (because some other process changed the schema) and
  ** one of the index names collides with the name of a temporary table or
  ** index, then we will continue to process this index.
  **
  ** If pName==0 it means that we are
  ** dealing with a primary key or UNIQUE constraint.  We have to invent our
  ** own name.
  */
................................................................................
      }
      db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_SchemaChange;
    }

    /* If this is the initial CREATE INDEX statement (or CREATE TABLE if the
    ** index is an implied index for a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint) then
    ** emit code to allocate the index rootpage on disk and make an entry for
    ** the index in the sqlite_master table and populate the index with
    ** content.  But, do not do this if we are simply reading the sqlite_master
    ** table to parse the schema, or if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table.
    **
    ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as an implied PRIMARY KEY
    ** or UNIQUE index in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
    ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
    ** step can be skipped.
................................................................................
            onError==OE_None ? "" : " UNIQUE", n, pName->z);
      }else{
        /* An automatic index created by a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint */
        /* zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(""); */
        zStmt = 0;
      }

      /* Add an entry in sqlite_master for this index
      */
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
          "INSERT INTO %Q.%s VALUES('index',%Q,%Q,#%d,%Q);",
          db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME,
          pIndex->zName,
          pTab->zName,
          iMem,
          zStmt
          );
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);

................................................................................
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb ) code = SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, code, pIndex->zName, pTab->zName, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_index;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the index and from the master table */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, pIndex->zName
    );
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "idx", pIndex->zName);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

................................................................................
/* Return true if table pTab is read-only.
**
** A table is read-only if any of the following are true:
**
**   1) It is a virtual table and no implementation of the xUpdate method
**      has been provided
**
**   2) It is a system table (i.e. sqlite_master), this call is not
**      part of a nested parse and writable_schema pragma has not 
**      been specified
**
**   3) The table is a shadow table, the database connection is in
**      defensive mode, and the current sqlite3_prepare()
**      is for a top-level SQL statement.
*/
................................................................................
  */
  pItem = pSelect->pSrc->a;
  pSrc = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pItem);
  if( pSrc==0 ){
    return 0;   /* FROM clause does not contain a real table */
  }
  if( pSrc->tnum==pDest->tnum && pSrc->pSchema==pDest->pSchema ){
    testcase( pSrc!=pDest ); /* Possible due to bad sqlite_master.rootpage */
    return 0;   /* tab1 and tab2 may not be the same table */
  }
  if( HasRowid(pDest)!=HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    return 0;   /* source and destination must both be WITHOUT ROWID or not */
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pSrc) ){
................................................................................

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION) */

/*
** The following object holds the list of automatically loaded
** extensions.
**
** This list is shared across threads.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** mutex must be held while accessing this list.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3AutoExtList sqlite3AutoExtList;
static SQLITE_WSD struct sqlite3AutoExtList {
  u32 nExt;              /* Number of entries in aExt[] */          
  void (**aExt)(void);   /* Pointers to the extension init functions */
} sqlite3Autoext = { 0, 0 };
................................................................................
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }else
#endif
  {
    u32 i;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
    wsdAutoextInit;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
    for(i=0; i<wsdAutoext.nExt; i++){
      if( wsdAutoext.aExt[i]==xInit ) break;
    }
    if( i==wsdAutoext.nExt ){
................................................................................
** Return 1 if xInit was found on the list and removed.  Return 0 if xInit
** was not on the list.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(
  void (*xInit)(void)
){
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  int i;
  int n = 0;
  wsdAutoextInit;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  for(i=(int)wsdAutoext.nExt-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( wsdAutoext.aExt[i]==xInit ){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize()==SQLITE_OK )
#endif
  {
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
    wsdAutoextInit;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
    sqlite3_free(wsdAutoext.aExt);
    wsdAutoext.aExt = 0;
    wsdAutoext.nExt = 0;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
................................................................................
  if( wsdAutoext.nExt==0 ){
    /* Common case: early out without every having to acquire a mutex */
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; go; i++){
    char *zErrmsg;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    const sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk = 0;
#else
    const sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk = &sqlite3Apis;
#endif
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
  int size;
#endif
  Db *pDb;
  char const *azArg[6];
  int meta[5];
  InitData initData;
  const char *zMasterName;
  int openedTransaction = 0;
  int mask = ((db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_EncodingFixed) | ~DBFLAG_EncodingFixed);

  assert( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk)==0 );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( iDb==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  db->init.busy = 1;

  /* Construct the in-memory representation schema tables (sqlite_master or
  ** sqlite_temp_master) by invoking the parser directly.  The appropriate
  ** table name will be inserted automatically by the parser so we can just
  ** use the abbreviation "x" here.  The parser will also automatically tag
  ** the schema table as read-only. */
  azArg[0] = "table";
  azArg[1] = zMasterName = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
  azArg[2] = azArg[1];
  azArg[3] = "1";
  azArg[4] = "CREATE TABLE x(type text,name text,tbl_name text,"
                            "rootpage int,sql text)";
  azArg[5] = 0;
  initData.db = db;
  initData.iDb = iDb;
................................................................................
  /* Read the schema information out of the schema tables
  */
  assert( db->init.busy );
  {
    char *zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT*FROM\"%w\".%s ORDER BY rowid",
        db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, zMasterName);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
    {
      sqlite3_xauth xAuth;
      xAuth = db->xAuth;
      db->xAuth = 0;
#endif
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK || (db->flags&SQLITE_NoSchemaError)){
    /* Black magic: If the SQLITE_NoSchemaError flag is set, then consider
    ** the schema loaded, even if errors occurred. In this situation the 
    ** current sqlite3_prepare() operation will fail, but the following one
    ** will attempt to compile the supplied statement against whatever subset
    ** of the schema was loaded before the error occurred. The primary
    ** purpose of this is to allow access to the sqlite_master table
    ** even when its contents have been corrupted.
    */
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_SchemaLoaded);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Jump here for an error that occurs after successfully allocating
................................................................................


/*
** Rerun the compilation of a statement after a schema change.
**
** If the statement is successfully recompiled, return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise,
** if the statement cannot be recompiled because another connection has
** locked the sqlite3_master table, return SQLITE_LOCKED. If any other error
** occurs, return SQLITE_SCHEMA.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe *p){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *pNew;
  const char *zSql;
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
*/
/* #include "sqliteInt.h" */

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
/***/ int sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%u/%d/%p: ",(S)->selId,(P)->addrExplain,(S)),\
    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
#endif


/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** how to process the DISTINCT keyword, to simplify passing that information
** into the selectInnerLoop() routine.
*/
typedef struct DistinctCtx DistinctCtx;
................................................................................
        pLimit = p->pLimit;
        p->pLimit = 0;
        uniondest.eDest = op;
        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "%s USING TEMP B-TREE",
                          selectOpName(p->op)));
        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
        testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
        /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
        ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
        pDelete = p->pPrior;
        p->pPrior = pPrior;
        p->pOrderBy = 0;
        if( p->op==TK_UNION ){
          p->nSelectRow = sqlite3LogEstAdd(p->nSelectRow, pPrior->nSelectRow);
        }
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
................................................................................
    **   SELECT a+5, b*10 FROM (SELECT x*3 AS a, y+10 AS b FROM t1) WHERE a>b;
    **   \                     \_____________ subquery __________/          /
    **    \_____________________ outer query ______________________________/
    **
    ** We look at every expression in the outer query and every place we see
    ** "a" we substitute "x*3" and every place we see "b" we substitute "y+10".
    */
    if( pSub->pOrderBy ){
      /* At this point, any non-zero iOrderByCol values indicate that the
      ** ORDER BY column expression is identical to the iOrderByCol'th
      ** expression returned by SELECT statement pSub. Since these values
      ** do not necessarily correspond to columns in SELECT statement pParent,
      ** zero them before transfering the ORDER BY clause.
      **
      ** Not doing this may cause an error if a subsequent call to this
................................................................................
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = pSub->pWhere;
    pSub->pWhere = 0;
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      sqlite3SetJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }




    pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);


    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor,          /* Cursor number of the subquery */
  int isLeftJoin        /* True if pSubq is the right term of a LEFT JOIN */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;

  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;
  if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Recursive ) return 0;  /* restriction (2) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC

  if( pSubq->pWin ) return 0;    /* restriction (6) */

#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Only the first term of a compound can have a WITH clause.  But make
  ** sure no other terms are marked SF_Recursive in case something changes
  ** in the future.
  */
................................................................................
  Token dummy;

  if( p->pPrior==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  if( p->pOrderBy==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  for(pX=p; pX && (pX->op==TK_ALL || pX->op==TK_SELECT); pX=pX->pPrior){}
  if( pX==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  a = p->pOrderBy->a;








  for(i=p->pOrderBy->nExpr-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( a[i].pExpr->flags & EP_Collate ) break;
  }
  if( i<0 ) return WRC_Continue;

  /* If we reach this point, that means the transformation is required. */

................................................................................
    assert( pAggInfo->aFunc[i].iMem>=pAggInfo->mnReg
         && pAggInfo->aFunc[i].iMem<=pAggInfo->mxReg );
  }
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, pAggInfo->mnReg, pAggInfo->mxReg);
  for(pFunc=pAggInfo->aFunc, i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pFunc++){
    if( pFunc->iDistinct>=0 ){
      Expr *pE = pFunc->pExpr;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_xIsSelect) );
      if( pE->x.pList==0 || pE->x.pList->nExpr!=1 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "DISTINCT aggregates must have exactly one "
           "argument");
        pFunc->iDistinct = -1;
      }else{
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pE->x.pList,0,0);
................................................................................
** in the AggInfo structure.
*/
static void finalizeAggFunctions(Parse *pParse, AggInfo *pAggInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  struct AggInfo_func *pF;
  for(i=0, pF=pAggInfo->aFunc; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pF++){
    ExprList *pList = pF->pExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AggFinal, pF->iMem, pList ? pList->nExpr : 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
  }
}


/*
................................................................................
  struct AggInfo_col *pC;

  pAggInfo->directMode = 1;
  for(i=0, pF=pAggInfo->aFunc; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pF++){
    int nArg;
    int addrNext = 0;
    int regAgg;
    ExprList *pList = pF->pExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    assert( !IsWindowFunc(pF->pExpr) );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
      Expr *pFilter = pF->pExpr->y.pWin->pFilter;
      if( pAggInfo->nAccumulator 
       && (pF->pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL) 
      ){
        if( regHit==0 ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
        /* If this is the first row of the group (regAcc==0), clear the
        ** "magnet" register regHit so that the accumulator registers
        ** are populated if the FILTER clause jumps over the the 
................................................................................
  if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ){
    regHit = regAcc;
  }
  if( regHit ){
    addrHitTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, regHit); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  for(i=0, pC=pAggInfo->aCol; i<pAggInfo->nAccumulator; i++, pC++){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pC->pExpr, pC->iMem);
  }

  pAggInfo->directMode = 0;
  if( addrHitTest ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHereOrPopInst(v, addrHitTest);
  }
}
................................................................................
           pDest->eDest==SRT_Queue  || pDest->eDest==SRT_DistFifo ||
           pDest->eDest==SRT_DistQueue || pDest->eDest==SRT_Fifo);
    /* If ORDER BY makes no difference in the output then neither does
    ** DISTINCT so it can be removed too. */
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;

  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  assert( p->pEList!=0 );
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC */
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
  memset(&sSort, 0, sizeof(sSort));
  sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;

  /* Try to various optimizations (flattening subqueries, and strength
  ** reduction of join operators) in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;






    /* Convert LEFT JOIN into JOIN if there are terms of the right table
    ** of the LEFT JOIN used in the WHERE clause.
    */
    if( (pItem->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0
     && sqlite3ExprImpliesNonNullRow(p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SimplifyJoin)
................................................................................
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    u16 wctrlFlags = (sDistinct.isTnct ? WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT : 0)
                   | (p->selFlags & SF_FixedLimit);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
    Window *pWin = p->pWin;      /* Master window object (or NULL) */
    if( pWin ){
      sqlite3WindowCodeInit(pParse, p);
    }
#endif
    assert( WHERE_USE_LIMIT==SF_FixedLimit );


................................................................................
    */
    pAggInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pAggInfo) );
    if( pAggInfo==0 ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pAggInfo->pNext = pParse->pAggList;
    pParse->pAggList = pAggInfo;

    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
    sNC.uNC.pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
    VVA_ONLY( sNC.ncFlags = NC_UAggInfo; )
    pAggInfo->mnReg = pParse->nMem+1;
    pAggInfo->nSortingColumn = pGroupBy ? pGroupBy->nExpr : 0;
................................................................................
        havingToWhere(pParse, p);
        pWhere = p->pWhere;
      }
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pHaving);
    }
    pAggInfo->nAccumulator = pAggInfo->nColumn;
    if( p->pGroupBy==0 && p->pHaving==0 && pAggInfo->nFunc==1 ){
      minMaxFlag = minMaxQuery(db, pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pExpr, &pMinMaxOrderBy);
    }else{
      minMaxFlag = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++){
      Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pExpr;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.ncFlags |= NC_InAggFunc;
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pExpr->x.pList);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
      assert( !IsWindowFunc(pExpr) );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
        sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pExpr->y.pWin->pFilter);
................................................................................
    if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x400 ){
      int ii;
      SELECTTRACE(0x400,pParse,p,("After aggregate analysis %p:\n", pAggInfo));
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      for(ii=0; ii<pAggInfo->nColumn; ii++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("agg-column[%d] iMem=%d\n",
            ii, pAggInfo->aCol[ii].iMem);
        sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pAggInfo->aCol[ii].pExpr, 0);
      }
      for(ii=0; ii<pAggInfo->nFunc; ii++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("agg-func[%d]: iMem=%d\n",
            ii, pAggInfo->aFunc[ii].iMem);
        sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pAggInfo->aFunc[ii].pExpr, 0);
      }
    }
#endif


    /* Processing for aggregates with GROUP BY is very different and
    ** much more complex than aggregates without a GROUP BY.
................................................................................
        ** that the accumulator registers are (a) updated only once if
        ** there are no min() or max functions or (b) always updated for the
        ** first row visited by the aggregate, so that they are updated at
        ** least once even if the FILTER clause means the min() or max() 
        ** function visits zero rows.  */
        if( pAggInfo->nAccumulator ){
          for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++){
            if( ExprHasProperty(pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
              continue;
            }
            if( pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pFunc->funcFlags&SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
              break;
            }
          }
          if( i==pAggInfo->nFunc ){
................................................................................

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pMinMaxOrderBy);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pAggInfo ){
    for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nColumn; i++){
      Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aCol[i].pExpr;
      assert( pExpr!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
      if( pExpr==0 ) continue;
      assert( pExpr->pAggInfo==pAggInfo );
      assert( pExpr->iAgg==i );
    }
    for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++){
      Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pExpr;
      assert( pExpr!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
      if( pExpr==0 ) continue;
      assert( pExpr->pAggInfo==pAggInfo );
      assert( pExpr->iAgg==i );
    }
  }
#endif
................................................................................

  /* A long-standing parser bug is that this syntax was allowed:
  **
  **    CREATE TRIGGER attached.demo AFTER INSERT ON attached.tab ....
  **                                                 ^^^^^^^^
  **
  ** To maintain backwards compatibility, ignore the database
  ** name on pTableName if we are reparsing out of SQLITE_MASTER.
  */
  if( db->init.busy && iDb!=1 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTableName->a[0].zDatabase);
    pTableName->a[0].zDatabase = 0;
  }

  /* If the trigger name was unqualified, and the table is a temp table,
................................................................................
    assert( !db->init.busy );
    pParse->pNewTrigger = pTrig;
    pTrig = 0;
  }else
#endif

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_master entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    Vdbe *v;
    char *z;

    /* Make an entry in the sqlite_master table */
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pAll->z, pAll->n);
    testcase( z==0 );
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,

       "INSERT INTO %Q.%s VALUES('trigger',%Q,%Q,0,'CREATE TRIGGER %q')",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, zName,
       pTrig->table, z);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(v, iDb,
        sqlite3MPrintf(db, "type='trigger' AND name='%q'", zName));
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code to destroy the database record of the trigger.
  */
  if( (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE name=%Q AND type='trigger'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME, pTrigger->zName
    );
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTrigger, iDb, 0, 0, pTrigger->zName, 0);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** If the former, then all row-records are guaranteed to include a value
** for the column and the P4 value is not required.
**
** Column definitions created by an ALTER TABLE command may only have 
** literal default values specified: a number, null or a string. (If a more
** complicated default expression value was provided, it is evaluated 
** when the ALTER TABLE is executed and one of the literal values written
** into the sqlite_master table.)
**
** Therefore, the P4 parameter is only required if the default value for
** the column is a literal number, string or null. The sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
** function is capable of transforming these types of expressions into
** sqlite3_value objects.
**
** If column as REAL affinity and the table is an ordinary b-tree table
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  while( SQLITE_ROW==(rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt)) ){
    const char *zSubSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
    assert( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql,"SELECT",6)==0 );
    /* The secondary SQL must be one of CREATE TABLE, CREATE INDEX,
    ** or INSERT.  Historically there have been attacks that first
    ** corrupt the sqlite_master.sql field with other kinds of statements
    ** then run VACUUM to get those statements to execute at inappropriate
    ** times. */
    if( zSubSql
     && (strncmp(zSubSql,"CRE",3)==0 || strncmp(zSubSql,"INS",3)==0)
    ){
      rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, zSubSql);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Query the schema of the main database. Create a mirror schema
  ** in the temporary database.
  */
  db->init.iDb = nDb; /* force new CREATE statements into vacuum_db */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type='table'AND name<>'sqlite_sequence'"
      " AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type='index'",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  db->init.iDb = 0;

  /* Loop through the tables in the main database. For each, do
  ** an "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.xxx SELECT * FROM main.xxx;" to copy
  ** the contents to the temporary database.
  */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT'INSERT INTO vacuum_db.'||quote(name)"
      "||' SELECT*FROM\"%w\".'||quote(name)"
      "FROM vacuum_db.sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type='table'AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
      zDbMain
  );
  assert( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_Vacuum)!=0 );
  db->mDbFlags &= ~DBFLAG_Vacuum;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Copy the triggers, views, and virtual tables from the main database
  ** over to the temporary database.  None of these objects has any
  ** associated storage, so all we have to do is copy their entries
  ** from the SQLITE_MASTER table.
  */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.sqlite_master"
      " SELECT*FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
      " WHERE type IN('view','trigger')"
      " OR(type='table'AND rootpage=0)",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* At this point, there is a write transaction open on both the 
................................................................................
  pParse->sNameToken.n = (int)(
      &pModuleName->z[pModuleName->n] - pParse->sNameToken.z
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Creating a virtual table invokes the authorization callback twice.
  ** The first invocation, to obtain permission to INSERT a row into the
  ** sqlite_master table, has already been made by sqlite3StartTable().
  ** The second call, to obtain permission to create the table, is made now.
  */
  if( pTable->azModuleArg ){
    int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTable->pSchema);
    assert( iDb>=0 ); /* The database the table is being created in */
    sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE, pTable->zName, 
            pTable->azModuleArg[0], pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName);
................................................................................
  if( pTab==0 ) return;
  addArgumentToVtab(pParse);
  pParse->sArg.z = 0;
  if( pTab->nModuleArg<1 ) return;
  
  /* If the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement is being entered for the
  ** first time (in other words if the virtual table is actually being
  ** created now instead of just being read out of sqlite_master) then
  ** do additional initialization work and store the statement text
  ** in the sqlite_master table.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    char *zStmt;
    char *zWhere;
    int iDb;
    int iReg;
    Vdbe *v;
................................................................................
    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement */
    if( pEnd ){
      pParse->sNameToken.n = (int)(pEnd->z - pParse->sNameToken.z) + pEnd->n;
    }
    zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE %T", &pParse->sNameToken);

    /* A slot for the record has already been allocated in the 
    ** SQLITE_MASTER table.  We just need to update that slot with all
    ** the information we've collected.  
    **
    ** The VM register number pParse->regRowid holds the rowid of an
    ** entry in the sqlite_master table tht was created for this vtab
    ** by sqlite3StartTable().
    */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q.%s "
         "SET type='table', name=%Q, tbl_name=%Q, rootpage=0, sql=%Q "
       "WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, MASTER_NAME,
      pTab->zName,
      pTab->zName,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);

    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, iReg, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_VCreate, iDb, iReg);
  }

  /* If we are rereading the sqlite_master table create the in-memory
  ** record of the table. The xConnect() method is not called until
  ** the first time the virtual table is used in an SQL statement. This
  ** allows a schema that contains virtual tables to be loaded before
  ** the required virtual table implementations are registered.  */
  else {
    Table *pOld;
    Schema *pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
................................................................................
    SrcList *pSrc = p->pSrc;
    Expr *pWhere = p->pWhere;
    ExprList *pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    Expr *pHaving = p->pHaving;
    ExprList *pSort = 0;

    ExprList *pSublist = 0;       /* Expression list for sub-query */
    Window *pMWin = p->pWin;      /* Master window object */
    Window *pWin;                 /* Window object iterator */
    Table *pTab;
    Walker w;

    u32 selFlags = p->selFlags;

    pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
................................................................................
        sqlite3Expr(db, TK_INTEGER, "0")
      );
    }

    pSub = sqlite3SelectNew(
        pParse, pSublist, pSrc, pWhere, pGroupBy, pHaving, pSort, 0, 0
    );



    p->pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse, 0, 0, 0);
    if( p->pSrc ){
      Table *pTab2;
      p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = pSub;
      sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, p->pSrc);
      pSub->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
      pTab2 = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSub, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IcuInit(sqlite3 *db);

#if 0
}  /* extern "C" */
#endif  /* __cplusplus */


/************** End of sqliteicu.h *******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in main.c ***********************/
#endif

/*
** This is an extension initializer that is a no-op and always
** succeeds, except that it fails if the fault-simulation is set
................................................................................
**    *  Calls to this routine from Y must block until the outer-most
**       call by X completes.
**
**    *  Recursive calls to this routine from thread X return immediately
**       without blocking.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void){
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMaster; )       /* The main static mutex */
  int rc;                                      /* Result code */
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT
  int bRunExtraInit = 0;                       /* Extra initialization needed */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  rc = sqlite3_wsd_init(4096, 24);
................................................................................
  ** The mutex subsystem must take care of serializing its own
  ** initialization.
  */
  rc = sqlite3MutexInit();
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* Initialize the malloc() system and the recursive pInitMutex mutex.
  ** This operation is protected by the STATIC_MASTER mutex.  Note that
  ** MutexAlloc() is called for a static mutex prior to initializing the
  ** malloc subsystem - this implies that the allocation of a static
  ** mutex must not require support from the malloc subsystem.
  */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMaster = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMutexInit = 1;
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit ){
    rc = sqlite3MallocInit();
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit = 1;
    if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex ){
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      }
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex++;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMaster);

  /* If rc is not SQLITE_OK at this point, then either the malloc
  ** subsystem could not be initialized or the system failed to allocate
  ** the pInitMutex mutex. Return an error in either case.  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.inProgress = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex);

  /* Go back under the static mutex and clean up the recursive
  ** mutex to prevent a resource leak.
  */
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMaster);
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex--;
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex<=0 ){
    assert( sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex==0 );
    sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex);
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMaster);

  /* The following is just a sanity check to make sure SQLite has
  ** been compiled correctly.  It is important to run this code, but
  ** we don't want to run it too often and soak up CPU cycles for no
  ** reason.  So we run it once during initialization.
  */
#ifndef NDEBUG
................................................................................
               SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
               SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB |
               SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL |
               SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX |
               SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX |
               SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
             );

  /* Allocate the sqlite data structure */
  db = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(sqlite3) );
................................................................................
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.neverCorrupt = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXTRA_SCHEMA_CHECKS, int);
    **
    ** Set or clear a flag that causes SQLite to verify that type, name,
    ** and tbl_name fields of the sqlite_master table.  This is normally
    ** on, but it is sometimes useful to turn it off for testing.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXTRA_SCHEMA_CHECKS: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bExtraSchemaChecks = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

................................................................................
**   sqlite3ConnectionBlocked()
**   sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked()
**   sqlite3ConnectionClosed()
**   sqlite3_unlock_notify()
*/

#define assertMutexHeld() \
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER)) )

/*
** Head of a linked list of all sqlite3 objects created by this process
** for which either sqlite3.pBlockingConnection or sqlite3.pUnlockConnection
** is not NULL. This variable may only accessed while the STATIC_MASTER
** mutex is held.
*/
static sqlite3 *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3BlockedList = 0;

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** This function is a complex assert() that verifies the following 
................................................................................
    pp=&(*pp)->pNextBlocked
  );
  db->pNextBlocked = *pp;
  *pp = db;
}

/*
** Obtain the STATIC_MASTER mutex.
*/
static void enterMutex(void){
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
  checkListProperties(0);
}

/*
** Release the STATIC_MASTER mutex.
*/
static void leaveMutex(void){
  assertMutexHeld();
  checkListProperties(0);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER));
}

/*
** Register an unlock-notify callback.
**
** This is called after connection "db" has attempted some operation
** but has received an SQLITE_LOCKED error because another connection
................................................................................
  int nArg = 0;                            /* Number of entries in aArg[] */
  sqlite3 **pp;                            /* Iterator variable */
  void **aArg;               /* Arguments to the unlock callback */
  void **aDyn = 0;           /* Dynamically allocated space for aArg[] */
  void *aStatic[16];         /* Starter space for aArg[].  No malloc required */

  aArg = aStatic;
  enterMutex();         /* Enter STATIC_MASTER mutex */

  /* This loop runs once for each entry in the blocked-connections list. */
  for(pp=&sqlite3BlockedList; *pp; /* no-op */ ){
    sqlite3 *p = *pp;

    /* Step 1. */
    if( p->pBlockingConnection==db ){
................................................................................
    }
  }

  if( nArg!=0 ){
    xUnlockNotify(aArg, nArg);
  }
  sqlite3_free(aDyn);
  leaveMutex();         /* Leave STATIC_MASTER mutex */
}

/*
** This is called when the database connection passed as an argument is 
** being closed. The connection is removed from the blocked list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ConnectionClosed(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
      ** POS_END (0) or POS_COLUMN (1). The following block merges the two lists
      ** and writes the results to buffer p. p is left pointing to the byte
      ** after the list written. No terminator (POS_END or POS_COLUMN) is
      ** written to the output.
      */
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p1, &i1);
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p2, &i2);



      do {
        fts3PutDeltaVarint(&p, &iPrev, (i1<i2) ? i1 : i2); 
        iPrev -= 2;
        if( i1==i2 ){
          fts3ReadNextPos(&p1, &i1);
          fts3ReadNextPos(&p2, &i2);
        }else if( i1<i2 ){
................................................................................
  char *p2 = *pp2;
  int iCol1 = 0;
  int iCol2 = 0;

  /* Never set both isSaveLeft and isExact for the same invocation. */
  assert( isSaveLeft==0 || isExact==0 );

  assert( p!=0 && *p1!=0 && *p2!=0 );
  if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p1++;
    p1 += fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
  }
  if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p2++;
    p2 += fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 *piDocid,         /* IN/OUT: Docid pointer */
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: End-of-file flag */
){
  char *p = *ppIter;

  assert( nDoclist>0 );
  assert( *pbEof==0 );
  assert( p || *piDocid==0 );
  assert( !p || (p>=aDoclist && p<=&aDoclist[nDoclist]) );

  if( p==0 ){
    p = aDoclist;
    p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, piDocid);
  }else{
    fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p);
................................................................................
** the phrase object passed as the fifth argument according to a NEAR
** condition. For example:
**
**     abc NEAR/5 "def ghi"
**
** Parameter nNear is passed the NEAR distance of the expression (5 in
** the example above). When this function is called, *paPoslist points to
** the position list, and *pnToken is the number of phrase tokens in, the
** phrase on the other side of the NEAR operator to pPhrase. For example,
** if pPhrase refers to the "def ghi" phrase, then *paPoslist points to
** the position list associated with phrase "abc".
**
** All positions in the pPhrase position list that are not sufficiently
** close to a position in the *paPoslist position list are removed. If this
** leaves 0 positions, zero is returned. Otherwise, non-zero.
................................................................................
          }
          *pRc = fts3EvalDeferredPhrase(pCsr, pPhrase);
          bHit = (pPhrase->doclist.pList!=0);
          pExpr->iDocid = pCsr->iPrevId;
        }else
#endif
        {

          bHit = (pExpr->bEof==0 && pExpr->iDocid==pCsr->iPrevId);


        }
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return bHit;
}
................................................................................
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(p);
      aCoord[0].f = mnX;
      aCoord[1].f = mxX;
      aCoord[2].f = mnY;
      aCoord[3].f = mxY;
    }


  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** Implementation of the geopoly_bbox(X) SQL function.
*/
................................................................................
static int rbuObjIterFirst(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  int rc;
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(RbuObjIter));

  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT rbu_target_name(name, type='view') AS target, name "
      "FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type IN ('table', 'view') AND target IS NOT NULL "
      " %s "
      "ORDER BY name"
  , rbuIsVacuum(p) ? "AND rootpage!=0 AND rootpage IS NOT NULL" : ""));

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pIdxIter, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql IS NULL OR substr(8, 6)=='UNIQUE' "
        "  FROM main.sqlite_master "
        "  WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = ?"
    );
  }

  pIter->bCleanup = 1;
  p->rc = rc;
  return rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
................................................................................
**   (i.e. unless *peType is set to 3), then *piPk is set to zero. Or,
**   if the table does have an external primary key index, then *piPk
**   is set to the root page number of the primary key index before
**   returning.
**
** ALGORITHM:
**
**   if( no entry exists in sqlite_master ){
**     return RBU_PK_NOTABLE
**   }else if( sql for the entry starts with "CREATE VIRTUAL" ){
**     return RBU_PK_VTAB
**   }else if( "PRAGMA index_list()" for the table contains a "pk" index ){
**     if( the index that is the pk exists in sqlite_master ){
**       *piPK = rootpage of that index.
**       return RBU_PK_EXTERNAL
**     }else{
**       return RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID
**     }
**   }else if( "PRAGMA table_info()" lists one or more "pk" columns ){
**     return RBU_PK_IPK
................................................................................
  sqlite3rbu *p,
  const char *zTab,
  int *peType,
  int *piTnum,
  int *piPk
){
  /*
  ** 0) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master where name=%Q AND IsVirtual(%Q)
  ** 1) PRAGMA index_list = ?
  ** 2) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master where name=%Q 
  ** 3) PRAGMA table_info = ?
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[4] = {0, 0, 0, 0};

  *peType = RBU_PK_NOTABLE;
  *piPk = 0;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[0], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT (sql LIKE 'create virtual%%'), rootpage"
          "  FROM sqlite_master"
          " WHERE name=%Q", zTab
  ));
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3_step(aStmt[0])!=SQLITE_ROW ){
    /* Either an error, or no such table. */
    goto rbuTableType_end;
  }
  if( sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[0], 0) ){
................................................................................
  if( p->rc ) goto rbuTableType_end;
  while( sqlite3_step(aStmt[1])==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const u8 *zOrig = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 3);
    const u8 *zIdx = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 1);
    if( zOrig && zIdx && zOrig[0]=='p' ){
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[2], &p->zErrmsg, 
          sqlite3_mprintf(
            "SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = %Q", zIdx
      ));
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( sqlite3_step(aStmt[2])==SQLITE_ROW ){
          *piPk = sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[2], 0);
          *peType = RBU_PK_EXTERNAL;
        }else{
          *peType = RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID;
................................................................................
    char *zCols = 0;              /* Used to build up list of table cols */
    char *zPk = 0;                /* Used to build up table PK declaration */

    /* Figure out the name of the primary key index for the current table.
    ** This is needed for the argument to "PRAGMA index_xinfo". Set
    ** zIdx to point to a nul-terminated string containing this name. */
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pQuery, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE rootpage = ?"
    );
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_bind_int(pQuery, 1, tnum);
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pQuery) ){
        zIdx = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 0);
      }
    }
................................................................................
  int rc = p->rc;
  char *zRet = 0;

  assert( pIter->zIdxSql==0 && pIter->nIdxCol==0 && pIter->aIdxCol==0 );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT trim(sql) FROM sqlite_master WHERE type='index' AND name=?"
    );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    rc = sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, pIter->zIdx, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      char *zSql = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
................................................................................
#if 0
  if( rbuIsVacuum(p) ){
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int rc2;
      int bOk = 0;
      sqlite3_stmt *pCnt = 0;
      p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pCnt, &p->zErrmsg,
          "SELECT count(*) FROM stat.sqlite_master"
      );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK 
       && sqlite3_step(pCnt)==SQLITE_ROW
       && 1==sqlite3_column_int(pCnt, 0)
      ){
        bOk = 1;
      }
................................................................................
        "rbu_target_name", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuTargetNameFunc, 0, 0
    );
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }
  rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master");

  /* Mark the database file just opened as an RBU target database. If 
  ** this call returns SQLITE_NOTFOUND, then the RBU vfs is not in use.
  ** This is an error.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }
................................................................................

  /* If pState is NULL, then the wal file may not have been opened and
  ** recovered. Running a read-statement here to ensure that doing so
  ** does not interfere with the "capture" process below.  */
  if( pState==0 ){
    p->eStage = 0;
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master", 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Assuming no error has occurred, run a "restart" checkpoint with the
  ** sqlite3rbu.eStage variable set to CAPTURE. This turns on the following
  ** special behaviour in the rbu VFS:
  **
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pSql = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert = 0;

  assert( rbuIsVacuum(p) );
  p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "PRAGMA writable_schema=1", 0,0, &p->zErrmsg);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pSql, &p->zErrmsg, 
      "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE sql!='' AND rootpage!=0"
      " AND name!='sqlite_sequence' "
      " ORDER BY type DESC"
    );
  }

  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pSql)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 0);
................................................................................
    p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, zSql, 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
  }
  rbuFinalize(p, pSql);
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pSql, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master WHERE rootpage=0 OR rootpage IS NULL" 
    );
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pInsert, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "INSERT INTO sqlite_master VALUES(?,?,?,?,?)"
    );
  }

  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pSql)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<5; i++){
      sqlite3_bind_value(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_value(pSql, i));
................................................................................
  char *zErrmsg = 0;
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *db = (rbuIsVacuum(p) ? p->dbRbu : p->dbMain);

  assert( nVal==1 );
  
  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(db, &pStmt, &zErrmsg, 
      sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = %Q", sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]))
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zErrmsg, -1);
  }else{
    int nIndex = 0;
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
................................................................................
        "rbu_index_cnt", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuIndexCntFunc, 0, 0
    );
  
    /* Check for the rbu_count table. If it does not exist, or if an error
    ** occurs, nPhaseOneStep will be left set to -1. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg,
          "SELECT 1 FROM sqlite_master WHERE tbl_name = 'rbu_count'"
      );
    }
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
        bExists = 1;
      }
      p->rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
................................................................................
    pCsr->isAgg = sqlite3_value_double(argv[iArg++])!=0.0;
  }else{
    pCsr->isAgg = 0;
  }
  pSql = sqlite3_str_new(pTab->db);
  sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql,
      "SELECT * FROM ("
        "SELECT 'sqlite_master' AS name,1 AS rootpage,'table' AS type"
        " UNION ALL "
        "SELECT name,rootpage,type"
        " FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master WHERE rootpage!=0)",
      pTab->db->aDb[pCsr->iDb].zDbSName);
  if( zName ){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, "WHERE name=%Q", zName);
  }
  if( idxNum & 0x08 ){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, " ORDER BY name");
  }
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* INSERT statement */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* SELECT statement */
  int nCol;                       /* Size of azCol[] and abPK[] arrays */
  const char **azCol;             /* Array of column names */
  u8 *abPK;                       /* Boolean array - true if column is in PK */
  int bStat1;                     /* True if table is sqlite_stat1 */
  int bDeferConstraints;          /* True to defer constraints */

  SessionBuffer constraints;      /* Deferred constraints are stored here */
  SessionBuffer rebase;           /* Rebase information (if any) here */
  u8 bRebaseStarted;              /* If table header is already in rebase */
  u8 bRebase;                     /* True to collect rebase information */
};

/*
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  while( pApply->constraints.nBuf ){
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter2 = 0;
    SessionBuffer cons = pApply->constraints;
    memset(&pApply->constraints, 0, sizeof(SessionBuffer));

    rc = sessionChangesetStart(&pIter2, 0, 0, cons.nBuf, cons.aBuf, 0);


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      size_t nByte = 2*pApply->nCol*sizeof(sqlite3_value*);
      int rc2;
      pIter2->bPatchset = bPatchset;
      pIter2->zTab = (char*)zTab;
      pIter2->nCol = pApply->nCol;
      pIter2->abPK = pApply->abPK;
................................................................................
  int bPatchset;

  assert( xConflict!=0 );

  pIter->in.bNoDiscard = 1;
  memset(&sApply, 0, sizeof(sApply));
  sApply.bRebase = (ppRebase && pnRebase);

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_db_mutex(db));
  if( (flags & SQLITE_CHANGESETAPPLY_NOSAVEPOINT)==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, "SAVEPOINT changeset_apply", 0, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, "PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1", 0, 0, 0);
  }
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2020-06-08 11:34:40 6e6b3729e0549de028f6c5bf494b2d69d621c81b61a1dc0a329d3950039342fb", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

/*
** Return true if zName is the extension on one of the shadow tables used
** by this module.
*/
static int fts5ShadowName(const char *zName){
................................................................................
#endif
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB) */

/************** End of stmt.c ************************************************/
#if __LINE__!=229785
#undef SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2020-06-08 11:34:40 6e6b3729e0549de028f6c5bf494b2d69d621c81b61a1dc0a329d39500393alt2"
#endif
/* Return the source-id for this library */
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }
/************************** End of sqlite3.c ******************************/







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1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
....
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
....
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
....
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
....
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327

3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
....
7311
7312
7313
7314
7315
7316
7317
7318
7319
7320
7321
7322
7323
7324
7325
....
8413
8414
8415
8416
8417
8418
8419
8420
8421
8422
8423
8424
8425
8426
8427
....
8615
8616
8617
8618
8619
8620
8621
8622
8623
8624
8625
8626
8627
8628
8629
8630
8631
8632
8633
8634
8635
8636
8637
8638
8639
8640
8641
8642
8643
8644
8645
8646
.....
10429
10430
10431
10432
10433
10434
10435
10436
10437
10438
10439
10440
10441
10442
10443
.....
14526
14527
14528
14529
14530
14531
14532
14533
14534
14535
14536
14537
14538
14539
14540
14541
14542
14543
14544
14545
14546
14547
14548
14549
.....
14554
14555
14556
14557
14558
14559
14560

14561

14562
14563
14564
14565
14566
14567
14568
14569
14570
14571

14572
14573
14574
14575
14576
14577
14578
14579
14580
14581
14582
14583
14584
14585
.....
14815
14816
14817
14818
14819
14820
14821
14822
14823
14824
14825
14826
14827
14828
14829
.....
15804
15805
15806
15807
15808
15809
15810
15811
15812
15813
15814
15815
15816
15817
15818
15819
.....
15919
15920
15921
15922
15923
15924
15925
15926
15927
15928
15929
15930
15931
15932
15933
15934
15935
.....
16917
16918
16919
16920
16921
16922
16923
16924
16925
16926
16927
16928
16929
16930
16931
.....
16959
16960
16961
16962
16963
16964
16965
16966
16967
16968
16969
16970
16971
16972
16973
.....
17753
17754
17755
17756
17757
17758
17759
17760
17761
17762
17763
17764
17765
17766
17767
.....
17877
17878
17879
17880
17881
17882
17883
17884
17885
17886
17887
17888
17889
17890
17891
17892
17893
17894
17895
17896
17897
17898
17899
17900
17901


17902
17903
17904
17905
17906
17907
17908
.....
18079
18080
18081
18082
18083
18084
18085
18086
18087
18088
18089
18090
18091
18092
18093
.....
18259
18260
18261
18262
18263
18264
18265
18266
18267
18268
18269
18270
18271
18272
18273
.....
18380
18381
18382
18383
18384
18385
18386
18387
18388
18389
18390
18391
18392
18393
18394
.....
18483
18484
18485
18486
18487
18488
18489
18490
18491
18492
18493
18494
18495
18496
18497
.....
19505
19506
19507
19508
19509
19510
19511
19512
19513
19514
19515
19516
19517
19518
19519
.....
19927
19928
19929
19930
19931
19932
19933
19934
19935
19936
19937
19938
19939
19940
19941
19942
19943
19944
19945
.....
20641
20642
20643
20644
20645
20646
20647
20648
20649
20650
20651
20652
20653
20654
20655
20656
20657
20658
20659
.....
22202
22203
22204
22205
22206
22207
22208
22209
22210
22211
22212
22213
22214
22215
22216
.....
22898
22899
22900
22901
22902
22903
22904
22905
22906
22907
22908
22909
22910
22911
22912
22913
22914
22915
.....
23292
23293
23294
23295
23296
23297
23298
23299
23300
23301
23302
23303
23304
23305
23306
.....
23307
23308
23309
23310
23311
23312
23313
23314
23315
23316
23317
23318
23319
23320
23321
.....
23338
23339
23340
23341
23342
23343
23344
23345
23346
23347
23348
23349
23350
23351
23352
.....
23362
23363
23364
23365
23366
23367
23368
23369
23370
23371
23372
23373
23374
23375
23376
.....
24468
24469
24470
24471
24472
24473
24474
24475
24476
24477
24478
24479
24480
24481
24482
24483
24484
24485
24486
24487
24488
24489
24490
24491
.....
24613
24614
24615
24616
24617
24618
24619
24620
24621
24622
24623
24624
24625
24626
24627
24628
24629
24630
24631
24632
24633
24634
24635
24636
24637
24638
24639
24640
24641
24642
24643
24644
24645
24646
24647
24648
24649
24650
24651
24652
24653
24654
24655
24656
24657
24658
24659
24660
24661
24662
24663
24664
24665
24666
24667
24668
24669
24670
24671
24672
24673
24674
.....
24687
24688
24689
24690
24691
24692
24693
24694
24695
24696
24697
24698
24699
24700
24701
24702
24703
.....
24738
24739
24740
24741
24742
24743
24744
24745
24746
24747
24748
24749
24750
24751
24752
24753
24754
24755
24756
24757
24758
24759
24760
24761
24762
24763
24764
24765
24766
24767
24768
24769
24770
24771
24772
24773
24774
24775
24776
24777
24778
24779
24780
24781
24782
.....
24798
24799
24800
24801
24802
24803
24804
24805
24806
24807
24808
24809
24810
24811
24812
24813
24814
24815
24816
24817
24818
24819
24820
24821
24822
24823
24824
24825
24826
24827
24828
.....
24910
24911
24912
24913
24914
24915
24916
24917
24918
24919
24920
24921
24922
24923
24924
24925
24926
24927
24928
.....
24974
24975
24976
24977
24978
24979
24980
24981
24982
24983
24984
24985
24986
24987
24988
.....
24995
24996
24997
24998
24999
25000
25001
25002
25003
25004
25005
25006
25007
25008
25009
25010
25011
.....
26313
26314
26315
26316
26317
26318
26319
26320
26321
26322
26323
26324
26325
26326
26327
.....
27059
27060
27061
27062
27063
27064
27065
27066
27067
27068
27069
27070
27071
27072
27073
.....
30011
30012
30013
30014
30015
30016
30017
30018
30019
30020
30021
30022
30023
30024
30025
30026
30027
.....
36822
36823
36824
36825
36826
36827
36828
36829
36830
36831
36832
36833
36834
36835
36836
.....
36935
36936
36937
36938
36939
36940
36941
36942
36943
36944
36945
36946
36947
36948
36949
.....
39255
39256
39257
39258
39259
39260
39261
39262
39263
39264
39265
39266
39267
39268
39269
.....
39389
39390
39391
39392
39393
39394
39395
39396
39397
39398
39399
39400
39401
39402
39403
.....
39462
39463
39464
39465
39466
39467
39468
39469
39470
39471
39472
39473
39474
39475
39476
39477
39478
39479
39480
39481
.....
39490
39491
39492
39493
39494
39495
39496
39497
39498
39499
39500
39501
39502
39503
39504
39505
39506
39507
39508
39509
39510
39511
39512
39513
39514
.....
39693
39694
39695
39696
39697
39698
39699
39700
39701
39702
39703
39704
39705
39706
39707
.....
42909
42910
42911
42912
42913
42914
42915
42916
42917
42918
42919
42920
42921
42922
42923
42924
42925
42926
42927
42928
42929
42930
42931
42932
42933
.....
42942
42943
42944
42945
42946
42947
42948
42949
42950
42951
42952
42953
42954
42955
42956
.....
46642
46643
46644
46645
46646
46647
46648
46649
46650
46651
46652
46653
46654
46655
46656
.....
46663
46664
46665
46666
46667
46668
46669
46670
46671
46672
46673
46674
46675
46676
46677
46678
46679
46680
46681
46682
46683
46684
46685
46686
46687
.....
48116
48117
48118
48119
48120
48121
48122
48123
48124
48125
48126
48127
48128
48129
48130
.....
51712
51713
51714
51715
51716
51717
51718
51719
51720
51721
51722
51723
51724
51725
51726
51727
.....
52130
52131
52132
52133
52134
52135
52136
52137
52138
52139
52140
52141
52142
52143
52144
52145
52146
52147
52148
52149
52150
52151
52152
52153
52154
52155
52156
52157
52158
52159
52160
52161
52162
52163
52164
52165
52166
.....
52284
52285
52286
52287
52288
52289
52290
52291
52292
52293
52294
52295
52296
52297
52298
.....
52562
52563
52564
52565
52566
52567
52568
52569
52570
52571
52572
52573
52574
52575
52576
.....
52916
52917
52918
52919
52920
52921
52922
52923
52924
52925
52926
52927
52928
52929
52930
52931
52932
52933
52934
52935
52936
52937
52938
52939
52940
52941
52942
52943
52944
52945
52946
52947
52948
52949
52950
52951
52952
52953
52954
52955
52956
52957
52958
52959
52960
52961
52962
52963
52964
52965
52966
52967
52968
52969
52970
52971
52972
52973
52974
52975
52976
52977
52978
52979
52980
52981
52982
52983
52984
52985
52986
52987
52988
52989
.....
53303
53304
53305
53306
53307
53308
53309
53310
53311
53312
53313
53314
53315
53316
53317
53318
53319
53320
53321
53322
53323
53324
53325
53326
53327
53328
53329
53330
53331
53332
53333
53334
53335
53336
53337
53338
53339
53340
53341
53342
53343
53344
53345
53346
53347
53348
53349
53350
53351
53352
53353
53354
53355
53356
53357
53358
53359
53360
53361
53362
53363
53364
53365
53366
53367
53368
53369
53370
53371
53372
53373
53374
53375
53376
53377
53378
53379
53380
53381
53382
53383
53384
53385
53386
.....
53533
53534
53535
53536
53537
53538
53539
53540
53541
53542
53543
53544
53545
53546
53547
.....
53649
53650
53651
53652
53653
53654
53655
53656
53657
53658
53659
53660
53661
53662
53663
.....
53701
53702
53703
53704
53705
53706
53707
53708
53709
53710
53711
53712
53713
53714
53715
.....
53774
53775
53776
53777
53778
53779
53780
53781
53782
53783
53784
53785
53786
53787
53788
.....
54082
54083
54084
54085
54086
54087
54088
54089
54090
54091
54092
54093
54094
54095
54096
54097
54098
54099
54100
54101
54102
54103
54104
54105
54106
54107
54108
54109
54110
54111
54112
54113
54114
54115
54116
54117
54118
54119
54120
54121
54122
54123
54124
54125
54126
54127
54128
54129
54130
54131
54132
54133
54134
54135
54136
54137
54138
54139
54140
54141
54142
54143
54144
54145
54146
54147
54148
54149
54150
54151
54152
54153
54154
54155
54156
54157
54158
54159
54160
54161
54162
54163
54164
54165
54166
54167
54168
54169
54170
54171
54172
54173
54174
54175
54176
54177
54178
54179
54180
54181
54182
54183
54184
54185
54186
54187
54188
54189
54190
54191
54192
54193
54194
54195
54196
54197
54198
54199
54200
54201
54202
54203
54204
54205
54206
54207
54208
54209
54210
54211
54212
54213
54214
54215
54216
54217
54218
54219
54220
54221
54222
54223
54224
54225
54226
.....
54290
54291
54292
54293
54294
54295
54296
54297
54298
54299
54300
54301
54302
54303
54304
.....
54389
54390
54391
54392
54393
54394
54395
54396
54397
54398
54399
54400
54401
54402
54403
54404
54405
54406
54407
54408
54409
54410
54411
54412
54413
54414
54415
54416
54417
54418
54419
54420
54421
54422
54423
54424
54425
54426
54427
54428
54429
54430
54431
54432
54433
.....
54546
54547
54548
54549
54550
54551
54552
54553
54554
54555
54556
54557
54558
54559
54560
54561
54562
54563
54564
54565
54566
54567
54568
54569
54570
54571
54572
54573
54574
54575
54576
54577
.....
54942
54943
54944
54945
54946
54947
54948
54949
54950
54951
54952
54953
54954
54955
54956
.....
56682
56683
56684
56685
56686
56687
56688
56689
56690
56691
56692
56693
56694
56695
56696
56697
.....
57428
57429
57430
57431
57432
57433
57434
57435
57436
57437
57438
57439
57440
57441
57442
.....
57940
57941
57942
57943
57944
57945
57946
57947
57948
57949
57950
57951
57952
57953
57954
57955
57956
.....
57980
57981
57982
57983
57984
57985
57986
57987
57988
57989
57990
57991
57992
57993
57994
57995
57996
57997
57998
57999
58000
58001
58002
58003
58004
58005
58006
58007
58008
58009
58010
58011
58012
58013
58014
58015
58016
58017
58018
58019
58020
58021
.....
58025
58026
58027
58028
58029
58030
58031
58032
58033
58034
58035
58036
58037
58038
58039
58040
.....
58065
58066
58067
58068
58069
58070
58071
58072
58073
58074
58075
58076
58077
58078
58079
.....
58103
58104
58105
58106
58107
58108
58109
58110
58111
58112
58113
58114
58115
58116
58117
.....
58124
58125
58126
58127
58128
58129
58130
58131
58132
58133
58134
58135
58136
58137
58138
58139
58140
58141
58142
58143
58144
58145
58146
58147
58148
58149
58150
58151
58152
.....
58206
58207
58208
58209
58210
58211
58212
58213
58214
58215
58216
58217
58218
58219
58220
.....
58271
58272
58273
58274
58275
58276
58277
58278
58279
58280
58281
58282
58283
58284
58285
.....
58316
58317
58318
58319
58320
58321
58322
58323
58324
58325
58326
58327
58328
58329
58330
.....
63734
63735
63736
63737
63738
63739
63740
63741
63742
63743
63744
63745
63746
63747
63748
.....
64429
64430
64431
64432
64433
64434
64435
64436
64437
64438
64439
64440
64441
64442
64443
.....
64560
64561
64562
64563
64564
64565
64566
64567
64568
64569
64570
64571
64572
64573
64574
64575
64576
64577
64578
64579
64580
64581
64582
64583
64584
64585
.....
64717
64718
64719
64720
64721
64722
64723
64724
64725
64726
64727
64728
64729
64730
64731
.....
65353
65354
65355
65356
65357
65358
65359
65360
65361
65362
65363
65364
65365
65366
65367
.....
66113
66114
66115
66116
66117
66118
66119
66120
66121
66122
66123
66124
66125
66126
66127
.....
66782
66783
66784
66785
66786
66787
66788
66789
66790
66791
66792
66793
66794
66795
66796
.....
66901
66902
66903
66904
66905
66906
66907
66908
66909
66910
66911
66912
66913
66914
66915
.....
66990
66991
66992
66993
66994
66995
66996
66997
66998
66999
67000
67001
67002
67003
67004
67005
67006
67007
67008
67009
67010
.....
67015
67016
67017
67018
67019
67020
67021
67022
67023
67024
67025
67026
67027
67028
67029
.....
67791
67792
67793
67794
67795
67796
67797
67798
67799
67800
67801
67802
67803
67804
67805
.....
68343
68344
68345
68346
68347
68348
68349
68350
68351
68352
68353
68354
68355
68356
68357
68358
68359
68360
68361
68362
68363
68364
68365
68366
68367
68368
.....
68371
68372
68373
68374
68375
68376
68377
68378
68379
68380
68381
68382
68383
68384
68385
.....
68434
68435
68436
68437
68438
68439
68440
68441
68442
68443
68444
68445
68446
68447
68448
.....
73839
73840
73841
73842
73843
73844
73845
73846
73847
73848
73849
73850
73851
73852
73853
.....
74716
74717
74718
74719
74720
74721
74722
74723
74724
74725
74726
74727
74728
74729
74730
74731
74732
74733
74734
74735
74736
.....
80200
80201
80202
80203
80204
80205
80206
80207
80208
80209
80210
80211
80212
80213
80214
80215
80216
80217
80218
80219
80220
80221
80222
80223
80224
80225
80226
80227
80228
80229
80230
80231
80232
80233
80234
80235
80236
80237
80238
80239
80240
80241
80242
80243
80244
80245
80246
80247
80248
80249
80250
.....
80274
80275
80276
80277
80278
80279
80280
80281
80282
80283
80284
80285
80286
80287
80288
.....
80308
80309
80310
80311
80312
80313
80314
80315
80316
80317
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322
80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328
80329
80330
80331
80332
80333
80334
80335
80336
80337
80338
80339
80340
80341
80342
80343
80344
80345
80346
80347
80348
80349
80350
80351
80352
80353
80354
80355
80356
80357
80358
80359
80360
80361
80362
80363
80364
80365
80366
80367
80368
80369
80370
80371
80372
80373
80374
80375
80376
80377
80378
80379
80380
80381
80382
80383
80384
80385
80386
80387
80388
80389
80390
80391
80392
80393
80394
80395
80396
80397
80398
80399
80400
80401
80402
80403
80404
80405
80406
80407
80408
80409
80410
80411
80412
80413
80414
80415
80416
80417
80418
80419
80420
80421
80422
80423
80424
80425
80426
80427
80428
80429
80430
80431
80432
80433
80434
80435
80436
80437
80438
80439
80440
.....
87236
87237
87238
87239
87240
87241
87242
87243
87244
87245
87246
87247
87248
87249
87250
.....
89110
89111
89112
89113
89114
89115
89116
89117
89118
89119
89120
89121
89122
89123
89124
89125
89126
89127
89128
89129
89130
89131
89132
89133
.....
91226
91227
91228
91229
91230
91231
91232
91233
91234
91235
91236
91237
91238
91239
91240
91241
91242
91243
91244
91245
91246
91247
91248
91249
.....
91263
91264
91265
91266
91267
91268
91269
91270
91271
91272
91273
91274
91275
91276
91277
91278
91279
91280
91281
91282
91283
91284
91285
91286
91287
91288
91289
91290
91291
91292
91293
91294
91295
91296
91297
91298
......
101517
101518
101519
101520
101521
101522
101523
101524
101525
101526
101527
101528
101529
101530
101531
101532
101533
101534
......
101572
101573
101574
101575
101576
101577
101578
101579
101580
101581
101582
101583
101584
101585
101586
101587
101588
101589
101590
101591
101592
101593
101594
101595
101596
......
101715
101716
101717
101718
101719
101720
101721
101722
101723
101724
101725
101726
101727
101728
101729
101730
101731
101732
101733
101734
......
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193
105194
105195
105196
105197
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210
105211
......
105219
105220
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
......
105241
105242
105243
105244
105245
105246
105247
105248
105249
105250
105251
105252
105253
105254
105255
105256
105257
105258
......
105280
105281
105282
105283
105284
105285
105286
105287
105288
105289
105290
105291
105292
105293
105294
105295
105296
105297
105298
105299
105300
105301
105302
105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
......
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
105400
105401
105402
105403
105404
105405
105406
105407
105408
105409
......
105438
105439
105440
105441
105442
105443
105444
105445
105446
105447
105448
105449
105450
105451
105452
105453
105454
105455
105456
105457
105458
105459
105460
105461
105462
105463
105464
......
105659
105660
105661
105662
105663
105664
105665
105666
105667
105668
105669
105670
105671
105672
105673
105674
105675
105676
105677
105678
105679
105680
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
105687
105688
......
105792
105793
105794
105795
105796
105797
105798
105799
105800
105801
105802
105803
105804
105805
105806
105807
105808
105809
105810
105811
105812
105813
105814
105815
105816
105817
105818
105819
105820
105821
105822
105823
105824
105825
105826
......
105833
105834
105835
105836
105837
105838
105839
105840
105841
105842
105843
105844
105845
105846
105847
......
105989
105990
105991
105992
105993
105994
105995
105996
105997
105998
105999
106000
106001
106002
106003
106004
106005
106006
......
106194
106195
106196
106197
106198
106199
106200
106201
106202
106203
106204
106205
106206
106207
106208
106209
106210
106211
106212
106213
106214
106215
106216
106217
106218
106219
106220
106221
106222

106223
106224
106225
106226
106227
106228
106229
......
110444
110445
110446
110447
110448
110449
110450
110451
110452
110453
110454
110455
110456
110457
110458
......
110526
110527
110528
110529
110530
110531
110532
110533
110534
110535
110536

110537
110538
110539
110540
110541
110542
110543
110544
110545
110546
110547
110548
110549
110550
110551
110552
110553
110554
110555
110556
110557
110558
110559
110560
110561
110562
110563
110564
110565
110566
110567
110568
110569
110570
110571
110572
110573
110574
110575
......
110954
110955
110956
110957
110958
110959
110960
110961
110962
110963
110964
110965
110966
110967
110968
110969
110970
110971
110972
110973
110974
......
111068
111069
111070
111071
111072
111073
111074
111075
111076
111077
111078
111079
111080
111081
111082
......
111240
111241
111242
111243
111244
111245
111246
111247
111248
111249
111250
111251
111252
111253
111254
......
111346
111347
111348
111349
111350
111351
111352
111353
111354
111355
111356
111357
111358
111359
111360
......
111382
111383
111384
111385
111386
111387
111388
111389
111390
111391
111392
111393
111394
111395
111396
......
111400
111401
111402
111403
111404
111405
111406
111407
111408
111409
111410
111411
111412
111413
111414
......
112210
112211
112212
112213
112214
112215
112216
112217
112218
112219
112220
112221
112222
112223
112224
112225
112226
......
112299
112300
112301
112302
112303
112304
112305
112306
112307
112308
112309
112310
112311
112312
112313
......
112447
112448
112449
112450
112451
112452
112453
112454
112455
112456
112457
112458
112459
112460
112461
112462
112463
112464
112465
112466
......
112483
112484
112485
112486
112487
112488
112489
112490
112491
112492
112493
112494
112495
112496
112497
112498
112499
112500
112501
112502
......
112575
112576
112577
112578
112579
112580
112581
112582
112583
112584
112585
112586
112587
112588
112589
......
112677
112678
112679
112680
112681
112682
112683
112684
112685
112686
112687
112688
112689
112690
112691
112692
112693
112694
112695
112696
112697
112698
......
112812
112813
112814
112815
112816
112817
112818
112819
112820
112821
112822
112823
112824
112825
112826
......
113027
113028
113029
113030
113031
113032
113033
113034
113035
113036
113037
113038
113039
113040
113041
113042
113043
113044
113045
113046
113047
113048
113049
113050
113051
113052
113053
113054
113055
113056
113057
113058
113059
113060
113061
113062
113063
113064
113065
113066
113067
113068
113069
113070
113071
......
113150
113151
113152
113153
113154
113155
113156
113157
113158
113159
113160
113161
113162
113163
113164
113165
......
113175
113176
113177
113178
113179
113180
113181
113182
113183
113184
113185
113186
113187
113188
113189
113190
113191
113192
113193
113194
113195
113196
113197
113198
113199
......
113321
113322
113323
113324
113325
113326
113327
113328
113329
113330
113331
113332
113333
113334
113335
......
113775
113776
113777
113778
113779
113780
113781



113782
113783
113784
113785
113786
113787
113788
113789
......
113797
113798
113799
113800
113801
113802
113803
113804
113805
113806
113807
113808
113809
113810
113811
......
114141
114142
114143
114144
114145
114146
114147
114148
114149
114150
114151
114152
114153
114154
114155
114156
......
114186
114187
114188
114189
114190
114191
114192
114193
114194
114195
114196
114197
114198
114199
114200
114201
114202
114203
114204
......
114355
114356
114357
114358
114359
114360
114361
114362
114363
114364
114365
114366
114367
114368
114369
114370
114371
114372
114373
114374
114375
......
115912
115913
115914
115915
115916
115917
115918
115919
115920
115921
115922
115923
115924
115925
115926
......
122942
122943
122944
122945
122946
122947
122948
122949
122950
122951
122952
122953
122954
122955
122956
......
124706
124707
124708
124709
124710
124711
124712
124713
124714
124715
124716
124717
124718
124719
124720
......
124748
124749
124750
124751
124752
124753
124754
124755
124756
124757
124758
124759
124760
124761
124762
......
124786
124787
124788
124789
124790
124791
124792
124793
124794
124795
124796
124797
124798
124799
124800
......
124813
124814
124815
124816
124817
124818
124819
124820
124821
124822
124823
124824
124825
124826
124827
......
124843
124844
124845
124846
124847
124848
124849
124850
124851
124852
124853
124854
124855
124856
124857
......
128265
128266
128267
128268
128269
128270
128271
128272
128273
128274
128275
128276
128277
128278
128279
128280
128281
128282
128283
128284
128285
128286
128287
128288
128289
128290
128291
128292
128293
128294
128295
128296
128297
......
128421
128422
128423
128424
128425
128426
128427
128428
128429
128430
128431
128432
128433
128434
128435
......
128451
128452
128453
128454
128455
128456
128457
128458
128459
128460
128461
128462
128463
128464
128465
......
128831
128832
128833
128834
128835
128836
128837
128838
128839
128840
128841
128842
128843
128844
128845
......
129048
129049
129050
129051
129052
129053
129054














129055
129056
129057
129058
129059
129060
129061
......
131737
131738
131739
131740
131741
131742
131743


131744
131745
131746
131747
131748
131749
131750
131751
......
133124
133125
133126
133127
133128
133129
133130
133131
133132
133133
133134
133135
133136
133137
133138
......
133148
133149
133150
133151
133152
133153
133154
133155
133156
133157
133158
133159
133160
133161
133162
133163
133164
133165
133166
133167
133168
......
133453
133454
133455
133456
133457
133458
133459
133460
133461
133462
133463
133464
133465
133466
133467
133468
133469
133470
133471
133472
133473
133474
......
133660
133661
133662
133663
133664
133665
133666
133667
133668
133669
133670
133671
133672
133673
133674
133675
133676
133677
133678
133679
133680
133681
......
134425
134426
134427
134428
134429
134430
134431
134432
134433
134434
134435
134436
134437
134438
134439
......
134449
134450
134451
134452
134453
134454
134455
134456
134457
134458
134459
134460
134461
134462
134463
134464
......
134479
134480
134481
134482
134483
134484
134485
134486
134487
134488
134489
134490
134491
134492
134493
134494
134495
134496
134497
......
134545
134546
134547
134548
134549
134550
134551
134552
134553
134554
134555
134556
134557
134558
134559
......
134824
134825
134826
134827
134828
134829
134830
134831
134832
134833
134834
134835
134836
134837
134838
......
134860
134861
134862
134863
134864
134865
134866
134867
134868
134869
134870
134871
134872
134873
134874
134875
134876
134877
134878
134879
134880
134881
134882
134883
134884
134885
134886
......
135265
135266
135267
135268
135269
135270
135271
135272
135273
135274
135275
135276
135277
135278
135279
......
135404
135405
135406
135407
135408
135409
135410
135411
135412
135413
135414
135415
135416
135417
135418
......
135427
135428
135429
135430
135431
135432
135433
135434
135435
135436
135437
135438
135439
135440
135441
135442
135443
135444
135445
135446
......
135454
135455
135456
135457
135458
135459
135460
135461
135462
135463
135464
135465
135466
135467
135468
135469
135470
135471
135472
135473
......
135764
135765
135766
135767
135768
135769
135770
135771
135772
135773
135774
135775
135776
135777
135778
......
135846
135847
135848
135849
135850
135851
135852
135853
135854
135855
135856
135857
135858
135859
135860
135861
135862
135863
135864
135865
135866
135867
135868
135869
......
136207
136208
136209
136210
136211
136212
136213
136214
136215
136216
136217
136218
136219
136220
136221
......
136397
136398
136399
136400
136401
136402
136403
136404
136405
136406
136407
136408
136409
136410
136411
136412
136413
136414
136415
136416
136417
136418
136419
136420
136421
136422
136423
136424
136425
136426
......
136719
136720
136721
136722
136723
136724
136725
136726
136727
136728
136729
136730
136731
136732
136733
136734
......
137327
137328
137329
137330
137331
137332
137333
137334
137335
137336
137337
137338
137339
137340
137341
......
138660
138661
138662
138663
138664
138665
138666
138667
138668
138669
138670
138671
138672
138673
138674
......
138891
138892
138893
138894
138895
138896
138897
138898
138899
138900
138901
138902
138903
138904
138905
138906
138907
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138909
138910
138911
138912
138913
138914
138915
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138930
138931
138932
138933
138934
138935
138936
138937
138938
138939
138940
138941
......
139431
139432
139433
139434
139435
139436
139437
139438
139439
139440
139441
139442
139443
139444
139445
......
139472
139473
139474
139475
139476
139477
139478
139479
139480
139481
139482
139483
139484
139485
139486
139487
139488
......
139492
139493
139494
139495
139496
139497
139498
139499
139500
139501
139502
139503
139504
139505
139506
139507
139508
139509
139510
139511
139512
139513
139514
139515
139516
139517
139518
......
139523
139524
139525
139526
139527
139528
139529
139530
139531
139532
139533
139534
139535
139536
139537
......
151555
151556
151557
151558
151559
151560
151561
151562
151563
151564
151565
151566
151567
151568
151569
......
151645
151646
151647
151648
151649
151650
151651
151652
151653
151654
151655
151656
151657
151658
151659
151660
151661
......
160432
160433
160434
160435
160436
160437
160438

160439
160440
160441
160442
160443
160444
160445
......
160611
160612
160613
160614
160615
160616
160617
160618
160619
160620
160621
160622
160623
160624
160625
......
160651
160652
160653
160654
160655
160656
160657
160658
160659
160660
160661
160662
160663
160664
160665
160666
160667
160668
160669
160670
160671
......
160675
160676
160677
160678
160679
160680
160681
160682
160683
160684
160685
160686
160687
160688
160689
......
160736
160737
160738
160739
160740
160741
160742
160743
160744
160745
160746
160747
160748
160749
160750
160751
160752
160753
160754
160755
160756
160757
......
163522
163523
163524
163525
163526
163527
163528
163529
163530
163531
163532
163533
163534
163535
163536
......
164499
164500
164501
164502
164503
164504
164505
164506
164507
164508
164509
164510
164511
164512
164513
......
165038
165039
165040
165041
165042
165043
165044
165045
165046
165047
165048
165049
165050
165051
165052
165053
165054
165055
165056
165057
......
165117
165118
165119
165120
165121
165122
165123
165124
165125
165126
165127
165128
165129
165130
165131
165132
165133
165134
165135
165136
165137
165138
165139
165140
165141
165142
165143
165144
......
165241
165242
165243
165244
165245
165246
165247
165248
165249
165250
165251
165252
165253
165254
165255
......
165324
165325
165326
165327
165328
165329
165330
165331
165332
165333
165334
165335
165336
165337
165338
......
168546
168547
168548
168549
168550
168551
168552
168553
168554
168555
168556
168557
168558
168559
168560
168561
168562
......
168617
168618
168619
168620
168621
168622
168623
168624
168625
168626
168627
168628
168629
168630
168631
......
170802
170803
170804
170805
170806
170807
170808
170809
170810
170811
170812
170813
170814
170815
170816
......
171452
171453
171454
171455
171456
171457
171458
171459
171460
171461
171462
171463
171464
171465
171466
......
171842
171843
171844
171845
171846
171847
171848
171849
171850
171851
171852
171853
171854
171855
171856
171857
171858
171859
......
192472
192473
192474
192475
192476
192477
192478
192479
192480
192481
192482
192483
192484
192485
192486
192487
......
196187
196188
196189
196190
196191
196192
196193
196194
196195
196196
196197
196198
196199
196200
196201
196202
196203
196204
196205
196206
196207
196208
196209
196210
......
196368
196369
196370
196371
196372
196373
196374
196375
196376
196377
196378
196379
196380
196381
196382
196383
196384
196385
196386
196387
......
196393
196394
196395
196396
196397
196398
196399
196400
196401
196402
196403
196404
196405
196406
196407
196408
196409
196410
196411
196412
196413
196414
196415
196416
196417
196418
196419
196420
196421
......
196430
196431
196432
196433
196434
196435
196436
196437
196438
196439
196440
196441
196442
196443
196444
......
197250
197251
197252
197253
197254
197255
197256
197257
197258
197259
197260
197261
197262
197263
197264
......
197423
197424
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197428
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197431
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197437
......
198005
198006
198007
198008
198009
198010
198011
198012
198013
198014
198015
198016
198017
198018
198019
......
198109
198110
198111
198112
198113
198114
198115
198116
198117
198118
198119
198120
198121
198122
198123
......
198202
198203
198204
198205
198206
198207
198208
198209
198210
198211
198212
198213
198214
198215
198216
......
198793
198794
198795
198796
198797
198798
198799
198800
198801
198802
198803
198804
198805
198806
198807
......
198808
198809
198810
198811
198812
198813
198814
198815
198816
198817
198818
198819
198820
198821
198822
198823
198824
198825
198826
198827
198828
......
199077
199078
199079
199080
199081
199082
199083
199084
199085
199086
199087
199088
199089
199090
199091
......
199128
199129
199130
199131
199132
199133
199134
199135
199136
199137
199138
199139
199140
199141
199142
......
201243
201244
201245
201246
201247
201248
201249
201250
201251
201252
201253
201254
201255
201256
201257
201258
201259
201260
......
205273
205274
205275
205276
205277
205278
205279
205280
205281
205282
205283
205284
205285
205286
205287
......
206046
206047
206048
206049
206050
206051
206052
206053
206054
206055
206056
206057
206058
206059
206060
206061
206062
......
206115
206116
206117
206118
206119
206120
206121
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206123
206124
206125
206126
206127
206128
206129
......
225080
225081
225082
225083
225084
225085
225086
225087
225088
225089
225090
225091
225092
225093
225094
......
229863
229864
229865
229866
229867
229868
229869
229870
229871
229872
229873
229874
229875
229876
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.33.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3033000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2020-06-19 15:24:12 7a876209a678a34c198b54ceef9e3c041f128a14dc73357f6a57cadadaa6cf7b"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY           0x00000080  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB          0x00000100  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB          0x00000200  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB     0x00000400  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL     0x00000800  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL     0x00001000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL       0x00002000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL    0x00004000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX          0x00008000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX        0x00010000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE      0x00020000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE     0x00040000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_WAL              0x00080000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOFOLLOW         0x01000000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */

/* Reserved:                         0x00F00000 */
/* Legacy compatibility: */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL   0x00004000  /* VFS only */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics
**
** The xDeviceCharacteristics method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** object returns an integer which is a vector of these
** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
................................................................................
** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked 
** because the user has configured SQLite with 
** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place 
** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
** string containing the transactions super-journal file name. VFSes that 
** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications 
** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may 
** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.  
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
................................................................................
** <ul>
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_WAL]
** </ul>)^
**
** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
** change the way it deals with files.  For example, an application
** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
** the open of a journal file a no-op.  Writes to this journal would
................................................................................
** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  For example,
** it might allocate any required mutexes or initialize internal data
** structures.  The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
** by xInit.  The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
** xInit and xShutdown.
**
** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN] mutex when it invokes
** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe.  The
** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
** not need to be threadsafe either.  For all other methods, SQLite
** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
................................................................................
** default value of this setting is determined by the [-DSQLITE_DQS]
** compile-time option.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA]]
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA</td>
** <dd>The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option tells SQLite to

** assume that database schemas are untainted by malicious content.
** When the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option is disabled, SQLite
** takes additional defensive steps to protect the application from harm
** including:
** <ul>
** <li> Prohibit the use of SQL functions inside triggers, views,
** CHECK constraints, DEFAULT clauses, expression indexes, 
** partial indexes, or generated columns
................................................................................
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
................................................................................
** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
** integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
**
** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
** next.  Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN      2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_randomness() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2     12  /* For use by extension VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3     13  /* For use by application VFS */

/* Legacy compatibility: */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2


/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
................................................................................
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
** system tables like sqlite_sequence or sqlite_stat1.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the
................................................................................
** the Select query generator tracing logic is turned on.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 0
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 1
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)  \
  if(sqlite3SelectTrace&(K))   \
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%u/%d/%p: ",(S)->selId,(P)->addrExplain,(S)),\
    sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define SELECTTRACE(K,P,S,X)
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 0
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle.
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
................................................................................
struct BusyHandler {
  int (*xBusyHandler)(void *,int);  /* The busy callback */
  void *pBusyArg;                   /* First arg to busy callback */
  int nBusy;                        /* Incremented with each busy call */
};

/*

** Name of table that holds the database schema.

*/
#define DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE          "sqlite_master"
#define DFLT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE     "sqlite_temp_master"
#define ALT_SCHEMA_TABLE           "sqlite_schema"
#define ALT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE      "sqlite_temp_schema"


/*
** The root-page of the schema table.
*/

#define SCHEMA_ROOT    1

/*
** The name of the schema table.  The name is different for TEMP.
*/
#define SCHEMA_TABLE(x) \
    ((!OMIT_TEMPDB)&&(x==1)?DFLT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE:DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE)

/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X)    ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetRequestedReserve(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
................................................................................
*/
typedef struct PgHdr DbPage;

/*
** Page number PAGER_MJ_PGNO is never used in an SQLite database (it is
** reserved for working around a windows/posix incompatibility). It is
** used in the journal to signify that the remainder of the journal file 
** is devoted to storing a super-journal name - there are no more pages to
** roll back. See comments for function writeSuperJournal() in pager.c 
** for details.
*/
#define PAGER_MJ_PGNO(x) ((Pgno)((PENDING_BYTE/((x)->pageSize))+1))

/*
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *); 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *); 

/* Functions used to manage pager transactions and savepoints. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager*, int exFlag, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zSuper, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager, const char *zSuper);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
................................................................................
  int busyTimeout;              /* Busy handler timeout, in msec */
  int nSavepoint;               /* Number of non-transaction savepoints */
  int nStatement;               /* Number of nested statement-transactions  */
  i64 nDeferredCons;            /* Net deferred constraints this transaction. */
  i64 nDeferredImmCons;         /* Net deferred immediate constraints */
  int *pnBytesFreed;            /* If not NULL, increment this in DbFree() */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  /* The following variables are all protected by the STATIC_MAIN
  ** mutex, not by sqlite3.mutex. They are used by code in notify.c.
  **
  ** When X.pUnlockConnection==Y, that means that X is waiting for Y to
  ** unlock so that it can proceed.
  **
  ** When X.pBlockingConnection==Y, that means that something that X tried
  ** tried to do recently failed with an SQLITE_LOCKED error due to locks
................................................................................
** Possible values for the sqlite3.flags.
**
** Value constraints (enforced via assert()):
**      SQLITE_FullFSync     == PAGER_FULLFSYNC
**      SQLITE_CkptFullFSync == PAGER_CKPT_FULLFSYNC
**      SQLITE_CacheSpill    == PAGER_CACHE_SPILL
*/
#define SQLITE_WriteSchema    0x00000001  /* OK to update SQLITE_SCHEMA */
#define SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt  0x00000002  /* Create new databases in format 1 */
#define SQLITE_FullColNames   0x00000004  /* Show full column names on SELECT */
#define SQLITE_FullFSync      0x00000008  /* Use full fsync on the backend */
#define SQLITE_CkptFullFSync  0x00000010  /* Use full fsync for checkpoint */
#define SQLITE_CacheSpill     0x00000020  /* OK to spill pager cache */
#define SQLITE_ShortColNames  0x00000040  /* Show short columns names */
#define SQLITE_TrustedSchema  0x00000080  /* Allow unsafe functions and
................................................................................
** must be unique and what to do if they are not.  When Index.onError=OE_None,
** it means this is not a unique index.  Otherwise it is a unique index
** and the value of Index.onError indicate the which conflict resolution
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
**
** While parsing a CREATE TABLE or CREATE INDEX statement in order to
** generate VDBE code (as opposed to parsing one read from an sqlite_schema
** table as part of parsing an existing database schema), transient instances
** of this structure may be created. In this case the Index.tnum variable is
** used to store the address of a VDBE instruction, not a database page
** number (it cannot - the database page is not allocated until the VDBE
** program is executed). See convertToWithoutRowidTable() for details.
*/
struct Index {
................................................................................
  int sortingIdx;         /* Cursor number of the sorting index */
  int sortingIdxPTab;     /* Cursor number of pseudo-table */
  int nSortingColumn;     /* Number of columns in the sorting index */
  int mnReg, mxReg;       /* Range of registers allocated for aCol and aFunc */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;     /* The group by clause */
  struct AggInfo_col {    /* For each column used in source tables */
    Table *pTab;             /* Source table */
    Expr *pCExpr;            /* The original expression */
    int iTable;              /* Cursor number of the source table */
    int iMem;                /* Memory location that acts as accumulator */
    i16 iColumn;             /* Column number within the source table */
    i16 iSorterColumn;       /* Column number in the sorting index */
  } *aCol;
  int nColumn;            /* Number of used entries in aCol[] */
  int nAccumulator;       /* Number of columns that show through to the output.
                          ** Additional columns are used only as parameters to
                          ** aggregate functions */
  struct AggInfo_func {   /* For each aggregate function */
    Expr *pFExpr;            /* Expression encoding the function */
    FuncDef *pFunc;          /* The aggregate function implementation */
    int iMem;                /* Memory location that acts as accumulator */
    int iDistinct;           /* Ephemeral table used to enforce DISTINCT */
  } *aFunc;
  int nFunc;              /* Number of entries in aFunc[] */
  u32 selId;              /* Select to which this AggInfo belongs */


  AggInfo *pNext;         /* Next in list of them all */
};

/*
** Value for AggInfo.iAggMagic when the structure is valid
*/
#define AggInfoMagic  0x2059e99e
................................................................................
#define EP_Leaf       0x800000 /* Expr.pLeft, .pRight, .u.pSelect all NULL */
#define EP_WinFunc   0x1000000 /* TK_FUNCTION with Expr.y.pWin set */
#define EP_Subrtn    0x2000000 /* Uses Expr.y.sub. TK_IN, _SELECT, or _EXISTS */
#define EP_Quoted    0x4000000 /* TK_ID was originally quoted */
#define EP_Static    0x8000000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_IsTrue   0x10000000 /* Always has boolean value of TRUE */
#define EP_IsFalse  0x20000000 /* Always has boolean value of FALSE */
#define EP_FromDDL  0x40000000 /* Originates from sqlite_schema */
               /*   0x80000000 // Available */

/*
** The EP_Propagate mask is a set of properties that automatically propagate
** upwards into parent nodes.
*/
#define EP_Propagate (EP_Collate|EP_Subquery|EP_HasFunc)
................................................................................
      u8 jointype;      /* Type of join between this table and the previous */
      unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
      unsigned isIndexedBy :1;   /* True if there is an INDEXED BY clause */
      unsigned isTabFunc :1;     /* True if table-valued-function syntax */
      unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
      unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
      unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
      unsigned fromDDL :1;       /* Comes from sqlite_schema */
    } fg;
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    union {
      char *zIndexedBy;    /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
................................................................................
#define NC_UUpsert   0x00200  /* True if uNC.pUpsert is used */
#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x01000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */
#define NC_Complex   0x02000  /* True if a function or subquery seen */
#define NC_AllowWin  0x04000  /* Window functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasWin    0x08000  /* One or more window functions seen */
#define NC_IsDDL     0x10000  /* Resolving names in a CREATE statement */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x20000  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_FromDDL   0x40000  /* SQL text comes from sqlite_schema */

/*
** An instance of the following object describes a single ON CONFLICT
** clause in an upsert.
**
** The pUpsertTarget field is only set if the ON CONFLICT clause includes
** conflict-target clause.  (In "ON CONFLICT(a,b)" the "(a,b)" is the
................................................................................
#define SF_MaybeConvert  0x0008000 /* Need convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_Converted     0x0010000 /* By convertCompoundSelectToSubquery() */
#define SF_IncludeHidden 0x0020000 /* Include hidden columns in output */
#define SF_ComplexResult 0x0040000 /* Result contains subquery or function */
#define SF_WhereBegin    0x0080000 /* Really a WhereBegin() call.  Debug Only */
#define SF_WinRewrite    0x0100000 /* Window function rewrite accomplished */
#define SF_View          0x0200000 /* SELECT statement is a view */
#define SF_NoopOrderBy   0x0400000 /* ORDER BY is ignored for this query */

/*
** The results of a SELECT can be distributed in several ways, as defined
** by one of the following macros.  The "SRT" prefix means "SELECT Result
** Type".
**
**     SRT_Union       Store results as a key in a temporary index
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetOneSchema(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(sqlite3*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(Parse*,ExprList*,i16*,Column**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(Parse*,Table*,Select*,char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*,char);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenSchemaTable(Parse *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i16 sqlite3TableColumnToIndex(Index*, i16);
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_GENERATED_COLUMNS
# define sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(T,X) (X)  /* No-op pass-through */
# define sqlite3StorageColumnToTable(T,X) (X)  /* No-op pass-through */
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   i16 sqlite3TableColumnToStorage(Table*, i16);
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char sqlite3StrBINARY[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_WSD struct Sqlite3Config sqlite3Config;
SQLITE_PRIVATE FuncDefHash sqlite3BuiltinFunctions;
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3SelectTrace;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte;
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_AMALGAMATION */
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_uint64 sqlite3NProfileCnt;
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RootPageMoved(sqlite3*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Reindex(Parse*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterRenameTable(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*);
................................................................................
** Changing the pending byte during operation will result in undefined
** and incorrect behavior.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PendingByte = 0x40000000;
#endif

/*
** Flags for select tracing and the ".selecttrace" macro of the CLI
*/
/**/ u32 sqlite3SelectTrace = 0;

/* #include "opcodes.h" */
/*
** Properties of opcodes.  The OPFLG_INITIALIZER macro is
** created by mkopcodeh.awk during compilation.  Data is obtained
** from the comments following the "case OP_xxxx:" statements in
** the vdbe.c file.  
*/
................................................................................
** local time.
*/
static int osLocaltime(time_t *t, struct tm *pTm){
  int rc;
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) pX = 0;
#endif
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
................................................................................

  iT = sqlite3StmtCurrentTime(context);
  if( iT<=0 ) return;
  t = iT/1000 - 10000*(sqlite3_int64)21086676;
#if HAVE_GMTIME_R
  pTm = gmtime_r(&t, &sNow);
#else
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN));
  pTm = gmtime(&t);
  if( pTm ) memcpy(&sNow, pTm, sizeof(sNow));
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN));
#endif
  if( pTm ){
    strftime(zBuf, 20, zFormat, &sNow);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, zBuf, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }
}
#endif
................................................................................
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return 0;
#endif
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  for(pVfs = vfsList; pVfs; pVfs=pVfs->pNext){
    if( zVfs==0 ) break;
    if( strcmp(zVfs, pVfs->zName)==0 ) break;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
................................................................................
  return pVfs;
}

/*
** Unlink a VFS from the linked list
*/
static void vfsUnlink(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN)) );
  if( pVfs==0 ){
    /* No-op */
  }else if( vfsList==pVfs ){
    vfsList = pVfs->pNext;
  }else if( vfsList ){
    sqlite3_vfs *p = vfsList;
    while( p->pNext && p->pNext!=pVfs ){
................................................................................
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( pVfs==0 ) return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
#endif

  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  if( makeDflt || vfsList==0 ){
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList;
    vfsList = pVfs;
  }else{
    pVfs->pNext = vfsList->pNext;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs){
  MUTEX_LOGIC(sqlite3_mutex *mutex;)
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return rc;
#endif
  MUTEX_LOGIC( mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  vfsUnlink(pVfs);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/************** End of os.c **************************************************/
................................................................................
  ** Mutex to control access to the memory allocation subsystem.
  */
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;
  
  /*
  ** The minimum amount of free space that we have seen.
  */
  u32 mnKeyBlk;

  /*
  ** iKeyBlk is the index of the key chunk.  Most new allocations
  ** occur off of this chunk.  szKeyBlk is the size (in Mem3Blocks)
  ** of the current key chunk.  iKeyBlk is 0 if there is no key chunk.
  ** The key chunk is not in either the aiHash[] or aiSmall[].
  */
  u32 iKeyBlk;
  u32 szKeyBlk;

  /*
  ** Array of lists of free blocks according to the block size 
  ** for smaller chunks, or a hash on the block size for larger
  ** chunks.
  */
  u32 aiSmall[MX_SMALL-1];   /* For sizes 2 through MX_SMALL, inclusive */
................................................................................
  mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x = nBlock*4 | 1 | (x&2);
  mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.prevSize = nBlock;
  mem3.aPool[i+nBlock-1].u.hdr.size4x |= 2;
  return &mem3.aPool[i];
}

/*
** Carve a piece off of the end of the mem3.iKeyBlk free chunk.
** Return a pointer to the new allocation.  Or, if the key chunk
** is not large enough, return 0.
*/
static void *memsys3FromKeyBlk(u32 nBlock){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
  assert( mem3.szKeyBlk>=nBlock );
  if( nBlock>=mem3.szKeyBlk-1 ){
    /* Use the entire key chunk */
    void *p = memsys3Checkout(mem3.iKeyBlk, mem3.szKeyBlk);
    mem3.iKeyBlk = 0;
    mem3.szKeyBlk = 0;
    mem3.mnKeyBlk = 0;
    return p;
  }else{
    /* Split the key block.  Return the tail. */
    u32 newi, x;
    newi = mem3.iKeyBlk + mem3.szKeyBlk - nBlock;
    assert( newi > mem3.iKeyBlk+1 );
    mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.prevSize = nBlock;
    mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x |= 2;
    mem3.aPool[newi-1].u.hdr.size4x = nBlock*4 + 1;
    mem3.szKeyBlk -= nBlock;
    mem3.aPool[newi-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szKeyBlk;
    x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
    mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szKeyBlk*4 | x;
    if( mem3.szKeyBlk < mem3.mnKeyBlk ){
      mem3.mnKeyBlk = mem3.szKeyBlk;
    }
    return (void*)&mem3.aPool[newi];
  }
}

/*
** *pRoot is the head of a list of free chunks of the same size
** or same size hash.  In other words, *pRoot is an entry in either
** mem3.aiSmall[] or mem3.aiHash[].  
**
** This routine examines all entries on the given list and tries
** to coalesce each entries with adjacent free chunks.  
**
** If it sees a chunk that is larger than mem3.iKeyBlk, it replaces 
** the current mem3.iKeyBlk with the new larger chunk.  In order for
** this mem3.iKeyBlk replacement to work, the key chunk must be
** linked into the hash tables.  That is not the normal state of
** affairs, of course.  The calling routine must link the key
** chunk before invoking this routine, then must unlink the (possibly
** changed) key chunk once this routine has finished.
*/
static void memsys3Merge(u32 *pRoot){
  u32 iNext, prev, size, i, x;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem3.mutex) );
  for(i=*pRoot; i>0; i=iNext){
    iNext = mem3.aPool[i].u.list.next;
................................................................................
      mem3.aPool[prev-1].u.hdr.size4x = size*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[prev+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize = size;
      memsys3Link(prev);
      i = prev;
    }else{
      size /= 4;
    }
    if( size>mem3.szKeyBlk ){
      mem3.iKeyBlk = i;
      mem3.szKeyBlk = size;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return a block of memory of at least nBytes in size.
** Return NULL if unable.
................................................................................
        return memsys3Checkout(i, nBlock);
      }
    }
  }

  /* STEP 2:
  ** Try to satisfy the allocation by carving a piece off of the end
  ** of the key chunk.  This step usually works if step 1 fails.
  */
  if( mem3.szKeyBlk>=nBlock ){
    return memsys3FromKeyBlk(nBlock);
  }


  /* STEP 3:  
  ** Loop through the entire memory pool.  Coalesce adjacent free
  ** chunks.  Recompute the key chunk as the largest free chunk.
  ** Then try again to satisfy the allocation by carving a piece off
  ** of the end of the key chunk.  This step happens very
  ** rarely (we hope!)
  */
  for(toFree=nBlock*16; toFree<(mem3.nPool*16); toFree *= 2){
    memsys3OutOfMemory(toFree);
    if( mem3.iKeyBlk ){
      memsys3Link(mem3.iKeyBlk);
      mem3.iKeyBlk = 0;
      mem3.szKeyBlk = 0;
    }
    for(i=0; i<N_HASH; i++){
      memsys3Merge(&mem3.aiHash[i]);
    }
    for(i=0; i<MX_SMALL-1; i++){
      memsys3Merge(&mem3.aiSmall[i]);
    }
    if( mem3.szKeyBlk ){
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iKeyBlk);
      if( mem3.szKeyBlk>=nBlock ){
        return memsys3FromKeyBlk(nBlock);
      }
    }
  }

  /* If none of the above worked, then we fail. */
  return 0;
}
................................................................................
  size = mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
  assert( i+size<=mem3.nPool+1 );
  mem3.aPool[i-1].u.hdr.size4x &= ~1;
  mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.prevSize = size;
  mem3.aPool[i+size-1].u.hdr.size4x &= ~2;
  memsys3Link(i);

  /* Try to expand the key using the newly freed chunk */
  if( mem3.iKeyBlk ){
    while( (mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x&2)==0 ){
      size = mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.prevSize;
      mem3.iKeyBlk -= size;
      mem3.szKeyBlk += size;
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iKeyBlk);
      x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szKeyBlk*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szKeyBlk;
    }
    x = mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x & 2;
    while( (mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x&1)==0 ){
      memsys3Unlink(mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk);
      mem3.szKeyBlk += mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x/4;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.size4x = mem3.szKeyBlk*4 | x;
      mem3.aPool[mem3.iKeyBlk+mem3.szKeyBlk-1].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.szKeyBlk;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return the size of an outstanding allocation, in bytes.  The
** size returned omits the 8-byte header overhead.  This only
................................................................................
  }

  /* Store a pointer to the memory block in global structure mem3. */
  assert( sizeof(Mem3Block)==8 );
  mem3.aPool = (Mem3Block *)sqlite3GlobalConfig.pHeap;
  mem3.nPool = (sqlite3GlobalConfig.nHeap / sizeof(Mem3Block)) - 2;

  /* Initialize the key block. */
  mem3.szKeyBlk = mem3.nPool;
  mem3.mnKeyBlk = mem3.szKeyBlk;
  mem3.iKeyBlk = 1;
  mem3.aPool[0].u.hdr.size4x = (mem3.szKeyBlk<<2) + 2;
  mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool].u.hdr.prevSize = mem3.nPool;
  mem3.aPool[mem3.nPool].u.hdr.size4x = 1;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
................................................................................
      assert( 0 );
      break;
    }
    if( size&1 ){
      fprintf(out, "%p %6d bytes checked out\n", &mem3.aPool[i], (size/4)*8-8);
    }else{
      fprintf(out, "%p %6d bytes free%s\n", &mem3.aPool[i], (size/4)*8-8,
                  i==mem3.iKeyBlk ? " **key**" : "");
    }
  }
  for(i=0; i<MX_SMALL-1; i++){
    if( mem3.aiSmall[i]==0 ) continue;
    fprintf(out, "small(%2d):", i);
    for(j = mem3.aiSmall[i]; j>0; j=mem3.aPool[j].u.list.next){
      fprintf(out, " %p(%d)", &mem3.aPool[j],
................................................................................
    fprintf(out, "hash(%2d):", i);
    for(j = mem3.aiHash[i]; j>0; j=mem3.aPool[j].u.list.next){
      fprintf(out, " %p(%d)", &mem3.aPool[j],
              (mem3.aPool[j-1].u.hdr.size4x/4)*8-8);
    }
    fprintf(out, "\n"); 
  }
  fprintf(out, "key=%d\n", mem3.iKeyBlk);
  fprintf(out, "nowUsed=%d\n", mem3.nPool*8 - mem3.szKeyBlk*8);
  fprintf(out, "mxUsed=%d\n", mem3.nPool*8 - mem3.mnKeyBlk*8);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem3.mutex);
  if( out==stdout ){
    fflush(stdout);
  }else{
    fclose(out);
  }
#else
................................................................................
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated.  SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error.  The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
        pWin = ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ? pExpr->y.pWin : 0;
#else
        pWin = 0;
#endif 
      }
      if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ){
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "AGG_FUNCTION%d %Q%s agg=%d[%d]/%p",
                             pExpr->op2, pExpr->u.zToken, zFlgs,
                             pExpr->pAggInfo ? pExpr->pAggInfo->selId : 0,
                             pExpr->iAgg, pExpr->pAggInfo);
      }else if( pExpr->op2!=0 ){
        const char *zOp2;
        char zBuf[8];
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"0x%02x",pExpr->op2);
        zOp2 = zBuf;
        if( pExpr->op2==NC_IsCheck ) zOp2 = "NC_IsCheck";
................................................................................
){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile *)id;
  int got;
  assert( id );
  assert( offset>=0 );
  assert( amt>0 );

  /* If this is a database file (not a journal, super-journal or temp
  ** file), the bytes in the locking range should never be read or written. */
#if 0
  assert( pFile->pPreallocatedUnused==0
       || offset>=PENDING_BYTE+512
       || offset+amt<=PENDING_BYTE 
  );
#endif
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 offset 
){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int wrote = 0;
  assert( id );
  assert( amt>0 );

  /* If this is a database file (not a journal, super-journal or temp
  ** file), the bytes in the locking range should never be read or written. */
#if 0
  assert( pFile->pPreallocatedUnused==0
       || offset>=PENDING_BYTE+512
       || offset+amt<=PENDING_BYTE 
  );
#endif
................................................................................
** if SQLITE_PREFER_PROXY_LOCKING is defined.
*/
static int proxyTransformUnixFile(unixFile*, const char*);
#endif

/*
** Search for an unused file descriptor that was opened on the database 
** file (not a journal or super-journal file) identified by pathname
** zPath with SQLITE_OPEN_XXX flags matching those passed as the second
** argument to this function.
**
** Such a file descriptor may exist if a database connection was closed
** but the associated file descriptor could not be closed because some
** other file descriptor open on the same file is holding a file-lock.
** Refer to comments in the unixClose() function and the lengthy comment
................................................................................
    ** where NN is a decimal number. The NN naming schemes are 
    ** used by the test_multiplex.c module.
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
    while( zPath[nDb]!='-' ){
      /* In normal operation, the journal file name will always contain
      ** a '-' character.  However in 8+3 filename mode, or if a corrupt
      ** rollback journal specifies a super-journal with a goofy name, then
      ** the '-' might be missing. */
      if( nDb==0 || zPath[nDb]=='.' ) return SQLITE_OK;
      nDb--;
    }
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

................................................................................
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int isAutoProxy  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_AUTOPROXY);
#endif
#if defined(__APPLE__) || SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  struct statfs fsInfo;
#endif

  /* If creating a super- or main-file journal, this function will open
  ** a file-descriptor on the directory too. The first time unixSync()
  ** is called the directory file descriptor will be fsync()ed and close()d.
  */
  int isNewJrnl = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
................................................................................
  **   (d) if DELETEONCLOSE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  */
  assert((isReadonly==0 || isReadWrite==0) && (isReadWrite || isReadonly));
  assert(isCreate==0 || isReadWrite);
  assert(isExclusive==0 || isCreate);
  assert(isDelete==0 || isCreate);

  /* The main DB, main journal, WAL file and super-journal are never 
  ** automatically deleted. Nor are they ever temporary files.  */
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );

  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL 
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  /* Detect a pid change and reset the PRNG.  There is a race condition
  ** here such that two or more threads all trying to open databases at
  ** the same instant might all reset the PRNG.  But multiple resets
  ** are harmless.
................................................................................
      }
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  assert( zPath==0 || zPath[0]=='/' 
      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
  );
  rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, pFile, zPath, ctrlFlags);

open_finished:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(p->pPreallocatedUnused);
  }
................................................................................
** If a Win32 native heap has been configured, this function will attempt to
** destroy and recreate it.  If the Win32 native heap is not isolated and/or
** the sqlite3_memory_used() function does not return zero, SQLITE_BUSY will
** be returned and no changes will be made to the Win32 native heap.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_win32_reset_heap(){
  int rc;
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMainMtx; ) /* The main static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMem; )    /* The memsys static mutex */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMainMtx = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN); )
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMem = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMainMtx);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMem);
  winMemAssertMagic();
  if( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL && winMemGetOwned() && sqlite3_memory_used()==0 ){
    /*
    ** At this point, there should be no outstanding memory allocations on
    ** the heap.  Also, since both the main and memsys locks are currently
    ** being held by us, no other function (i.e. from another thread) should
    ** be able to even access the heap.  Attempt to destroy and recreate our
    ** isolated Win32 native heap now.
    */
    assert( winMemGetHeap()!=NULL );
    assert( winMemGetOwned() );
    assert( sqlite3_memory_used()==0 );
................................................................................
  }else{
    /*
    ** The Win32 native heap cannot be modified because it may be in use.
    */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMem);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMainMtx);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** This function outputs the specified (ANSI) string to the Win32 debugger
** (if available).
................................................................................
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
  int isCreate     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
  int isReadonly   = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY);
  int isReadWrite  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE);

#ifndef NDEBUG
  int isOpenJournal = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));
#endif

  OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, pFile=%p, flags=%x, pOutFlags=%p\n",
           zUtf8Name, id, flags, pOutFlags));
................................................................................
  **   (d) if DELETEONCLOSE is set, then CREATE must also be set.
  */
  assert((isReadonly==0 || isReadWrite==0) && (isReadWrite || isReadonly));
  assert(isCreate==0 || isReadWrite);
  assert(isExclusive==0 || isCreate);
  assert(isDelete==0 || isCreate);

  /* The main DB, main journal, WAL file and super-journal are never
  ** automatically deleted. Nor are they ever temporary files.  */
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL );
  assert( (!isDelete && zName) || eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_WAL );

  /* Assert that the upper layer has set one of the "file-type" flags. */
  assert( eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB      || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL   || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL
       || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

................................................................................
  assert( pOutFlags!=0 );  /* True because flags==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB */
  *pOutFlags = flags | SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY;
  p->base.pMethods = &memdb_io_methods;
  p->szMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMemdbSize;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#if 0 /* Only used to delete rollback journals, super-journals, and WAL
      ** files, none of which exist in memdb.  So this routine is never used */
/*
** Delete the file located at zPath. If the dirSync argument is true,
** ensure the file-system modifications are synced to disk before
** returning.
*/
static int memdbDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
................................................................................
** (4) Reads from the database file are either aligned on a page boundary and
**     an integer multiple of the page size in length or are taken from the
**     first 100 bytes of the database file.
** 
** (5) All writes to the database file are synced prior to the rollback journal
**     being deleted, truncated, or zeroed.
** 
** (6) If a super-journal file is used, then all writes to the database file
**     are synced prior to the super-journal being deleted.
** 
** Definition: Two databases (or the same database at two points it time)
** are said to be "logically equivalent" if they give the same answer to
** all queries.  Note in particular the content of freelist leaf
** pages can be changed arbitrarily without affecting the logical equivalence
** of the database.
** 
................................................................................
**   The changeCountDone flag is inspected. If it is true, the work of
**   updating the change-counter is omitted for the current transaction.
**
**   This mechanism means that when running in exclusive mode, a connection 
**   need only update the change-counter once, for the first transaction
**   committed.
**
** setSuper
**
**   When PagerCommitPhaseOne() is called to commit a transaction, it may
**   (or may not) specify a super-journal name to be written into the 
**   journal file before it is synced to disk.
**
**   Whether or not a journal file contains a super-journal pointer affects 
**   the way in which the journal file is finalized after the transaction is 
**   committed or rolled back when running in "journal_mode=PERSIST" mode.
**   If a journal file does not contain a super-journal pointer, it is
**   finalized by overwriting the first journal header with zeroes. If
**   it does contain a super-journal pointer the journal file is finalized 
**   by truncating it to zero bytes, just as if the connection were 
**   running in "journal_mode=truncate" mode.
**
**   Journal files that contain super-journal pointers cannot be finalized
**   simply by overwriting the first journal-header with zeroes, as the
**   super-journal pointer could interfere with hot-journal rollback of any
**   subsequently interrupted transaction that reuses the journal file.
**
**   The flag is cleared as soon as the journal file is finalized (either
**   by PagerCommitPhaseTwo or PagerRollback). If an IO error prevents the
**   journal file from being successfully finalized, the setSuper flag
**   is cleared anyway (and the pager will move to ERROR state).
**
** doNotSpill
**
**   This variables control the behavior of cache-spills  (calls made by
**   the pcache module to the pagerStress() routine to write cached data
**   to the file-system in order to free up memory).
................................................................................
  ** or the journal_mode).  From another view, these class members describe
  ** the "state" of the pager, while other class members describe the
  ** "configuration" of the pager.
  */
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setSuper;                /* Super-jrnl name is written into jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasHeldSharedLock;       /* True if a shared lock has ever been held */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
................................................................................
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbSize==pPager->dbOrigSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      assert( pPager->setSuper==0 );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD:
      assert( p->eLock!=UNKNOWN_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      if( !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
        /* It is possible that if journal_mode=wal here that neither the
................................................................................
#define pager_pagehash(X)  0
#define pager_set_pagehash(X)
#define CHECK_PAGE(x)
#endif  /* SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES */

/*
** When this is called the journal file for pager pPager must be open.
** This function attempts to read a super-journal file name from the 
** end of the file and, if successful, copies it into memory supplied 
** by the caller. See comments above writeSuperJournal() for the format
** used to store a super-journal file name at the end of a journal file.
**
** zSuper must point to a buffer of at least nSuper bytes allocated by
** the caller. This should be sqlite3_vfs.mxPathname+1 (to ensure there is
** enough space to write the super-journal name). If the super-journal
** name in the journal is longer than nSuper bytes (including a
** nul-terminator), then this is handled as if no super-journal name
** were present in the journal.
**
** If a super-journal file name is present at the end of the journal
** file, then it is copied into the buffer pointed to by zSuper. A
** nul-terminator byte is appended to the buffer following the
** super-journal file name.
**
** If it is determined that no super-journal file name is present 
** zSuper[0] is set to 0 and SQLITE_OK returned.
**
** If an error occurs while reading from the journal file, an SQLite
** error code is returned.
*/
static int readSuperJournal(sqlite3_file *pJrnl, char *zSuper, u32 nSuper){
  int rc;                    /* Return code */
  u32 len;                   /* Length in bytes of super-journal name */
  i64 szJ;                   /* Total size in bytes of journal file pJrnl */
  u32 cksum;                 /* MJ checksum value read from journal */
  u32 u;                     /* Unsigned loop counter */
  unsigned char aMagic[8];   /* A buffer to hold the magic header */
  zSuper[0] = '\0';

  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pJrnl, &szJ))
   || szJ<16
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pJrnl, szJ-16, &len))
   || len>=nSuper 
   || len>szJ-16
   || len==0 
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = read32bits(pJrnl, szJ-12, &cksum))
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsRead(pJrnl, aMagic, 8, szJ-8))
   || memcmp(aMagic, aJournalMagic, 8)
   || SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsRead(pJrnl, zSuper, len, szJ-16-len))
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* See if the checksum matches the super-journal name */
  for(u=0; u<len; u++){
    cksum -= zSuper[u];
  }
  if( cksum ){
    /* If the checksum doesn't add up, then one or more of the disk sectors
    ** containing the super-journal filename is corrupted. This means
    ** definitely roll back, so just return SQLITE_OK and report a (nul)
    ** super-journal filename.
    */
    len = 0;
  }
  zSuper[len] = '\0';
  zSuper[len+1] = '\0';
   
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the offset of the sector boundary at or immediately 
** following the value in pPager->journalOff, assuming a sector 
................................................................................

  pPager->journalOff += JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager);
  return rc;
}


/*
** Write the supplied super-journal name into the journal file for pager
** pPager at the current location. The super-journal name must be the last
** thing written to a journal file. If the pager is in full-sync mode, the
** journal file descriptor is advanced to the next sector boundary before
** anything is written. The format is:
**
**   + 4 bytes: PAGER_MJ_PGNO.
**   + N bytes: super-journal filename in utf-8.
**   + 4 bytes: N (length of super-journal name in bytes, no nul-terminator).
**   + 4 bytes: super-journal name checksum.
**   + 8 bytes: aJournalMagic[].
**
** The super-journal page checksum is the sum of the bytes in thesuper-journal
** name, where each byte is interpreted as a signed 8-bit integer.
**
** If zSuper is a NULL pointer (occurs for a single database transaction), 
** this call is a no-op.
*/
static int writeSuperJournal(Pager *pPager, const char *zSuper){
  int rc;                          /* Return code */
  int nSuper;                      /* Length of string zSuper */
  i64 iHdrOff;                     /* Offset of header in journal file */
  i64 jrnlSize;                    /* Size of journal file on disk */
  u32 cksum = 0;                   /* Checksum of string zSuper */

  assert( pPager->setSuper==0 );
  assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );

  if( !zSuper 
   || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
   || !isOpen(pPager->jfd)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->setSuper = 1;
  assert( pPager->journalHdr <= pPager->journalOff );

  /* Calculate the length in bytes and the checksum of zSuper */
  for(nSuper=0; zSuper[nSuper]; nSuper++){
    cksum += zSuper[nSuper];
  }

  /* If in full-sync mode, advance to the next disk sector before writing
  ** the super-journal name. This is in case the previous page written to
  ** the journal has already been synced.
  */
  if( pPager->fullSync ){
    pPager->journalOff = journalHdrOffset(pPager);
  }
  iHdrOff = pPager->journalOff;

  /* Write the super-journal data to the end of the journal file. If
  ** an error occurs, return the error code to the caller.
  */
  if( (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff, PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager))))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, zSuper, nSuper, iHdrOff+4)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nSuper, nSuper)))
   || (0 != (rc = write32bits(pPager->jfd, iHdrOff+4+nSuper+4, cksum)))
   || (0 != (rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pPager->jfd, aJournalMagic, 8,
                                 iHdrOff+4+nSuper+8)))
  ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPager->journalOff += (nSuper+20);

  /* If the pager is in peristent-journal mode, then the physical 
  ** journal-file may extend past the end of the super-journal name
  ** and 8 bytes of magic data just written to the file. This is 
  ** dangerous because the code to rollback a hot-journal file
  ** will not be able to find the super-journal name to determine 
  ** whether or not the journal is hot. 
  **
  ** Easiest thing to do in this scenario is to truncate the journal 
  ** file to the required size.
  */ 
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &jrnlSize))
   && jrnlSize>pPager->journalOff
................................................................................
    if( USEFETCH(pPager) ) sqlite3OsUnfetch(pPager->fd, 0, 0);
    pPager->errCode = SQLITE_OK;
    setGetterMethod(pPager);
  }

  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  pPager->journalHdr = 0;
  pPager->setSuper = 0;
}

/*
** This function is called whenever an IOERR or FULL error that requires
** the pager to transition into the ERROR state may ahve occurred.
** The first argument is a pointer to the pager structure, the second 
** the error-code about to be returned by a pager API function. The 
................................................................................
** database then the IO error code is returned to the user. If the 
** operation to finalize the journal file fails, then the code still
** tries to unlock the database file if not in exclusive mode. If the
** unlock operation fails as well, then the first error code related
** to the first error encountered (the journal finalization one) is
** returned.
*/
static int pager_end_transaction(Pager *pPager, int hasSuper, int bCommit){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;      /* Error code from journal finalization operation */
  int rc2 = SQLITE_OK;     /* Error code from db file unlock operation */

  /* Do nothing if the pager does not have an open write transaction
  ** or at least a RESERVED lock. This function may be called when there
  ** is no write-transaction active but a RESERVED or greater lock is
  ** held under two circumstances:
................................................................................
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasSuper||pPager->tempFile);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal.
      */
................................................................................

  if( !pPager->exclusiveMode 
   && (!pagerUseWal(pPager) || sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(pPager->pWal, 0))
  ){
    rc2 = pagerUnlockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
  }
  pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
  pPager->setSuper = 0;

  return (rc==SQLITE_OK?rc2:rc);
}

/*
** Execute a rollback if a transaction is active and unlock the 
** database file. 
................................................................................
    }
    sqlite3PcacheRelease(pPg);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Parameter zSuper is the name of a super-journal file. A single journal
** file that referred to the super-journal file has just been rolled back.
** This routine checks if it is possible to delete the super-journal file,
** and does so if it is.
**
** Argument zSuper may point to Pager.pTmpSpace. So that buffer is not 
** available for use within this function.
**
** When a super-journal file is created, it is populated with the names 
** of all of its child journals, one after another, formatted as utf-8 
** encoded text. The end of each child journal file is marked with a 
** nul-terminator byte (0x00). i.e. the entire contents of a super-journal
** file for a transaction involving two databases might be:
**
**   "/home/bill/a.db-journal\x00/home/bill/b.db-journal\x00"
**
** A super-journal file may only be deleted once all of its child 
** journals have been rolled back.
**
** This function reads the contents of the super-journal file into 
** memory and loops through each of the child journal names. For
** each child journal, it checks if:
**
**   * if the child journal exists, and if so
**   * if the child journal contains a reference to super-journal 
**     file zSuper
**
** If a child journal can be found that matches both of the criteria
** above, this function returns without doing anything. Otherwise, if
** no such child journal can be found, file zSuper is deleted from
** the file-system using sqlite3OsDelete().
**
** If an IO error within this function, an error code is returned. This
** function allocates memory by calling sqlite3Malloc(). If an allocation
** fails, SQLITE_NOMEM is returned. Otherwise, if no IO or malloc errors 
** occur, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** TODO: This function allocates a single block of memory to load
** the entire contents of the super-journal file. This could be
** a couple of kilobytes or so - potentially larger than the page 
** size.
*/
static int pager_delsuper(Pager *pPager, const char *zSuper){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  int rc;                   /* Return code */
  sqlite3_file *pSuper;     /* Malloc'd super-journal file descriptor */
  sqlite3_file *pJournal;   /* Malloc'd child-journal file descriptor */
  char *zSuperJournal = 0;  /* Contents of super-journal file */
  i64 nSuperJournal;        /* Size of super-journal file */
  char *zJournal;           /* Pointer to one journal within MJ file */
  char *zSuperPtr;          /* Space to hold super-journal filename */
  int nSuperPtr;            /* Amount of space allocated to zSuperPtr[] */

  /* Allocate space for both the pJournal and pSuper file descriptors.
  ** If successful, open the super-journal file for reading.
  */
  pSuper = (sqlite3_file *)sqlite3MallocZero(pVfs->szOsFile * 2);
  pJournal = (sqlite3_file *)(((u8 *)pSuper) + pVfs->szOsFile);
  if( !pSuper ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    const int flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY|SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL);
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zSuper, pSuper, flags, 0);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto delsuper_out;

  /* Load the entire super-journal file into space obtained from
  ** sqlite3_malloc() and pointed to by zSuperJournal.   Also obtain
  ** sufficient space (in zSuperPtr) to hold the names of super-journal
  ** files extracted from regular rollback-journals.
  */
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pSuper, &nSuperJournal);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto delsuper_out;
  nSuperPtr = pVfs->mxPathname+1;
  zSuperJournal = sqlite3Malloc(nSuperJournal + nSuperPtr + 2);
  if( !zSuperJournal ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    goto delsuper_out;
  }
  zSuperPtr = &zSuperJournal[nSuperJournal+2];
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pSuper, zSuperJournal, (int)nSuperJournal, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto delsuper_out;
  zSuperJournal[nSuperJournal] = 0;
  zSuperJournal[nSuperJournal+1] = 0;

  zJournal = zSuperJournal;
  while( (zJournal-zSuperJournal)<nSuperJournal ){
    int exists;
    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zJournal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &exists);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto delsuper_out;
    }
    if( exists ){
      /* One of the journals pointed to by the super-journal exists.
      ** Open it and check if it points at the super-journal. If
      ** so, return without deleting the super-journal file.
      ** NB:  zJournal is really a MAIN_JOURNAL.  But call it a 
      ** SUPER_JOURNAL here so that the VFS will not send the zJournal
      ** name into sqlite3_database_file_object().
      */
      int c;
      int flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY|SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL);
      rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zJournal, pJournal, flags, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto delsuper_out;
      }

      rc = readSuperJournal(pJournal, zSuperPtr, nSuperPtr);
      sqlite3OsClose(pJournal);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto delsuper_out;
      }

      c = zSuperPtr[0]!=0 && strcmp(zSuperPtr, zSuper)==0;
      if( c ){
        /* We have a match. Do not delete the super-journal file. */
        goto delsuper_out;
      }
    }
    zJournal += (sqlite3Strlen30(zJournal)+1);
  }
 
  sqlite3OsClose(pSuper);
  rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zSuper, 0);

delsuper_out:
  sqlite3_free(zSuperJournal);
  if( pSuper ){
    sqlite3OsClose(pSuper);
    assert( !isOpen(pJournal) );
    sqlite3_free(pSuper);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** This function is used to change the actual size of the database 
................................................................................
}

/*
** Set the value of the Pager.sectorSize variable for the given
** pager based on the value returned by the xSectorSize method
** of the open database file. The sector size will be used 
** to determine the size and alignment of journal header and 
** super-journal pointers within created journal files.
**
** For temporary files the effective sector size is always 512 bytes.
**
** Otherwise, for non-temporary files, the effective sector size is
** the value returned by the xSectorSize() method rounded up to 32 if
** it is less than 32, or rounded down to MAX_SECTOR_SIZE if it
** is greater than MAX_SECTOR_SIZE.
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pPager->pVfs;
  i64 szJ;                 /* Size of the journal file in bytes */
  u32 nRec;                /* Number of Records in the journal */
  u32 u;                   /* Unsigned loop counter */
  Pgno mxPg = 0;           /* Size of the original file in pages */
  int rc;                  /* Result code of a subroutine */
  int res = 1;             /* Value returned by sqlite3OsAccess() */
  char *zSuper = 0;        /* Name of super-journal file if any */
  int needPagerReset;      /* True to reset page prior to first page rollback */
  int nPlayback = 0;       /* Total number of pages restored from journal */
  u32 savedPageSize = pPager->pageSize;

  /* Figure out how many records are in the journal.  Abort early if
  ** the journal is empty.
  */
  assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) );
  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pPager->jfd, &szJ);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto end_playback;
  }

  /* Read the super-journal name from the journal, if it is present.
  ** If a super-journal file name is specified, but the file is not
  ** present on disk, then the journal is not hot and does not need to be
  ** played back.
  **
  ** TODO: Technically the following is an error because it assumes that
  ** buffer Pager.pTmpSpace is (mxPathname+1) bytes or larger. i.e. that
  ** (pPager->pageSize >= pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1). Using os_unix.c,
  ** mxPathname is 512, which is the same as the minimum allowable value
  ** for pageSize.
  */
  zSuper = pPager->pTmpSpace;
  rc = readSuperJournal(pPager->jfd, zSuper, pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zSuper[0] ){
    rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zSuper, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &res);
  }
  zSuper = 0;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !res ){
    goto end_playback;
  }
  pPager->journalOff = 0;
  needPagerReset = isHot;

  /* This loop terminates either when a readJournalHdr() or 
................................................................................
  ** update the change-counter at all. This may lead to cache inconsistency
  ** problems for other processes at some point in the future. So, just
  ** in case this has happened, clear the changeCountDone flag now.
  */
  pPager->changeCountDone = pPager->tempFile;

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    zSuper = pPager->pTmpSpace;
    rc = readSuperJournal(pPager->jfd, zSuper, pPager->pVfs->mxPathname+1);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && (pPager->eState>=PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD || pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN)
  ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, zSuper[0]!='\0', 0);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && zSuper[0] && res ){
    /* If there was a super-journal and this routine will return success,
    ** see if it is possible to delete the super-journal.
    */
    rc = pager_delsuper(pPager, zSuper);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
  }
  if( isHot && nPlayback ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK, "recovered %d pages from %s",
                nPlayback, pPager->zJournal);
  }

................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** Playback savepoint pSavepoint. Or, if pSavepoint==NULL, then playback
** the entire super-journal file. The case pSavepoint==NULL occurs when 
** a ROLLBACK TO command is invoked on a SAVEPOINT that is a transaction 
** savepoint.
**
** When pSavepoint is not NULL (meaning a non-transaction savepoint is 
** being rolled back), then the rollback consists of up to three stages,
** performed in the order specified:
**
................................................................................
**
** If the current size of the database file is 0 but a journal file
** exists, that is probably an old journal left over from a prior
** database with the same name. In this case the journal file is
** just deleted using OsDelete, *pExists is set to 0 and SQLITE_OK
** is returned.
**
** This routine does not check if there is a super-journal filename
** at the end of the file. If there is, and that super-journal file
** does not exist, then the journal file is not really hot. In this
** case this routine will return a false-positive. The pager_playback()
** routine will discover that the journal file is not really hot and 
** will not roll it back. 
**
** If a hot-journal file is found to exist, *pExists is set to 1 and 
** SQLITE_OK returned. If no hot-journal file is present, *pExists is
................................................................................
    /* Write the first journal header to the journal file and open 
    ** the sub-journal if necessary.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* TODO: Check if all of these are really required. */
      pPager->nRec = 0;
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
      pPager->setSuper = 0;
      pPager->journalHdr = 0;
      rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);
    }
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pPager->pInJournal);
................................................................................
/*
** Sync the database file to disk. This is a no-op for in-memory databases
** or pages with the Pager.noSync flag set.
**
** If successful, or if called on a pager for which it is a no-op, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, an IO error code is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager, const char *zSuper){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  void *pArg = (void*)zSuper;
  rc = sqlite3OsFileControl(pPager->fd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC, pArg);
  if( rc==SQLITE_NOTFOUND ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pPager->noSync ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, pPager->syncFlags);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      rc = pager_wait_on_lock(pPager, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Sync the database file for the pager pPager. zSuper points to the name
** of a super-journal file that should be written into the individual
** journal file. zSuper may be NULL, which is interpreted as no 
** super-journal (a single database transaction).
**
** This routine ensures that:
**
**   * The database file change-counter is updated,
**   * the journal is synced (unless the atomic-write optimization is used),
**   * all dirty pages are written to the database file, 
**   * the database file is truncated (if required), and
**   * the database file synced. 
**
** The only thing that remains to commit the transaction is to finalize 
** (delete, truncate or zero the first part of) the journal file (or 
** delete the super-journal file if specified).
**
** Note that if zSuper==NULL, this does not overwrite a previous value
** passed to an sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne() call.
**
** If the final parameter - noSync - is true, then the database file itself
** is not synced. The caller must call sqlite3PagerSync() directly to
** sync the database file before calling CommitPhaseTwo() to delete the
** journal file in this case.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  const char *zSuper,            /* If not NULL, the super-journal name */
  int noSync                      /* True to omit the xSync on the db file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD
       || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD
................................................................................

  /* If a prior error occurred, report that error again. */
  if( NEVER(pPager->errCode) ) return pPager->errCode;

  /* Provide the ability to easily simulate an I/O error during testing */
  if( sqlite3FaultSim(400) ) return SQLITE_IOERR;

  PAGERTRACE(("DATABASE SYNC: File=%s zSuper=%s nSize=%d\n", 
      pPager->zFilename, zSuper, pPager->dbSize));

  /* If no database changes have been made, return early. */
  if( pPager->eState<PAGER_WRITER_CACHEMOD ) return SQLITE_OK;

  assert( MEMDB==0 || pPager->tempFile );
  assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->tempFile );
  if( 0==pagerFlushOnCommit(pPager, 1) ){
................................................................................
    }else{
      /* The bBatch boolean is true if the batch-atomic-write commit method
      ** should be used.  No rollback journal is created if batch-atomic-write
      ** is enabled.
      */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
      sqlite3_file *fd = pPager->fd;
      int bBatch = zSuper==0    /* An SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC commit */
        && (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(fd) & SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
        && !pPager->noSync
        && sqlite3JournalIsInMemory(pPager->jfd);
#else
#     define bBatch 0
#endif

................................................................................
      */
      if( bBatch==0 ){
        PgHdr *pPg;
        assert( isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
            || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
            );
        if( !zSuper && isOpen(pPager->jfd) 
         && pPager->journalOff==jrnlBufferSize(pPager) 
         && pPager->dbSize>=pPager->dbOrigSize
         && (!(pPg = sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(pPager->pPCache)) || 0==pPg->pDirty)
        ){
          /* Update the db file change counter via the direct-write method. The 
          ** following call will modify the in-memory representation of page 1 
          ** to include the updated change counter and then write page 1 
................................................................................
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = pager_incr_changecounter(pPager, 0);
          }
        }
      }
#else  /* SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_BATCH_ATOMIC_WRITE
      if( zSuper ){
        rc = sqlite3JournalCreate(pPager->jfd);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
        assert( bBatch==0 );
      }
#endif
      rc = pager_incr_changecounter(pPager, 0);
#endif /* !SQLITE_ENABLE_ATOMIC_WRITE */
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* Write the super-journal name into the journal file. If a
      ** super-journal file name has already been written to the journal file, 
      ** or if zSuper is NULL (no super-journal), then this call is a no-op.
      */
      rc = writeSuperJournal(pPager, zSuper);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
  
      /* Sync the journal file and write all dirty pages to the database.
      ** If the atomic-update optimization is being used, this sync will not 
      ** create the journal file or perform any real IO.
      **
      ** Because the change-counter page was just modified, unless the
................................................................................
        assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD );
        rc = pager_truncate(pPager, nNew);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto commit_phase_one_exit;
      }
  
      /* Finally, sync the database file. */
      if( !noSync ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager, zSuper);
      }
      IOTRACE(("DBSYNC %p\n", pPager))
    }
  }

commit_phase_one_exit:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
  ){
    assert( pPager->journalOff==JOURNAL_HDR_SZ(pPager) || !pPager->journalOff );
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  PAGERTRACE(("COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager)));
  rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setSuper, 1);
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** If a write transaction is open, then all changes made within the 
** transaction are reverted and the current write-transaction is closed.
** The pager falls back to PAGER_READER state if successful, or PAGER_ERROR
................................................................................
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  if( pPager->eState==PAGER_ERROR ) return pPager->errCode;
  if( pPager->eState<=PAGER_READER ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
    int rc2;
    rc = sqlite3PagerSavepoint(pPager, SAVEPOINT_ROLLBACK, -1);
    rc2 = pager_end_transaction(pPager, pPager->setSuper, 0);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = rc2;
  }else if( !isOpen(pPager->jfd) || pPager->eState==PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
    int eState = pPager->eState;
    rc = pager_end_transaction(pPager, 0, 0);
    if( !MEMDB && eState>PAGER_WRITER_LOCKED ){
      /* This can happen using journal_mode=off. Move the pager to the error 
      ** state to indicate that the contents of the cache may not be trusted.
................................................................................
** sharing the same database file, each connection has it own
** private Btree object for the file and each of those Btrees points
** to this one BtShared object.  BtShared.nRef is the number of
** connections currently sharing this database file.
**
** Fields in this structure are accessed under the BtShared.mutex
** mutex, except for nRef and pNext which are accessed under the
** global SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN mutex.  The pPager field
** may not be modified once it is initially set as long as nRef>0.
** The pSchema field may be set once under BtShared.mutex and
** thereafter is unchanged as long as nRef>0.
**
** isPending:
**
**   If a BtShared client fails to obtain a write-lock on a database
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
/*
** A list of BtShared objects that are eligible for participation
** in shared cache.  This variable has file scope during normal builds,
** but the test harness needs to access it so we make it global for 
** test builds.
**
** Access to this variable is protected by SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE BtShared *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;
#else
static BtShared *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3SharedCacheList = 0;
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE */
................................................................................

  /* Figure out the root-page that the lock should be held on. For table
  ** b-trees, this is just the root page of the b-tree being read or
  ** written. For index b-trees, it is the root page of the associated
  ** table.  */
  if( isIndex ){
    HashElem *p;
    int bSeen = 0;
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->idxHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      Index *pIdx = (Index *)sqliteHashData(p);
      if( pIdx->tnum==(int)iRoot ){
        if( bSeen ){
          /* Two or more indexes share the same root page.  There must
          ** be imposter tables.  So just return true.  The assert is not
          ** useful in that case. */
          return 1;
        }
        iTab = pIdx->pTable->tnum;
        bSeen = 1;
      }
    }
  }else{
    iTab = iRoot;
  }

  /* Search for the required lock. Either a write-lock on root-page iTab, a 
................................................................................

  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(p) );
  assert( eLock==READ_LOCK || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );
  assert( p->db!=0 );

  /* A connection with the read-uncommitted flag set will never try to
  ** obtain a read-lock using this function. The only read-lock obtained
  ** by a connection in read-uncommitted mode is on the sqlite_schema 
  ** table, and that lock is obtained in BtreeBeginTrans().  */
  assert( 0==(p->db->flags&SQLITE_ReadUncommit) || eLock==WRITE_LOCK );

  /* This function should only be called on a sharable b-tree after it 
  ** has been determined that no other b-tree holds a conflicting lock.  */
  assert( p->sharable );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, iTable, eLock) );
................................................................................
  Pgno iPtrmap;     /* The pointer map page number */
  int offset;       /* Offset in pointer map page */
  int rc;           /* Return code from subfunctions */

  if( *pRC ) return;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pBt->mutex) );
  /* The super-journal page number must never be used as a pointer map page */
  assert( 0==PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)) );

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( key==0 ){
    *pRC = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    return;
  }
................................................................................
    **
    ** Check to see if iFreeBlk should be coalesced onto the end of iStart.
    */
    if( iFreeBlk && iEnd+3>=iFreeBlk ){
      nFrag = iFreeBlk - iEnd;
      if( iEnd>iFreeBlk ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PAGE(pPage);
      iEnd = iFreeBlk + get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk+2]);
      if( iEnd > pPage->pBt->usableSize ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_PAGE(pPage);
      }
      iSize = iEnd - iStart;
      iFreeBlk = get2byte(&data[iFreeBlk]);
    }
  
    /* If iPtr is another freeblock (that is, if iPtr is not the freelist
................................................................................
            return rc;
          }
        }
      }
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
      mutexOpen = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexOpen);
      mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
      sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutexShared);
#endif
      for(pBt=GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList); pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
        assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
        if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager, 0))
                 && sqlite3PagerVfs(pBt->pPager)==pVfs ){
          int iDb;
................................................................................
   
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
    /* Add the new BtShared object to the linked list sharable BtShareds.
    */
    pBt->nRef = 1;
    if( p->sharable ){
      MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *mutexShared; )
      MUTEX_LOGIC( mutexShared = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);)
      if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE && sqlite3GlobalConfig.bCoreMutex ){
        pBt->mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST);
        if( pBt->mutex==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
          goto btree_open_out;
        }
      }
................................................................................
** Decrement the BtShared.nRef counter.  When it reaches zero,
** remove the BtShared structure from the sharing list.  Return
** true if the BtShared.nRef counter reaches zero and return
** false if it is still positive.
*/
static int removeFromSharingList(BtShared *pBt){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMainMtx; )
  BtShared *pList;
  int removed = 0;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pBt->mutex) );
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMainMtx = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMainMtx);
  pBt->nRef--;
  if( pBt->nRef<=0 ){
    if( GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList)==pBt ){
      GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList) = pBt->pNext;
    }else{
      pList = GLOBAL(BtShared*,sqlite3SharedCacheList);
      while( ALWAYS(pList) && pList->pNext!=pBt ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
    if( SQLITE_THREADSAFE ){
      sqlite3_mutex_free(pBt->mutex);
    }
    removed = 1;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMainMtx);
  return removed;
#else
  return 1;
#endif
}

/*
................................................................................
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Any read-only or read-write transaction implies a read-lock on 
  ** page 1. So if some other shared-cache client already has a write-lock 
  ** on page 1, the transaction cannot be opened. */
  rc = querySharedCacheTableLock(p, SCHEMA_ROOT, READ_LOCK);
  if( SQLITE_OK!=rc ) goto trans_begun;

  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_INITIALLY_EMPTY;
  if( pBt->nPage==0 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_INITIALLY_EMPTY;
  do {
    sqlite3PagerWalDb(pPager, p->db);

................................................................................
** At the end of this call, the rollback journal still exists on the
** disk and we are still holding all locks, so the transaction has not
** committed.  See sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() for the second phase of the
** commit process.
**
** This call is a no-op if no write-transaction is currently active on pBt.
**
** Otherwise, sync the database file for the btree pBt. zSuperJrnl points to
** the name of a super-journal file that should be written into the
** individual journal file, or is NULL, indicating no super-journal file 
** (single database transaction).
**
** When this is called, the super-journal should already have been
** created, populated with this journal pointer and synced to disk.
**
** Once this is routine has returned, the only thing required to commit
** the write-transaction for this database file is to delete the journal.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree *p, const char *zSuperJrnl){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
    sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt);
................................................................................
        return rc;
      }
    }
    if( pBt->bDoTruncate ){
      sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(pBt->pPager, pBt->nPage);
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(pBt->pPager, zSuperJrnl, 0);
    sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called from both BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() and BtreeRollback()
................................................................................
** drop locks.
**
** Normally, if an error occurs while the pager layer is attempting to 
** finalize the underlying journal file, this function returns an error and
** the upper layer will attempt a rollback. However, if the second argument
** is non-zero then this b-tree transaction is part of a multi-file 
** transaction. In this case, the transaction has already been committed 
** (by deleting a super-journal file) and the caller will ignore this 
** functions return code. So, even if an error occurs in the pager layer,
** reset the b-tree objects internal state to indicate that the write
** transaction has been closed. This is quite safe, as the pager will have
** transitioned to the error state.
**
** This will release the write lock on the database file.  If there
** are no active cursors, it also releases the read lock.
................................................................................
** read it from this routine.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  assert( p->inTrans>TRANS_NONE );
  assert( SQLITE_OK==querySharedCacheTableLock(p, SCHEMA_ROOT, READ_LOCK) );
  assert( pBt->pPage1 );
  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );

  if( idx==BTREE_DATA_VERSION ){
    *pMeta = sqlite3PagerDataVersion(pBt->pPager) + p->iDataVersion;
  }else{
    *pMeta = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36 + idx*4]);
................................................................................
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return pBt->pSchema;
}

/*
** Return SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE if another user of the same shared 
** btree as the argument handle holds an exclusive lock on the 
** sqlite_schema table. Otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(p->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  rc = querySharedCacheTableLock(p, SCHEMA_ROOT, READ_LOCK);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE );
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** A read or write transaction may or may not be active on database handle
** db. If a transaction is active, commit it. If there is a
** write-transaction spanning more than one database file, this routine
** takes care of the super-journal trickery.
*/
static int vdbeCommit(sqlite3 *db, Vdbe *p){
  int i;
  int nTrans = 0;  /* Number of databases with an active write-transaction
                   ** that are candidates for a two-phase commit using a
                   ** super-journal */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int needXcommit = 0;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* With this option, sqlite3VtabSync() is defined to be simply 
  ** SQLITE_OK so p is not used. 
  */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
#endif

  /* Before doing anything else, call the xSync() callback for any
  ** virtual module tables written in this transaction. This has to
  ** be done before determining whether a super-journal file is 
  ** required, as an xSync() callback may add an attached database
  ** to the transaction.
  */
  rc = sqlite3VtabSync(db, p);

  /* This loop determines (a) if the commit hook should be invoked and
  ** (b) how many database files have open write transactions, not 
  ** including the temp database. (b) is important because if more than 
  ** one database file has an open write transaction, a super-journal
  ** file is required for an atomic commit.
  */ 
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      /* Whether or not a database might need a super-journal depends upon
      ** its journal mode (among other things).  This matrix determines which
      ** journal modes use a super-journal and which do not */
      static const u8 aMJNeeded[] = {
        /* DELETE   */  1,
        /* PERSIST   */ 1,
        /* OFF       */ 0,
        /* TRUNCATE  */ 1,
        /* MEMORY    */ 0,
        /* WAL       */ 0
................................................................................
    if( rc ){
      return SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK;
    }
  }

  /* The simple case - no more than one database file (not counting the
  ** TEMP database) has a transaction active.   There is no need for the
  ** super-journal.
  **
  ** If the return value of sqlite3BtreeGetFilename() is a zero length
  ** string, it means the main database is :memory: or a temp file.  In 
  ** that case we do not support atomic multi-file commits, so use the 
  ** simple case then too.
  */
  if( 0==sqlite3Strlen30(sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[0].pBt))
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3VtabCommit(db);
    }
  }

  /* The complex case - There is a multi-file write-transaction active.
  ** This requires a super-journal file to ensure the transaction is
  ** committed atomically.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
  else{
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = db->pVfs;
    char *zSuper = 0;   /* File-name for the super-journal */
    char const *zMainFile = sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[0].pBt);
    sqlite3_file *pSuperJrnl = 0;
    i64 offset = 0;
    int res;
    int retryCount = 0;
    int nMainFile;

    /* Select a super-journal file name */
    nMainFile = sqlite3Strlen30(zMainFile);
    zSuper = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%.4c%s%.16c", 0,zMainFile,0);
    if( zSuper==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    zSuper += 4;
    do {
      u32 iRandom;
      if( retryCount ){
        if( retryCount>100 ){
          sqlite3_log(SQLITE_FULL, "MJ delete: %s", zSuper);
          sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zSuper, 0);
          break;
        }else if( retryCount==1 ){
          sqlite3_log(SQLITE_FULL, "MJ collide: %s", zSuper);
        }
      }
      retryCount++;
      sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(iRandom), &iRandom);
      sqlite3_snprintf(13, &zSuper[nMainFile], "-mj%06X9%02X",
                               (iRandom>>8)&0xffffff, iRandom&0xff);
      /* The antipenultimate character of the super-journal name must
      ** be "9" to avoid name collisions when using 8+3 filenames. */
      assert( zSuper[sqlite3Strlen30(zSuper)-3]=='9' );
      sqlite3FileSuffix3(zMainFile, zSuper);
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, zSuper, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &res);
    }while( rc==SQLITE_OK && res );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* Open the super-journal. */
      rc = sqlite3OsOpenMalloc(pVfs, zSuper, &pSuperJrnl, 
          SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|
          SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE|SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL, 0
      );
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSuper-4);
      return rc;
    }
 
    /* Write the name of each database file in the transaction into the new
    ** super-journal file. If an error occurs at this point close
    ** and delete the super-journal file. All the individual journal files
    ** still have 'null' as the super-journal pointer, so they will roll
    ** back independently if a failure occurs.
    */
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
        char const *zFile = sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(pBt);
        if( zFile==0 ){
          continue;  /* Ignore TEMP and :memory: databases */
        }
        assert( zFile[0]!=0 );
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pSuperJrnl, zFile, sqlite3Strlen30(zFile)+1,offset);
        offset += sqlite3Strlen30(zFile)+1;
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3OsCloseFree(pSuperJrnl);
          sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zSuper, 0);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSuper-4);
          return rc;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Sync the super-journal file. If the IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL device
    ** flag is set this is not required.
    */
    if( 0==(sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pSuperJrnl)&SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL)
     && SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3OsSync(pSuperJrnl, SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL))
    ){
      sqlite3OsCloseFree(pSuperJrnl);
      sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zSuper, 0);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSuper-4);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync all the db files involved in the transaction. The same call
    ** sets the super-journal pointer in each individual journal. If
    ** an error occurs here, do not delete the super-journal file.
    **
    ** If the error occurs during the first call to
    ** sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(), then there is a chance that the
    ** super-journal file will be orphaned. But we cannot delete it,
    ** in case the super-journal file name was written into the journal
    ** file before the failure occurred.
    */
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<db->nDb; i++){ 
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(pBt, zSuper);
      }
    }
    sqlite3OsCloseFree(pSuperJrnl);
    assert( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSuper-4);
      return rc;
    }

    /* Delete the super-journal file. This commits the transaction. After
    ** doing this the directory is synced again before any individual
    ** transaction files are deleted.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pVfs, zSuper, 1);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSuper-4);
    zSuper = 0;
    if( rc ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* All files and directories have already been synced, so the following
    ** calls to sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo() are only closing files and
    ** deleting or truncating journals. If something goes wrong while
................................................................................
  }else{
    /* Neither operand is NULL.  Do a comparison. */
    affinity = pOp->p5 & SQLITE_AFF_MASK;
    if( affinity>=SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC ){
      if( (flags1 | flags3)&MEM_Str ){
        if( (flags1 & (MEM_Int|MEM_IntReal|MEM_Real|MEM_Str))==MEM_Str ){
          applyNumericAffinity(pIn1,0);
          testcase( flags3==pIn3->flags );
          flags3 = pIn3->flags;
        }
        if( (flags3 & (MEM_Int|MEM_IntReal|MEM_Real|MEM_Str))==MEM_Str ){
          applyNumericAffinity(pIn3,0);
        }
      }
      /* Handle the common case of integer comparison here, as an
................................................................................
      ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
      */
      if( (pCx->pKeyInfo = pKeyInfo = pOp->p4.pKeyInfo)!=0 ){
        assert( pOp->p4type==P4_KEYINFO );
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(pCx->pBtx, (int*)&pCx->pgnoRoot,
                                     BTREE_BLOBKEY | pOp->p5); 
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          assert( pCx->pgnoRoot==SCHEMA_ROOT+1 );
          assert( pKeyInfo->db==db );
          assert( pKeyInfo->enc==ENC(db) );
          rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBtx, pCx->pgnoRoot, BTREE_WRCSR,
                                  pKeyInfo, pCx->uc.pCursor);
        }
        pCx->isTable = 0;
      }else{
        pCx->pgnoRoot = SCHEMA_ROOT;
        rc = sqlite3BtreeCursor(pCx->pBtx, SCHEMA_ROOT, BTREE_WRCSR,
                                0, pCx->uc.pCursor);
        pCx->isTable = 1;
      }
    }
    pCx->isOrdered = (pOp->p5!=BTREE_UNORDERED);
  }
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
................................................................................
  db->nSqlExec--;
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ParseSchema P1 * * P4 *
**
** Read and parse all entries from the schema table of database P1
** that match the WHERE clause P4.  If P4 is a NULL pointer, then the
** entire schema for P1 is reparsed.
**
** This opcode invokes the parser to create a new virtual machine,
** then runs the new virtual machine.  It is thus a re-entrant opcode.
*/
case OP_ParseSchema: {
  int iDb;
  const char *zSchema;
  char *zSql;
  InitData initData;

  /* Any prepared statement that invokes this opcode will hold mutexes
  ** on every btree.  This is a prerequisite for invoking 
  ** sqlite3InitCallback().
  */
................................................................................
    db->mDbFlags &= ~DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk;
    rc = sqlite3InitOne(db, iDb, &p->zErrMsg, INITFLAG_AlterTable);
    db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_SchemaChange;
    p->expired = 0;
  }else
#endif
  {
    zSchema = DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE;
    initData.db = db;
    initData.iDb = iDb;
    initData.pzErrMsg = &p->zErrMsg;
    initData.mInitFlags = 0;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db,
       "SELECT*FROM\"%w\".%s WHERE %s ORDER BY rowid",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, zSchema, pOp->p4.z);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
    }else{
      assert( db->init.busy==0 );
      db->init.busy = 1;
      initData.rc = SQLITE_OK;
      initData.nInitRow = 0;
      assert( !db->mallocFailed );
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = initData.rc;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && initData.nInitRow==0 ){
        /* The OP_ParseSchema opcode with a non-NULL P4 argument should parse
        ** at least one SQL statement. Any less than that indicates that
        ** the sqlite_schema table is corrupt. */
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
      sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, zSql);
      db->init.busy = 0;
    }
  }
  if( rc ){
................................................................................
**     sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction()        pWalker->eCode==4 or 5
**
** In all cases, the callbacks set Walker.eCode=0 and abort if the expression
** is found to not be a constant.
**
** The sqlite3ExprIsConstantOrFunction() is used for evaluating DEFAULT
** expressions in a CREATE TABLE statement.  The Walker.eCode value is 5
** when parsing an existing schema out of the sqlite_schema table and 4
** when processing a new CREATE TABLE statement.  A bound parameter raises
** an error for new statements, but is silently converted
** to NULL for existing schemas.  This allows sqlite_schema tables that 
** contain a bound parameter because they were generated by older versions
** of SQLite to be parsed by newer versions of SQLite without raising a
** malformed schema error.
*/
static int exprNodeIsConstant(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){

  /* If pWalker->eCode is 2 then any term of the expression that comes from
................................................................................
      }
      if( pWalker->eCode==3 && pExpr->iTable==pWalker->u.iCur ){
        return WRC_Continue;
      }
      /* Fall through */
    case TK_IF_NULL_ROW:
    case TK_REGISTER:
    case TK_DOT:
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IF_NULL_ROW );
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_DOT );
      pWalker->eCode = 0;
      return WRC_Abort;
    case TK_VARIABLE:
      if( pWalker->eCode==5 ){
        /* Silently convert bound parameters that appear inside of CREATE
        ** statements into a NULL when parsing the CREATE statement text out
        ** of the sqlite_schema table */
        pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
      }else if( pWalker->eCode==4 ){
        /* A bound parameter in a CREATE statement that originates from
        ** sqlite3_prepare() causes an error */
        pWalker->eCode = 0;
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
................................................................................
/*
** Walk an expression tree for the DEFAULT field of a column definition
** in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Return non-zero if the expression is 
** acceptable for use as a DEFAULT.  That is to say, return non-zero if
** the expression is constant or a function call with constant arguments.
** Return and 0 if there are any variables.
**
** isInit is true when parsing from sqlite_schema.  isInit is false when
** processing a new CREATE TABLE statement.  When isInit is true, parameters
** (such as ? or $abc) in the expression are converted into NULL.  When
** isInit is false, parameters raise an error.  Parameters should not be
** allowed in a CREATE TABLE statement, but some legacy versions of SQLite
** allowed it, so we need to support it when reading sqlite_schema for
** backwards compatibility.
**
** If isInit is true, set EP_FromDDL on every TK_FUNCTION node.
**
** For the purposes of this function, a double-quoted string (ex: "abc")
** is considered a variable but a single-quoted string (ex: 'abc') is
** a constant.
................................................................................
** An instance of the following structure is used by the tree walker
** to count references to table columns in the arguments of an 
** aggregate function, in order to implement the
** sqlite3FunctionThisSrc() routine.
*/
struct SrcCount {
  SrcList *pSrc;   /* One particular FROM clause in a nested query */
  int iSrcInner;   /* Smallest cursor number in this context */
  int nThis;       /* Number of references to columns in pSrcList */
  int nOther;      /* Number of references to columns in other FROM clauses */
};

/*
** xSelect callback for sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(). If this is the first
** SELECT with a FROM clause encountered during this iteration, set
** SrcCount.iSrcInner to the cursor number of the leftmost object in
** the FROM cause.
*/
static int selectSrcCount(Walker *pWalker, Select *pSel){
  struct SrcCount *p = pWalker->u.pSrcCount;
  if( p->iSrcInner==0x7FFFFFFF && ALWAYS(pSel->pSrc) && pSel->pSrc->nSrc ){
    pWalker->u.pSrcCount->iSrcInner = pSel->pSrc->a[0].iCursor;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Count the number of references to columns.
*/
static int exprSrcCount(Walker *pWalker, Expr *pExpr){
  /* There was once a NEVER() on the second term on the grounds that
  ** sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc() was always called before 
................................................................................
    SrcList *pSrc = p->pSrc;
    int nSrc = pSrc ? pSrc->nSrc : 0;
    for(i=0; i<nSrc; i++){
      if( pExpr->iTable==pSrc->a[i].iCursor ) break;
    }
    if( i<nSrc ){
      p->nThis++;
    }else if( pExpr->iTable<p->iSrcInner ){
      /* In a well-formed parse tree (no name resolution errors),
      ** TK_COLUMN nodes with smaller Expr.iTable values are in an
      ** outer context.  Those are the only ones to count as "other" */
      p->nOther++;
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr *pExpr, SrcList *pSrcList){
  Walker w;
  struct SrcCount cnt;
  assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
  memset(&w, 0, sizeof(w));
  w.xExprCallback = exprSrcCount;
  w.xSelectCallback = selectSrcCount;
  w.u.pSrcCount = &cnt;
  cnt.pSrc = pSrcList;
  cnt.iSrcInner = (pSrcList&&pSrcList->nSrc)?pSrcList->a[0].iCursor:0x7FFFFFFF;
  cnt.nThis = 0;
  cnt.nOther = 0;
  sqlite3WalkExprList(&w, pExpr->x.pList);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
  if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
    sqlite3WalkExpr(&w, pExpr->y.pWin->pFilter);
  }
................................................................................
    AggInfo *pAggInfo = pExpr->pAggInfo;
    int iAgg = pExpr->iAgg;
    Parse *pParse = pWalker->pParse;
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    assert( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN || pExpr->op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION );
    if( pExpr->op==TK_AGG_COLUMN ){
      assert( iAgg>=0 && iAgg<pAggInfo->nColumn );
      if( pAggInfo->aCol[iAgg].pCExpr==pExpr ){
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( pExpr ){
          pAggInfo->aCol[iAgg].pCExpr = pExpr;
          pParse->pConstExpr = 
             sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pParse->pConstExpr, pExpr);
        }
      }
    }else{
      assert( iAgg>=0 && iAgg<pAggInfo->nFunc );
      if( pAggInfo->aFunc[iAgg].pFExpr==pExpr ){
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( pExpr ){
          pAggInfo->aFunc[iAgg].pFExpr = pExpr;
          pParse->pConstExpr = 
             sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pParse->pConstExpr, pExpr);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
................................................................................
            ){
              pCol = &pAggInfo->aCol[k];
              pCol->pTab = pExpr->y.pTab;
              pCol->iTable = pExpr->iTable;
              pCol->iColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
              pCol->iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
              pCol->iSorterColumn = -1;
              pCol->pCExpr = pExpr;
              if( pAggInfo->pGroupBy ){
                int j, n;
                ExprList *pGB = pAggInfo->pGroupBy;
                struct ExprList_item *pTerm = pGB->a;
                n = pGB->nExpr;
                for(j=0; j<n; j++, pTerm++){
                  Expr *pE = pTerm->pExpr;
................................................................................
       && pWalker->walkerDepth==pExpr->op2
      ){
        /* Check to see if pExpr is a duplicate of another aggregate 
        ** function that is already in the pAggInfo structure
        */
        struct AggInfo_func *pItem = pAggInfo->aFunc;
        for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pItem++){
          if( sqlite3ExprCompare(0, pItem->pFExpr, pExpr, -1)==0 ){
            break;
          }
        }
        if( i>=pAggInfo->nFunc ){
          /* pExpr is original.  Make a new entry in pAggInfo->aFunc[]
          */
          u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);
          i = addAggInfoFunc(pParse->db, pAggInfo);
          if( i>=0 ){
            assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
            pItem = &pAggInfo->aFunc[i];
            pItem->pFExpr = pExpr;
            pItem->iMem = ++pParse->nMem;
            assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
            pItem->pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db,
                   pExpr->u.zToken, 
                   pExpr->x.pList ? pExpr->x.pList->nExpr : 0, enc, 0);
            if( pExpr->flags & EP_Distinct ){
              pItem->iDistinct = pParse->nTab++;
................................................................................
** called at the end of the generation of an ALTER TABLE ... RENAME ...
** statement to ensure that the operation has not rendered any schema
** objects unusable.
*/
static void renameTestSchema(Parse *pParse, const char *zDb, int bTemp){
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "SELECT 1 "
      "FROM \"%w\"." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " "
      "WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X'"
      " AND sql NOT LIKE 'create virtual%%'"
      " AND sqlite_rename_test(%Q, sql, type, name, %d)=NULL ",
      zDb,
      zDb, bTemp
  );

  if( bTemp==0 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "SELECT 1 "
        "FROM temp." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " "
        "WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X'"
        " AND sql NOT LIKE 'create virtual%%'"
        " AND sqlite_rename_test(%Q, sql, type, name, 1)=NULL ",
        zDb 
    );
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to reload the schema for database iDb. And, if iDb!=1, for
** the temp database as well.
................................................................................
  /* figure out how many UTF-8 characters are in zName */
  zTabName = pTab->zName;
  nTabName = sqlite3Utf8CharLen(zTabName, -1);

  /* Rewrite all CREATE TABLE, INDEX, TRIGGER or VIEW statements in
  ** the schema to use the new table name.  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "UPDATE \"%w\"." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " SET "
      "sql = sqlite_rename_table(%Q, type, name, sql, %Q, %Q, %d) "
      "WHERE (type!='index' OR tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase)"
      "AND   name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X'"
      , zDb, zDb, zTabName, zName, (iDb==1), zTabName
  );

  /* Update the tbl_name and name columns of the sqlite_schema table
  ** as required.  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " SET "
          "tbl_name = %Q, "
          "name = CASE "
            "WHEN type='table' THEN %Q "
            "WHEN name LIKE 'sqliteX_autoindex%%' ESCAPE 'X' "
            "     AND type='index' THEN "
             "'sqlite_autoindex_' || %Q || substr(name,%d+18) "
            "ELSE name END "
      "WHERE tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase AND "
          "(type='table' OR type='index' OR type='trigger');", 
      zDb,
      zName, zName, zName, 
      nTabName, zTabName
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  /* If the sqlite_sequence table exists in this database, then update 
  ** it with the new table name.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If the table being renamed is not itself part of the temp database,
  ** edit view and trigger definitions within the temp database 
  ** as required.  */
  if( iDb!=1 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE sqlite_temp_schema SET "
            "sql = sqlite_rename_table(%Q, type, name, sql, %Q, %Q, 1), "
            "tbl_name = "
              "CASE WHEN tbl_name=%Q COLLATE nocase AND "
              "          sqlite_rename_test(%Q, sql, type, name, 1) "
              "THEN %Q ELSE tbl_name END "
            "WHERE type IN ('view', 'trigger')"
        , zDb, zTabName, zName, zTabName, zDb, zName);
................................................................................
    char *zEnd = &zCol[pColDef->n-1];
    u32 savedDbFlags = db->mDbFlags;
    while( zEnd>zCol && (*zEnd==';' || sqlite3Isspace(*zEnd)) ){
      *zEnd-- = '\0';
    }
    db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_PreferBuiltin;
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "UPDATE \"%w\"." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " SET "
          "sql = substr(sql,1,%d) || ', ' || %Q || substr(sql,%d) "
        "WHERE type = 'table' AND name = %Q", 
      zDb, pNew->addColOffset, zCol, pNew->addColOffset+1,
      zTab
    );
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zCol);
    db->mDbFlags = savedDbFlags;
  }

  /* Make sure the schema version is at least 3.  But do not upgrade
................................................................................
  if( iCol==pTab->nCol ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such column: \"%s\"", zOld);
    goto exit_rename_column;
  }

  /* Do the rename operation using a recursive UPDATE statement that
  ** uses the sqlite_rename_column() SQL function to compute the new
  ** CREATE statement text for the sqlite_schema table.
  */
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  zNew = sqlite3NameFromToken(db, pNew);
  if( !zNew ) goto exit_rename_column;
  assert( pNew->n>0 );
  bQuote = sqlite3Isquote(pNew->z[0]);
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "UPDATE \"%w\"." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " SET "
      "sql = sqlite_rename_column(sql, type, name, %Q, %Q, %d, %Q, %d, %d) "
      "WHERE name NOT LIKE 'sqliteX_%%' ESCAPE 'X' "
      " AND (type != 'index' OR tbl_name = %Q)"
      " AND sql NOT LIKE 'create virtual%%'",
      zDb,
      zDb, pTab->zName, iCol, zNew, bQuote, iSchema==1,
      pTab->zName
  );

  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "UPDATE temp." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " SET "
      "sql = sqlite_rename_column(sql, type, name, %Q, %Q, %d, %Q, %d, 1) "
      "WHERE type IN ('trigger', 'view')",

      zDb, pTab->zName, iCol, zNew, bQuote
  );

  /* Drop and reload the database schema. */
  renameReloadSchema(pParse, iSchema);
  renameTestSchema(pParse, zDb, iSchema==1);

................................................................................
** code for the SQL statement given onto the end of the pParse context
** currently under construction.  When the parser is run recursively
** this way, the final OP_Halt is not appended and other initialization
** and finalization steps are omitted because those are handling by the
** outermost parser.
**
** Not everything is nestable.  This facility is designed to permit
** INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE operations against the schema table.  Use
** care if you decide to try to use this routine for some other purposes.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse *pParse, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *zSql;
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDatabase,"main")==0 ){
        i = 0;
      }else{
        return 0;
      }
    }
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
    if( p==0 && sqlite3StrNICmp(zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
      if( i==1 ){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(zName+7, ALT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE+7)==0
         || sqlite3StrICmp(zName+7, ALT_SCHEMA_TABLE+7)==0

         || sqlite3StrICmp(zName+7, DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE+7)==0
        ){
          p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[1].pSchema->tblHash, 
                              DFLT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE);
        }
      }else{
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(zName+7, ALT_SCHEMA_TABLE+7)==0 ){
          p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash,
                              DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE);
        }
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* Match against TEMP first */
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[1].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
    if( p ) return p;
    /* The main database is second */
    p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[0].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
    if( p ) return p;
    /* Attached databases are in order of attachment */
    for(i=2; i<db->nDb; i++){
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, i, 0) );
      p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[i].pSchema->tblHash, zName);
      if( p ) break;
    }
    if( p==0 && sqlite3StrNICmp(zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zName+7, ALT_SCHEMA_TABLE+7)==0 ){
        p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[0].pSchema->tblHash, DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE);
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zName+7, ALT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE+7)==0 ){
        p = sqlite3HashFind(&db->aDb[1].pSchema->tblHash, 
                            DFLT_TEMP_SCHEMA_TABLE);
      }
    }
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Locate the in-memory structure that describes a particular database
................................................................................
  }else{
    zName = 0;
  }
  return zName;
}

/*
** Open the sqlite_schema table stored in database number iDb for
** writing. The table is opened using cursor 0.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenSchemaTable(Parse *p, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, SCHEMA_ROOT, 1, DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_OpenWrite, 0, SCHEMA_ROOT, iDb, 5);
  if( p->nTab==0 ){
    p->nTab = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Parameter zName points to a nul-terminated buffer containing the name
................................................................................
/*
** This routine is used to check if the UTF-8 string zName is a legal
** unqualified name for a new schema object (table, index, view or
** trigger). All names are legal except those that begin with the string
** "sqlite_" (in upper, lower or mixed case). This portion of the namespace
** is reserved for internal use.
**
** When parsing the sqlite_schema table, this routine also checks to
** make sure the "type", "name", and "tbl_name" columns are consistent
** with the SQL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CheckObjectName(
  Parse *pParse,            /* Parsing context */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the object to check */
  const char *zType,        /* Type of this object */
................................................................................
  char *zName = 0; /* The name of the new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Vdbe *v;
  int iDb;         /* Database number to create the table in */
  Token *pName;    /* Unqualified name of the table to create */

  if( db->init.busy && db->init.newTnum==1 ){
    /* Special case:  Parsing the sqlite_schema or sqlite_temp_schema schema */
    iDb = db->init.iDb;
    zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb));
    pName = pName1;
  }else{
    /* The common case */
    iDb = sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
    if( iDb<0 ) return;
................................................................................
  if( !pParse->nested && strcmp(zName, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    pTable->pSchema->pSeqTab = pTable;
  }
#endif

  /* Begin generating the code that will insert the table record into
  ** the schema table.  Note in particular that we must go ahead
  ** and allocate the record number for the table entry now.  Before any
  ** PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE keywords are parsed.  Those keywords will cause
  ** indices to be created and the table record must come before the 
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
................................................................................
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, reg3); VdbeCoverage(v);
    fileFormat = (db->flags & SQLITE_LegacyFileFmt)!=0 ?
                  1 : SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_FILE_FORMAT, fileFormat);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SetCookie, iDb, BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING, ENC(db));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);

    /* This just creates a place-holder record in the sqlite_schema table.
    ** The record created does not contain anything yet.  It will be replaced
    ** by the real entry in code generated at sqlite3EndTable().
    **
    ** The rowid for the new entry is left in register pParse->regRowid.
    ** The root page number of the new table is left in reg pParse->regRoot.
    ** The rowid and root page number values are needed by the code that
    ** sqlite3EndTable will generate.
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, reg2);
    }else
#endif
    {
      pParse->addrCrTab =
         sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_CreateBtree, iDb, reg2, BTREE_INTKEY);
    }
    sqlite3OpenSchemaTable(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, 6, reg3, 0, nullRow, P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, reg3, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }

................................................................................
** internal schema data structures and the generated VDBE code so that they
** are appropriate for a WITHOUT ROWID table instead of a rowid table.
** Changes include:
**
**     (1)  Set all columns of the PRIMARY KEY schema object to be NOT NULL.
**     (2)  Convert P3 parameter of the OP_CreateBtree from BTREE_INTKEY 
**          into BTREE_BLOBKEY.
**     (3)  Bypass the creation of the sqlite_schema table entry
**          for the PRIMARY KEY as the primary key index is now
**          identified by the sqlite_schema table entry of the table itself.
**     (4)  Set the Index.tnum of the PRIMARY KEY Index object in the
**          schema to the rootpage from the main table.
**     (5)  Add all table columns to the PRIMARY KEY Index object
**          so that the PRIMARY KEY is a covering index.  The surplus
**          columns are part of KeyInfo.nAllField and are not used for
**          sorting or lookup or uniqueness checks.
**     (6)  Replace the rowid tail on all automatically generated UNIQUE
................................................................................
    pPk->nKeyCol = j;
  }
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  pPk->isCovering = 1;
  if( !db->init.imposterTable ) pPk->uniqNotNull = 1;
  nPk = pPk->nColumn = pPk->nKeyCol;

  /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_schema
  ** table entry. This is only required if currently generating VDBE
  ** code for a CREATE TABLE (not when parsing one as part of reading
  ** a database schema).  */
  if( v && pPk->tnum>0 ){
    assert( db->init.busy==0 );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(v, pPk->tnum, OP_Goto);
  }
................................................................................
** This routine is called to report the final ")" that terminates
** a CREATE TABLE statement.
**
** The table structure that other action routines have been building
** is added to the internal hash tables, assuming no errors have
** occurred.
**
** An entry for the table is made in the schema table on disk, unless
** this is a temporary table or db->init.busy==1.  When db->init.busy==1
** it means we are reading the sqlite_schema table because we just
** connected to the database or because the sqlite_schema table has
** recently changed, so the entry for this table already exists in
** the sqlite_schema table.  We do not want to create it again.
**
** If the pSelect argument is not NULL, it means that this routine
** was called to create a table generated from a 
** "CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT ..." statement.  The column names of
** the new table will match the result set of the SELECT.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(
................................................................................
  if( p==0 ) return;

  if( pSelect==0 && sqlite3ShadowTableName(db, p->zName) ){
    p->tabFlags |= TF_Shadow;
  }

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_schema" or "sqlite_temp_schema" table on the disk.
  ** So do not write to the disk again.  Extract the root page number
  ** for the table from the db->init.newTnum field.  (The page number
  ** should have been put there by the sqliteOpenCb routine.)
  **
  ** If the root page number is 1, that means this is the sqlite_schema
  ** table itself.  So mark it read-only.
  */
  if( db->init.busy ){
    if( pSelect ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "");
      return;
    }
................................................................................
  /* Estimate the average row size for the table and for all implied indices */
  estimateTableWidth(p);
  for(pIdx=p->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    estimateIndexWidth(pIdx);
  }

  /* If not initializing, then create a record for the new table
  ** in the schema table of the database.
  **
  ** If this is a TEMPORARY table, write the entry into the auxiliary
  ** file instead of into the main database file.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    int n;
    Vdbe *v;
................................................................................
      if( pEnd2->z[0]!=';' ) n += pEnd2->n;
      zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
          "CREATE %s %.*s", zType2, n, pParse->sNameToken.z
      );
    }

    /* A slot for the record has already been allocated in the 
    ** schema table.  We just need to update that slot with all
    ** the information we've collected.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE
      " SET type='%s', name=%Q, tbl_name=%Q, rootpage=#%d, sql=%Q"
      " WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName,
      zType,
      p->zName,
      p->zName,
      pParse->regRoot,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
................................................................................
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  assert( n>0 );
  z = pBegin->z;
  while( sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the schema table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0, 0);

create_view_fail:
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  if( IN_RENAME_OBJECT ){
    sqlite3RenameExprlistUnmap(pParse, pCNames);
  }
................................................................................
    }
  }
}
#endif

/*
** Write code to erase the table with root-page iTable from database iDb.
** Also write code to modify the sqlite_schema table and internal schema
** if a root-page of another table is moved by the btree-layer whilst
** erasing iTable (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/ 
static void destroyRootPage(Parse *pParse, int iTable, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  if( iTable<2 ) sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "corrupt schema");
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Destroy, iTable, r1, iDb);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* OP_Destroy stores an in integer r1. If this integer
  ** is non-zero, then it is the root page number of a table moved to
  ** location iTable. The following code modifies the sqlite_schema table to
  ** reflect this.
  **
  ** The "#NNN" in the SQL is a special constant that means whatever value
  ** is in register NNN.  See grammar rules associated with the TK_REGISTER
  ** token for additional information.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
     "UPDATE %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE
     " SET rootpage=%d WHERE #%d AND rootpage=#%d",
     pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, iTable, r1, r1);
#endif
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
}

/*
** Write VDBE code to erase table pTab and all associated indices on disk.
** Code to update the sqlite_schema tables and internal schema definitions
** in case a root-page belonging to another table is moved by the btree layer
** is also added (this can happen with an auto-vacuum database).
*/
static void destroyTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab){
  /* If the database may be auto-vacuum capable (if SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  ** is not defined), then it is important to call OP_Destroy on the
  ** table and index root-pages in order, starting with the numerically 
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
  ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_schema and/or
  ** sqlite_temp_schema if required.
  */
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
  while( pTrigger ){
    assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
        pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
    sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
    pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
................................................................................
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zDbSName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all entries in the schema table that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the schema table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled separately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "DELETE FROM %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE
      " WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zDbSName, pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
................................................................................
  }
  if( !isView && pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "use DROP VIEW to delete view %s", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the schema table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);
................................................................................
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 
       && db->init.busy==0
       && pTblName!=0
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
       && sqlite3UserAuthTable(pTab->zName)==0
#endif



  ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be indexed", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "views may not be indexed");
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
#endif

  /*
  ** Find the name of the index.  Make sure there is not already another
  ** index or table with the same name.  
  **
  ** Exception:  If we are reading the names of permanent indices from the
  ** sqlite_schema table (because some other process changed the schema) and
  ** one of the index names collides with the name of a temporary table or
  ** index, then we will continue to process this index.
  **
  ** If pName==0 it means that we are
  ** dealing with a primary key or UNIQUE constraint.  We have to invent our
  ** own name.
  */
................................................................................
      }
      db->mDbFlags |= DBFLAG_SchemaChange;
    }

    /* If this is the initial CREATE INDEX statement (or CREATE TABLE if the
    ** index is an implied index for a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint) then
    ** emit code to allocate the index rootpage on disk and make an entry for
    ** the index in the sqlite_schema table and populate the index with
    ** content.  But, do not do this if we are simply reading the sqlite_schema
    ** table to parse the schema, or if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table.
    **
    ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as an implied PRIMARY KEY
    ** or UNIQUE index in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
    ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
    ** step can be skipped.
................................................................................
            onError==OE_None ? "" : " UNIQUE", n, pName->z);
      }else{
        /* An automatic index created by a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraint */
        /* zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(""); */
        zStmt = 0;
      }

      /* Add an entry in sqlite_schema for this index
      */
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
          "INSERT INTO %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " VALUES('index',%Q,%Q,#%d,%Q);",
          db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName,
          pIndex->zName,
          pTab->zName,
          iMem,
          zStmt
          );
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);

................................................................................
    if( !OMIT_TEMPDB && iDb ) code = SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX;
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, code, pIndex->zName, pTab->zName, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_index;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the index and from the schema table */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, pIndex->zName
    );
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "idx", pIndex->zName);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

................................................................................
/* Return true if table pTab is read-only.
**
** A table is read-only if any of the following are true:
**
**   1) It is a virtual table and no implementation of the xUpdate method
**      has been provided
**
**   2) It is a system table (i.e. sqlite_schema), this call is not
**      part of a nested parse and writable_schema pragma has not 
**      been specified
**
**   3) The table is a shadow table, the database connection is in
**      defensive mode, and the current sqlite3_prepare()
**      is for a top-level SQL statement.
*/
................................................................................
  */
  pItem = pSelect->pSrc->a;
  pSrc = sqlite3LocateTableItem(pParse, 0, pItem);
  if( pSrc==0 ){
    return 0;   /* FROM clause does not contain a real table */
  }
  if( pSrc->tnum==pDest->tnum && pSrc->pSchema==pDest->pSchema ){
    testcase( pSrc!=pDest ); /* Possible due to bad sqlite_schema.rootpage */
    return 0;   /* tab1 and tab2 may not be the same table */
  }
  if( HasRowid(pDest)!=HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    return 0;   /* source and destination must both be WITHOUT ROWID or not */
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pSrc) ){
................................................................................

#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION) */

/*
** The following object holds the list of automatically loaded
** extensions.
**
** This list is shared across threads.  The SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN
** mutex must be held while accessing this list.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3AutoExtList sqlite3AutoExtList;
static SQLITE_WSD struct sqlite3AutoExtList {
  u32 nExt;              /* Number of entries in aExt[] */          
  void (**aExt)(void);   /* Pointers to the extension init functions */
} sqlite3Autoext = { 0, 0 };
................................................................................
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }else
#endif
  {
    u32 i;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
#endif
    wsdAutoextInit;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
    for(i=0; i<wsdAutoext.nExt; i++){
      if( wsdAutoext.aExt[i]==xInit ) break;
    }
    if( i==wsdAutoext.nExt ){
................................................................................
** Return 1 if xInit was found on the list and removed.  Return 0 if xInit
** was not on the list.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(
  void (*xInit)(void)
){
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
#endif
  int i;
  int n = 0;
  wsdAutoextInit;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  for(i=(int)wsdAutoext.nExt-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( wsdAutoext.aExt[i]==xInit ){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  if( sqlite3_initialize()==SQLITE_OK )
#endif
  {
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
#endif
    wsdAutoextInit;
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
    sqlite3_free(wsdAutoext.aExt);
    wsdAutoext.aExt = 0;
    wsdAutoext.nExt = 0;
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
................................................................................
  if( wsdAutoext.nExt==0 ){
    /* Common case: early out without every having to acquire a mutex */
    return;
  }
  for(i=0; go; i++){
    char *zErrmsg;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE
    sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    const sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk = 0;
#else
    const sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk = &sqlite3Apis;
#endif
    sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
  int size;
#endif
  Db *pDb;
  char const *azArg[6];
  int meta[5];
  InitData initData;
  const char *zSchemaTabName;
  int openedTransaction = 0;
  int mask = ((db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_EncodingFixed) | ~DBFLAG_EncodingFixed);

  assert( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_SchemaKnownOk)==0 );
  assert( iDb>=0 && iDb<db->nDb );
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pSchema );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
  assert( iDb==1 || sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(db->aDb[iDb].pBt) );

  db->init.busy = 1;

  /* Construct the in-memory representation schema tables (sqlite_schema or
  ** sqlite_temp_schema) by invoking the parser directly.  The appropriate
  ** table name will be inserted automatically by the parser so we can just
  ** use the abbreviation "x" here.  The parser will also automatically tag
  ** the schema table as read-only. */
  azArg[0] = "table";
  azArg[1] = zSchemaTabName = SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb);
  azArg[2] = azArg[1];
  azArg[3] = "1";
  azArg[4] = "CREATE TABLE x(type text,name text,tbl_name text,"
                            "rootpage int,sql text)";
  azArg[5] = 0;
  initData.db = db;
  initData.iDb = iDb;
................................................................................
  /* Read the schema information out of the schema tables
  */
  assert( db->init.busy );
  {
    char *zSql;
    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT*FROM\"%w\".%s ORDER BY rowid",
        db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, zSchemaTabName);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
    {
      sqlite3_xauth xAuth;
      xAuth = db->xAuth;
      db->xAuth = 0;
#endif
      rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, sqlite3InitCallback, &initData, 0);
................................................................................
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK || (db->flags&SQLITE_NoSchemaError)){
    /* Black magic: If the SQLITE_NoSchemaError flag is set, then consider
    ** the schema loaded, even if errors occurred. In this situation the 
    ** current sqlite3_prepare() operation will fail, but the following one
    ** will attempt to compile the supplied statement against whatever subset
    ** of the schema was loaded before the error occurred. The primary
    ** purpose of this is to allow access to the sqlite_schema table
    ** even when its contents have been corrupted.
    */
    DbSetProperty(db, iDb, DB_SchemaLoaded);
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Jump here for an error that occurs after successfully allocating
................................................................................


/*
** Rerun the compilation of a statement after a schema change.
**
** If the statement is successfully recompiled, return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise,
** if the statement cannot be recompiled because another connection has
** locked the sqlite3_schema table, return SQLITE_LOCKED. If any other error
** occurs, return SQLITE_SCHEMA.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Reprepare(Vdbe *p){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *pNew;
  const char *zSql;
  sqlite3 *db;
................................................................................
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
*/
/* #include "sqliteInt.h" */















/*
** An instance of the following object is used to record information about
** how to process the DISTINCT keyword, to simplify passing that information
** into the selectInnerLoop() routine.
*/
typedef struct DistinctCtx DistinctCtx;
................................................................................
        pLimit = p->pLimit;
        p->pLimit = 0;
        uniondest.eDest = op;
        ExplainQueryPlan((pParse, 1, "%s USING TEMP B-TREE",
                          selectOpName(p->op)));
        rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
        testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );


        assert( p->pOrderBy==0 );
        pDelete = p->pPrior;
        p->pPrior = pPrior;
        p->pOrderBy = 0;
        if( p->op==TK_UNION ){
          p->nSelectRow = sqlite3LogEstAdd(p->nSelectRow, pPrior->nSelectRow);
        }
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
................................................................................
    **   SELECT a+5, b*10 FROM (SELECT x*3 AS a, y+10 AS b FROM t1) WHERE a>b;
    **   \                     \_____________ subquery __________/          /
    **    \_____________________ outer query ______________________________/
    **
    ** We look at every expression in the outer query and every place we see
    ** "a" we substitute "x*3" and every place we see "b" we substitute "y+10".
    */
    if( pSub->pOrderBy && (pParent->selFlags & SF_NoopOrderBy)==0 ){
      /* At this point, any non-zero iOrderByCol values indicate that the
      ** ORDER BY column expression is identical to the iOrderByCol'th
      ** expression returned by SELECT statement pSub. Since these values
      ** do not necessarily correspond to columns in SELECT statement pParent,
      ** zero them before transfering the ORDER BY clause.
      **
      ** Not doing this may cause an error if a subsequent call to this
................................................................................
      pSub->pOrderBy = 0;
    }
    pWhere = pSub->pWhere;
    pSub->pWhere = 0;
    if( isLeftJoin>0 ){
      sqlite3SetJoinExpr(pWhere, iNewParent);
    }
    if( pWhere ){
      if( pParent->pWhere ){
        pParent->pWhere = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);
      }else{
        pParent->pWhere = pWhere;
      }
    }
    if( db->mallocFailed==0 ){
      SubstContext x;
      x.pParse = pParse;
      x.iTable = iParent;
      x.iNewTable = iNewParent;
      x.isLeftJoin = isLeftJoin;
      x.pEList = pSub->pEList;
................................................................................
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor,          /* Cursor number of the subquery */
  int isLeftJoin        /* True if pSubq is the right term of a LEFT JOIN */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  Select *pSel;
  if( pWhere==0 ) return 0;
  if( pSubq->selFlags & SF_Recursive ) return 0;  /* restriction (2) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
  for(pSel=pSubq; pSel; pSel=pSel->pPrior){
    if( pSel->pWin ) return 0;    /* restriction (6) */
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* Only the first term of a compound can have a WITH clause.  But make
  ** sure no other terms are marked SF_Recursive in case something changes
  ** in the future.
  */
................................................................................
  Token dummy;

  if( p->pPrior==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  if( p->pOrderBy==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  for(pX=p; pX && (pX->op==TK_ALL || pX->op==TK_SELECT); pX=pX->pPrior){}
  if( pX==0 ) return WRC_Continue;
  a = p->pOrderBy->a;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
  /* If iOrderByCol is already non-zero, then it has already been matched
  ** to a result column of the SELECT statement. This occurs when the
  ** SELECT is rewritten for window-functions processing and then passed
  ** to sqlite3SelectPrep() and similar a second time. The rewriting done
  ** by this function is not required in this case. */
  if( a[0].u.x.iOrderByCol ) return WRC_Continue;
#endif
  for(i=p->pOrderBy->nExpr-1; i>=0; i--){
    if( a[i].pExpr->flags & EP_Collate ) break;
  }
  if( i<0 ) return WRC_Continue;

  /* If we reach this point, that means the transformation is required. */

................................................................................
    assert( pAggInfo->aFunc[i].iMem>=pAggInfo->mnReg
         && pAggInfo->aFunc[i].iMem<=pAggInfo->mxReg );
  }
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, pAggInfo->mnReg, pAggInfo->mxReg);
  for(pFunc=pAggInfo->aFunc, i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pFunc++){
    if( pFunc->iDistinct>=0 ){
      Expr *pE = pFunc->pFExpr;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pE, EP_xIsSelect) );
      if( pE->x.pList==0 || pE->x.pList->nExpr!=1 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "DISTINCT aggregates must have exactly one "
           "argument");
        pFunc->iDistinct = -1;
      }else{
        KeyInfo *pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoFromExprList(pParse, pE->x.pList,0,0);
................................................................................
** in the AggInfo structure.
*/
static void finalizeAggFunctions(Parse *pParse, AggInfo *pAggInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  struct AggInfo_func *pF;
  for(i=0, pF=pAggInfo->aFunc; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pF++){
    ExprList *pList = pF->pFExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pFExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AggFinal, pF->iMem, pList ? pList->nExpr : 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
  }
}


/*
................................................................................
  struct AggInfo_col *pC;

  pAggInfo->directMode = 1;
  for(i=0, pF=pAggInfo->aFunc; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pF++){
    int nArg;
    int addrNext = 0;
    int regAgg;
    ExprList *pList = pF->pFExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pFExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    assert( !IsWindowFunc(pF->pFExpr) );
    if( ExprHasProperty(pF->pFExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
      Expr *pFilter = pF->pFExpr->y.pWin->pFilter;
      if( pAggInfo->nAccumulator 
       && (pF->pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL) 
      ){
        if( regHit==0 ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
        /* If this is the first row of the group (regAcc==0), clear the
        ** "magnet" register regHit so that the accumulator registers
        ** are populated if the FILTER clause jumps over the the 
................................................................................
  if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ){
    regHit = regAcc;
  }
  if( regHit ){
    addrHitTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, regHit); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  for(i=0, pC=pAggInfo->aCol; i<pAggInfo->nAccumulator; i++, pC++){
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pC->pCExpr, pC->iMem);
  }

  pAggInfo->directMode = 0;
  if( addrHitTest ){
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHereOrPopInst(v, addrHitTest);
  }
}
................................................................................
           pDest->eDest==SRT_Queue  || pDest->eDest==SRT_DistFifo ||
           pDest->eDest==SRT_DistQueue || pDest->eDest==SRT_Fifo);
    /* If ORDER BY makes no difference in the output then neither does
    ** DISTINCT so it can be removed too. */
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
    p->pOrderBy = 0;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    p->selFlags |= SF_NoopOrderBy;
  }
  sqlite3SelectPrep(pParse, p, 0);
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
    goto select_end;
  }
  assert( p->pEList!=0 );
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
................................................................................
#endif
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC */
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  isAgg = (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0;
  memset(&sSort, 0, sizeof(sSort));
  sSort.pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;

  /* Try to do various optimizations (flattening subqueries, and strength
  ** reduction of join operators) in the FROM clause up into the main query
  */
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
  for(i=0; !p->pPrior && i<pTabList->nSrc; i++){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[i];
    Select *pSub = pItem->pSelect;
    Table *pTab = pItem->pTab;

    /* The expander should have already created transient Table objects
    ** even for FROM clause elements such as subqueries that do not correspond
    ** to a real table */
    assert( pTab!=0 );

    /* Convert LEFT JOIN into JOIN if there are terms of the right table
    ** of the LEFT JOIN used in the WHERE clause.
    */
    if( (pItem->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0
     && sqlite3ExprImpliesNonNullRow(p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_SimplifyJoin)
................................................................................
  }

  if( !isAgg && pGroupBy==0 ){
    /* No aggregate functions and no GROUP BY clause */
    u16 wctrlFlags = (sDistinct.isTnct ? WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT : 0)
                   | (p->selFlags & SF_FixedLimit);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
    Window *pWin = p->pWin;      /* Main window object (or NULL) */
    if( pWin ){
      sqlite3WindowCodeInit(pParse, p);
    }
#endif
    assert( WHERE_USE_LIMIT==SF_FixedLimit );


................................................................................
    */
    pAggInfo = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(*pAggInfo) );
    if( pAggInfo==0 ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pAggInfo->pNext = pParse->pAggList;
    pParse->pAggList = pAggInfo;
    pAggInfo->selId = p->selId;
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
    sNC.uNC.pAggInfo = pAggInfo;
    VVA_ONLY( sNC.ncFlags = NC_UAggInfo; )
    pAggInfo->mnReg = pParse->nMem+1;
    pAggInfo->nSortingColumn = pGroupBy ? pGroupBy->nExpr : 0;
................................................................................
        havingToWhere(pParse, p);
        pWhere = p->pWhere;
      }
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pHaving);
    }
    pAggInfo->nAccumulator = pAggInfo->nColumn;
    if( p->pGroupBy==0 && p->pHaving==0 && pAggInfo->nFunc==1 ){
      minMaxFlag = minMaxQuery(db, pAggInfo->aFunc[0].pFExpr, &pMinMaxOrderBy);
    }else{
      minMaxFlag = WHERE_ORDERBY_NORMAL;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++){
      Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pFExpr;
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      sNC.ncFlags |= NC_InAggFunc;
      sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(&sNC, pExpr->x.pList);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
      assert( !IsWindowFunc(pExpr) );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
        sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(&sNC, pExpr->y.pWin->pFilter);
................................................................................
    if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x400 ){
      int ii;
      SELECTTRACE(0x400,pParse,p,("After aggregate analysis %p:\n", pAggInfo));
      sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      for(ii=0; ii<pAggInfo->nColumn; ii++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("agg-column[%d] iMem=%d\n",
            ii, pAggInfo->aCol[ii].iMem);
        sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pAggInfo->aCol[ii].pCExpr, 0);
      }
      for(ii=0; ii<pAggInfo->nFunc; ii++){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("agg-func[%d]: iMem=%d\n",
            ii, pAggInfo->aFunc[ii].iMem);
        sqlite3TreeViewExpr(0, pAggInfo->aFunc[ii].pFExpr, 0);
      }
    }
#endif


    /* Processing for aggregates with GROUP BY is very different and
    ** much more complex than aggregates without a GROUP BY.
................................................................................
        ** that the accumulator registers are (a) updated only once if
        ** there are no min() or max functions or (b) always updated for the
        ** first row visited by the aggregate, so that they are updated at
        ** least once even if the FILTER clause means the min() or max() 
        ** function visits zero rows.  */
        if( pAggInfo->nAccumulator ){
          for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++){
            if( ExprHasProperty(pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pFExpr, EP_WinFunc) ){
              continue;
            }
            if( pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pFunc->funcFlags&SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
              break;
            }
          }
          if( i==pAggInfo->nFunc ){
................................................................................

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pMinMaxOrderBy);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pAggInfo && !db->mallocFailed ){
    for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nColumn; i++){
      Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aCol[i].pCExpr;
      assert( pExpr!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
      if( pExpr==0 ) continue;
      assert( pExpr->pAggInfo==pAggInfo );
      assert( pExpr->iAgg==i );
    }
    for(i=0; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++){
      Expr *pExpr = pAggInfo->aFunc[i].pFExpr;
      assert( pExpr!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
      if( pExpr==0 ) continue;
      assert( pExpr->pAggInfo==pAggInfo );
      assert( pExpr->iAgg==i );
    }
  }
#endif
................................................................................

  /* A long-standing parser bug is that this syntax was allowed:
  **
  **    CREATE TRIGGER attached.demo AFTER INSERT ON attached.tab ....
  **                                                 ^^^^^^^^
  **
  ** To maintain backwards compatibility, ignore the database
  ** name on pTableName if we are reparsing out of the schema table
  */
  if( db->init.busy && iDb!=1 ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTableName->a[0].zDatabase);
    pTableName->a[0].zDatabase = 0;
  }

  /* If the trigger name was unqualified, and the table is a temp table,
................................................................................
    assert( !db->init.busy );
    pParse->pNewTrigger = pTrig;
    pTrig = 0;
  }else
#endif

  /* if we are not initializing,
  ** build the sqlite_schema entry
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    Vdbe *v;
    char *z;

    /* Make an entry in the sqlite_schema table */
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto triggerfinish_cleanup;
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
    z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(db, (char*)pAll->z, pAll->n);
    testcase( z==0 );
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "INSERT INTO %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE
       " VALUES('trigger',%Q,%Q,0,'CREATE TRIGGER %q')",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, zName,
       pTrig->table, z);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, z);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(v, iDb,
        sqlite3MPrintf(db, "type='trigger' AND name='%q'", zName));
  }

................................................................................
  }
#endif

  /* Generate code to destroy the database record of the trigger.
  */
  if( (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " WHERE name=%Q AND type='trigger'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName, pTrigger->zName
    );
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTrigger, iDb, 0, 0, pTrigger->zName, 0);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
** If the former, then all row-records are guaranteed to include a value
** for the column and the P4 value is not required.
**
** Column definitions created by an ALTER TABLE command may only have 
** literal default values specified: a number, null or a string. (If a more
** complicated default expression value was provided, it is evaluated 
** when the ALTER TABLE is executed and one of the literal values written
** into the sqlite_schema table.)
**
** Therefore, the P4 parameter is only required if the default value for
** the column is a literal number, string or null. The sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
** function is capable of transforming these types of expressions into
** sqlite3_value objects.
**
** If column as REAL affinity and the table is an ordinary b-tree table
................................................................................
  rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  while( SQLITE_ROW==(rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt)) ){
    const char *zSubSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,0);
    assert( sqlite3_strnicmp(zSql,"SELECT",6)==0 );
    /* The secondary SQL must be one of CREATE TABLE, CREATE INDEX,
    ** or INSERT.  Historically there have been attacks that first
    ** corrupt the sqlite_schema.sql field with other kinds of statements
    ** then run VACUUM to get those statements to execute at inappropriate
    ** times. */
    if( zSubSql
     && (strncmp(zSubSql,"CRE",3)==0 || strncmp(zSubSql,"INS",3)==0)
    ){
      rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, zSubSql);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Query the schema of the main database. Create a mirror schema
  ** in the temporary database.
  */
  db->init.iDb = nDb; /* force new CREATE statements into vacuum_db */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_schema"
      " WHERE type='table'AND name<>'sqlite_sequence'"
      " AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT sql FROM \"%w\".sqlite_schema"
      " WHERE type='index'",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  db->init.iDb = 0;

  /* Loop through the tables in the main database. For each, do
  ** an "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.xxx SELECT * FROM main.xxx;" to copy
  ** the contents to the temporary database.
  */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "SELECT'INSERT INTO vacuum_db.'||quote(name)"
      "||' SELECT*FROM\"%w\".'||quote(name)"
      "FROM vacuum_db.sqlite_schema "
      "WHERE type='table'AND coalesce(rootpage,1)>0",
      zDbMain
  );
  assert( (db->mDbFlags & DBFLAG_Vacuum)!=0 );
  db->mDbFlags &= ~DBFLAG_Vacuum;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Copy the triggers, views, and virtual tables from the main database
  ** over to the temporary database.  None of these objects has any
  ** associated storage, so all we have to do is copy their entries
  ** from the schema table.
  */
  rc = execSqlF(db, pzErrMsg,
      "INSERT INTO vacuum_db.sqlite_schema"
      " SELECT*FROM \"%w\".sqlite_schema"
      " WHERE type IN('view','trigger')"
      " OR(type='table'AND rootpage=0)",
      zDbMain
  );
  if( rc ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* At this point, there is a write transaction open on both the 
................................................................................
  pParse->sNameToken.n = (int)(
      &pModuleName->z[pModuleName->n] - pParse->sNameToken.z
  );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  /* Creating a virtual table invokes the authorization callback twice.
  ** The first invocation, to obtain permission to INSERT a row into the
  ** sqlite_schema table, has already been made by sqlite3StartTable().
  ** The second call, to obtain permission to create the table, is made now.
  */
  if( pTable->azModuleArg ){
    int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTable->pSchema);
    assert( iDb>=0 ); /* The database the table is being created in */
    sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE, pTable->zName, 
            pTable->azModuleArg[0], pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName);
................................................................................
  if( pTab==0 ) return;
  addArgumentToVtab(pParse);
  pParse->sArg.z = 0;
  if( pTab->nModuleArg<1 ) return;
  
  /* If the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement is being entered for the
  ** first time (in other words if the virtual table is actually being
  ** created now instead of just being read out of sqlite_schema) then
  ** do additional initialization work and store the statement text
  ** in the sqlite_schema table.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    char *zStmt;
    char *zWhere;
    int iDb;
    int iReg;
    Vdbe *v;
................................................................................
    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statement */
    if( pEnd ){
      pParse->sNameToken.n = (int)(pEnd->z - pParse->sNameToken.z) + pEnd->n;
    }
    zStmt = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE %T", &pParse->sNameToken);

    /* A slot for the record has already been allocated in the 
    ** schema table.  We just need to update that slot with all
    ** the information we've collected.  
    **
    ** The VM register number pParse->regRowid holds the rowid of an
    ** entry in the sqlite_schema table tht was created for this vtab
    ** by sqlite3StartTable().
    */
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "UPDATE %Q." DFLT_SCHEMA_TABLE " "
         "SET type='table', name=%Q, tbl_name=%Q, rootpage=0, sql=%Q "
       "WHERE rowid=#%d",
      db->aDb[iDb].zDbSName,
      pTab->zName,
      pTab->zName,
      zStmt,
      pParse->regRowid
    );
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zStmt);

    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, iReg, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_VCreate, iDb, iReg);
  }

  /* If we are rereading the sqlite_schema table create the in-memory
  ** record of the table. The xConnect() method is not called until
  ** the first time the virtual table is used in an SQL statement. This
  ** allows a schema that contains virtual tables to be loaded before
  ** the required virtual table implementations are registered.  */
  else {
    Table *pOld;
    Schema *pSchema = pTab->pSchema;
................................................................................
    SrcList *pSrc = p->pSrc;
    Expr *pWhere = p->pWhere;
    ExprList *pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    Expr *pHaving = p->pHaving;
    ExprList *pSort = 0;

    ExprList *pSublist = 0;       /* Expression list for sub-query */
    Window *pMWin = p->pWin;      /* Main window object */
    Window *pWin;                 /* Window object iterator */
    Table *pTab;
    Walker w;

    u32 selFlags = p->selFlags;

    pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
................................................................................
        sqlite3Expr(db, TK_INTEGER, "0")
      );
    }

    pSub = sqlite3SelectNew(
        pParse, pSublist, pSrc, pWhere, pGroupBy, pHaving, pSort, 0, 0
    );
    SELECTTRACE(1,pParse,pSub,
       ("New window-function subquery in FROM clause of (%u/%p)\n",
       p->selId, p));
    p->pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse, 0, 0, 0);
    if( p->pSrc ){
      Table *pTab2;
      p->pSrc->a[0].pSelect = pSub;
      sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, p->pSrc);
      pSub->selFlags |= SF_Expanded;
      pTab2 = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSub, SQLITE_AFF_NONE);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IcuInit(sqlite3 *db);

#if 0
}  /* extern "C" */
#endif  /* __cplusplus */


/************** End of sqliteicu.h *******************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in main.c ***********************/
#endif

/*
** This is an extension initializer that is a no-op and always
** succeeds, except that it fails if the fault-simulation is set
................................................................................
**    *  Calls to this routine from Y must block until the outer-most
**       call by X completes.
**
**    *  Recursive calls to this routine from thread X return immediately
**       without blocking.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void){
  MUTEX_LOGIC( sqlite3_mutex *pMainMtx; )      /* The main static mutex */
  int rc;                                      /* Result code */
#ifdef SQLITE_EXTRA_INIT
  int bRunExtraInit = 0;                       /* Extra initialization needed */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
  rc = sqlite3_wsd_init(4096, 24);
................................................................................
  ** The mutex subsystem must take care of serializing its own
  ** initialization.
  */
  rc = sqlite3MutexInit();
  if( rc ) return rc;

  /* Initialize the malloc() system and the recursive pInitMutex mutex.
  ** This operation is protected by the STATIC_MAIN mutex.  Note that
  ** MutexAlloc() is called for a static mutex prior to initializing the
  ** malloc subsystem - this implies that the allocation of a static
  ** mutex must not require support from the malloc subsystem.
  */
  MUTEX_LOGIC( pMainMtx = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN); )
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMainMtx);
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMutexInit = 1;
  if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit ){
    rc = sqlite3MallocInit();
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.isMallocInit = 1;
    if( !sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex ){
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      }
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex++;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMainMtx);

  /* If rc is not SQLITE_OK at this point, then either the malloc
  ** subsystem could not be initialized or the system failed to allocate
  ** the pInitMutex mutex. Return an error in either case.  */
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
................................................................................
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.inProgress = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex);

  /* Go back under the static mutex and clean up the recursive
  ** mutex to prevent a resource leak.
  */
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pMainMtx);
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex--;
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex<=0 ){
    assert( sqlite3GlobalConfig.nRefInitMutex==0 );
    sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex);
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pInitMutex = 0;
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(pMainMtx);

  /* The following is just a sanity check to make sure SQLite has
  ** been compiled correctly.  It is important to run this code, but
  ** we don't want to run it too often and soak up CPU cycles for no
  ** reason.  So we run it once during initialization.
  */
#ifndef NDEBUG
................................................................................
               SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE |
               SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB |
               SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL | 
               SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL |
               SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX |
               SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX |
               SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
             );

  /* Allocate the sqlite data structure */
  db = sqlite3MallocZero( sizeof(sqlite3) );
................................................................................
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.neverCorrupt = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXTRA_SCHEMA_CHECKS, int);
    **
    ** Set or clear a flag that causes SQLite to verify that type, name,
    ** and tbl_name fields of the sqlite_schema table.  This is normally
    ** on, but it is sometimes useful to turn it off for testing.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXTRA_SCHEMA_CHECKS: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bExtraSchemaChecks = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

................................................................................
**   sqlite3ConnectionBlocked()
**   sqlite3ConnectionUnlocked()
**   sqlite3ConnectionClosed()
**   sqlite3_unlock_notify()
*/

#define assertMutexHeld() \
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN)) )

/*
** Head of a linked list of all sqlite3 objects created by this process
** for which either sqlite3.pBlockingConnection or sqlite3.pUnlockConnection
** is not NULL. This variable may only accessed while the STATIC_MAIN
** mutex is held.
*/
static sqlite3 *SQLITE_WSD sqlite3BlockedList = 0;

#ifndef NDEBUG
/*
** This function is a complex assert() that verifies the following 
................................................................................
    pp=&(*pp)->pNextBlocked
  );
  db->pNextBlocked = *pp;
  *pp = db;
}

/*
** Obtain the STATIC_MAIN mutex.
*/
static void enterMutex(void){
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN));
  checkListProperties(0);
}

/*
** Release the STATIC_MAIN mutex.
*/
static void leaveMutex(void){
  assertMutexHeld();
  checkListProperties(0);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN));
}

/*
** Register an unlock-notify callback.
**
** This is called after connection "db" has attempted some operation
** but has received an SQLITE_LOCKED error because another connection
................................................................................
  int nArg = 0;                            /* Number of entries in aArg[] */
  sqlite3 **pp;                            /* Iterator variable */
  void **aArg;               /* Arguments to the unlock callback */
  void **aDyn = 0;           /* Dynamically allocated space for aArg[] */
  void *aStatic[16];         /* Starter space for aArg[].  No malloc required */

  aArg = aStatic;
  enterMutex();         /* Enter STATIC_MAIN mutex */

  /* This loop runs once for each entry in the blocked-connections list. */
  for(pp=&sqlite3BlockedList; *pp; /* no-op */ ){
    sqlite3 *p = *pp;

    /* Step 1. */
    if( p->pBlockingConnection==db ){
................................................................................
    }
  }

  if( nArg!=0 ){
    xUnlockNotify(aArg, nArg);
  }
  sqlite3_free(aDyn);
  leaveMutex();         /* Leave STATIC_MAIN mutex */
}

/*
** This is called when the database connection passed as an argument is 
** being closed. The connection is removed from the blocked list.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ConnectionClosed(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
      ** POS_END (0) or POS_COLUMN (1). The following block merges the two lists
      ** and writes the results to buffer p. p is left pointing to the byte
      ** after the list written. No terminator (POS_END or POS_COLUMN) is
      ** written to the output.
      */
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p1, &i1);
      fts3GetDeltaVarint(&p2, &i2);
      if( i1<2 || i2<2 ){
        break;
      }
      do {
        fts3PutDeltaVarint(&p, &iPrev, (i1<i2) ? i1 : i2); 
        iPrev -= 2;
        if( i1==i2 ){
          fts3ReadNextPos(&p1, &i1);
          fts3ReadNextPos(&p2, &i2);
        }else if( i1<i2 ){
................................................................................
  char *p2 = *pp2;
  int iCol1 = 0;
  int iCol2 = 0;

  /* Never set both isSaveLeft and isExact for the same invocation. */
  assert( isSaveLeft==0 || isExact==0 );

  assert_fts3_nc( p!=0 && *p1!=0 && *p2!=0 );
  if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p1++;
    p1 += fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
  }
  if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p2++;
    p2 += fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 *piDocid,         /* IN/OUT: Docid pointer */
  u8 *pbEof                       /* OUT: End-of-file flag */
){
  char *p = *ppIter;

  assert( nDoclist>0 );
  assert( *pbEof==0 );
  assert_fts3_nc( p || *piDocid==0 );
  assert( !p || (p>=aDoclist && p<=&aDoclist[nDoclist]) );

  if( p==0 ){
    p = aDoclist;
    p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, piDocid);
  }else{
    fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p);
................................................................................
** the phrase object passed as the fifth argument according to a NEAR
** condition. For example:
**
**     abc NEAR/5 "def ghi"
**
** Parameter nNear is passed the NEAR distance of the expression (5 in
** the example above). When this function is called, *paPoslist points to
** the position list, and *pnToken is the number of phrase tokens in the
** phrase on the other side of the NEAR operator to pPhrase. For example,
** if pPhrase refers to the "def ghi" phrase, then *paPoslist points to
** the position list associated with phrase "abc".
**
** All positions in the pPhrase position list that are not sufficiently
** close to a position in the *paPoslist position list are removed. If this
** leaves 0 positions, zero is returned. Otherwise, non-zero.
................................................................................
          }
          *pRc = fts3EvalDeferredPhrase(pCsr, pPhrase);
          bHit = (pPhrase->doclist.pList!=0);
          pExpr->iDocid = pCsr->iPrevId;
        }else
#endif
        {
          bHit = ( 
              pExpr->bEof==0 && pExpr->iDocid==pCsr->iPrevId
           && pExpr->pPhrase->doclist.nList>0
          );
        }
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return bHit;
}
................................................................................
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(p);
      aCoord[0].f = mnX;
      aCoord[1].f = mxX;
      aCoord[2].f = mnY;
      aCoord[3].f = mxY;
    }
  }else{
    memset(aCoord, 0, sizeof(RtreeCoord)*4);
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** Implementation of the geopoly_bbox(X) SQL function.
*/
................................................................................
static int rbuObjIterFirst(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  int rc;
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(RbuObjIter));

  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf(
      "SELECT rbu_target_name(name, type='view') AS target, name "
      "FROM sqlite_schema "
      "WHERE type IN ('table', 'view') AND target IS NOT NULL "
      " %s "
      "ORDER BY name"
  , rbuIsVacuum(p) ? "AND rootpage!=0 AND rootpage IS NOT NULL" : ""));

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pIdxIter, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql IS NULL OR substr(8, 6)=='UNIQUE' "
        "  FROM main.sqlite_schema "
        "  WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = ?"
    );
  }

  pIter->bCleanup = 1;
  p->rc = rc;
  return rbuObjIterNext(p, pIter);
................................................................................
**   (i.e. unless *peType is set to 3), then *piPk is set to zero. Or,
**   if the table does have an external primary key index, then *piPk
**   is set to the root page number of the primary key index before
**   returning.
**
** ALGORITHM:
**
**   if( no entry exists in sqlite_schema ){
**     return RBU_PK_NOTABLE
**   }else if( sql for the entry starts with "CREATE VIRTUAL" ){
**     return RBU_PK_VTAB
**   }else if( "PRAGMA index_list()" for the table contains a "pk" index ){
**     if( the index that is the pk exists in sqlite_schema ){
**       *piPK = rootpage of that index.
**       return RBU_PK_EXTERNAL
**     }else{
**       return RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID
**     }
**   }else if( "PRAGMA table_info()" lists one or more "pk" columns ){
**     return RBU_PK_IPK
................................................................................
  sqlite3rbu *p,
  const char *zTab,
  int *peType,
  int *piTnum,
  int *piPk
){
  /*
  ** 0) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_schema where name=%Q AND IsVirtual(%Q)
  ** 1) PRAGMA index_list = ?
  ** 2) SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_schema where name=%Q 
  ** 3) PRAGMA table_info = ?
  */
  sqlite3_stmt *aStmt[4] = {0, 0, 0, 0};

  *peType = RBU_PK_NOTABLE;
  *piPk = 0;

  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK );
  p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[0], &p->zErrmsg, 
    sqlite3_mprintf(
          "SELECT (sql LIKE 'create virtual%%'), rootpage"
          "  FROM sqlite_schema"
          " WHERE name=%Q", zTab
  ));
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK || sqlite3_step(aStmt[0])!=SQLITE_ROW ){
    /* Either an error, or no such table. */
    goto rbuTableType_end;
  }
  if( sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[0], 0) ){
................................................................................
  if( p->rc ) goto rbuTableType_end;
  while( sqlite3_step(aStmt[1])==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const u8 *zOrig = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 3);
    const u8 *zIdx = sqlite3_column_text(aStmt[1], 1);
    if( zOrig && zIdx && zOrig[0]=='p' ){
      p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &aStmt[2], &p->zErrmsg, 
          sqlite3_mprintf(
            "SELECT rootpage FROM sqlite_schema WHERE name = %Q", zIdx
      ));
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( sqlite3_step(aStmt[2])==SQLITE_ROW ){
          *piPk = sqlite3_column_int(aStmt[2], 0);
          *peType = RBU_PK_EXTERNAL;
        }else{
          *peType = RBU_PK_WITHOUT_ROWID;
................................................................................
    char *zCols = 0;              /* Used to build up list of table cols */
    char *zPk = 0;                /* Used to build up table PK declaration */

    /* Figure out the name of the primary key index for the current table.
    ** This is needed for the argument to "PRAGMA index_xinfo". Set
    ** zIdx to point to a nul-terminated string containing this name. */
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pQuery, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_schema WHERE rootpage = ?"
    );
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_bind_int(pQuery, 1, tnum);
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pQuery) ){
        zIdx = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pQuery, 0);
      }
    }
................................................................................
  int rc = p->rc;
  char *zRet = 0;

  assert( pIter->zIdxSql==0 && pIter->nIdxCol==0 && pIter->aIdxCol==0 );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT trim(sql) FROM sqlite_schema WHERE type='index' AND name=?"
    );
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int rc2;
    rc = sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, pIter->zIdx, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      char *zSql = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
................................................................................
#if 0
  if( rbuIsVacuum(p) ){
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int rc2;
      int bOk = 0;
      sqlite3_stmt *pCnt = 0;
      p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pCnt, &p->zErrmsg,
          "SELECT count(*) FROM stat.sqlite_schema"
      );
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK 
       && sqlite3_step(pCnt)==SQLITE_ROW
       && 1==sqlite3_column_int(pCnt, 0)
      ){
        bOk = 1;
      }
................................................................................
        "rbu_target_name", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuTargetNameFunc, 0, 0
    );
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }
  rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_schema");

  /* Mark the database file just opened as an RBU target database. If 
  ** this call returns SQLITE_NOTFOUND, then the RBU vfs is not in use.
  ** This is an error.  */
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }
................................................................................

  /* If pState is NULL, then the wal file may not have been opened and
  ** recovered. Running a read-statement here to ensure that doing so
  ** does not interfere with the "capture" process below.  */
  if( pState==0 ){
    p->eStage = 0;
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_schema", 0, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Assuming no error has occurred, run a "restart" checkpoint with the
  ** sqlite3rbu.eStage variable set to CAPTURE. This turns on the following
  ** special behaviour in the rbu VFS:
  **
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pSql = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert = 0;

  assert( rbuIsVacuum(p) );
  p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "PRAGMA writable_schema=1", 0,0, &p->zErrmsg);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pSql, &p->zErrmsg, 
      "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_schema WHERE sql!='' AND rootpage!=0"
      " AND name!='sqlite_sequence' "
      " ORDER BY type DESC"
    );
  }

  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pSql)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    const char *zSql = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 0);
................................................................................
    p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, zSql, 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
  }
  rbuFinalize(p, pSql);
  if( p->rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pSql, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "SELECT * FROM sqlite_schema WHERE rootpage=0 OR rootpage IS NULL" 
    );
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pInsert, &p->zErrmsg, 
        "INSERT INTO sqlite_schema VALUES(?,?,?,?,?)"
    );
  }

  while( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3_step(pSql)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<5; i++){
      sqlite3_bind_value(pInsert, i+1, sqlite3_column_value(pSql, i));
................................................................................
  char *zErrmsg = 0;
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *db = (rbuIsVacuum(p) ? p->dbRbu : p->dbMain);

  assert( nVal==1 );
  
  rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(db, &pStmt, &zErrmsg, 
      sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT count(*) FROM sqlite_schema "
        "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = %Q", sqlite3_value_text(apVal[0]))
  );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zErrmsg, -1);
  }else{
    int nIndex = 0;
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
................................................................................
        "rbu_index_cnt", 1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuIndexCntFunc, 0, 0
    );
  
    /* Check for the rbu_count table. If it does not exist, or if an error
    ** occurs, nPhaseOneStep will be left set to -1. */
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg,
          "SELECT 1 FROM sqlite_schema WHERE tbl_name = 'rbu_count'"
      );
    }
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
        bExists = 1;
      }
      p->rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
................................................................................
    pCsr->isAgg = sqlite3_value_double(argv[iArg++])!=0.0;
  }else{
    pCsr->isAgg = 0;
  }
  pSql = sqlite3_str_new(pTab->db);
  sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql,
      "SELECT * FROM ("
        "SELECT 'sqlite_schema' AS name,1 AS rootpage,'table' AS type"
        " UNION ALL "
        "SELECT name,rootpage,type"
        " FROM \"%w\".sqlite_schema WHERE rootpage!=0)",
      pTab->db->aDb[pCsr->iDb].zDbSName);
  if( zName ){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, "WHERE name=%Q", zName);
  }
  if( idxNum & 0x08 ){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, " ORDER BY name");
  }
................................................................................
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* INSERT statement */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* SELECT statement */
  int nCol;                       /* Size of azCol[] and abPK[] arrays */
  const char **azCol;             /* Array of column names */
  u8 *abPK;                       /* Boolean array - true if column is in PK */
  int bStat1;                     /* True if table is sqlite_stat1 */
  int bDeferConstraints;          /* True to defer constraints */
  int bInvertConstraints;         /* Invert when iterating constraints buffer */
  SessionBuffer constraints;      /* Deferred constraints are stored here */
  SessionBuffer rebase;           /* Rebase information (if any) here */
  u8 bRebaseStarted;              /* If table header is already in rebase */
  u8 bRebase;                     /* True to collect rebase information */
};

/*
................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  while( pApply->constraints.nBuf ){
    sqlite3_changeset_iter *pIter2 = 0;
    SessionBuffer cons = pApply->constraints;
    memset(&pApply->constraints, 0, sizeof(SessionBuffer));

    rc = sessionChangesetStart(
        &pIter2, 0, 0, cons.nBuf, cons.aBuf, pApply->bInvertConstraints
    );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      size_t nByte = 2*pApply->nCol*sizeof(sqlite3_value*);
      int rc2;
      pIter2->bPatchset = bPatchset;
      pIter2->zTab = (char*)zTab;
      pIter2->nCol = pApply->nCol;
      pIter2->abPK = pApply->abPK;
................................................................................
  int bPatchset;

  assert( xConflict!=0 );

  pIter->in.bNoDiscard = 1;
  memset(&sApply, 0, sizeof(sApply));
  sApply.bRebase = (ppRebase && pnRebase);
  sApply.bInvertConstraints = !!(flags & SQLITE_CHANGESETAPPLY_INVERT);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_db_mutex(db));
  if( (flags & SQLITE_CHANGESETAPPLY_NOSAVEPOINT)==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, "SAVEPOINT changeset_apply", 0, 0, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, "PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1", 0, 0, 0);
  }
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2020-06-19 15:24:12 7a876209a678a34c198b54ceef9e3c041f128a14dc73357f6a57cadadaa6cf7b", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

/*
** Return true if zName is the extension on one of the shadow tables used
** by this module.
*/
static int fts5ShadowName(const char *zName){
................................................................................
#endif
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB) */

/************** End of stmt.c ************************************************/
#if __LINE__!=229870
#undef SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2020-06-19 15:24:12 7a876209a678a34c198b54ceef9e3c041f128a14dc73357f6a57cadadaa6alt2"
#endif
/* Return the source-id for this library */
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }
/************************** End of sqlite3.c ******************************/

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.33.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3033000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2020-06-08 11:34:40 6e6b3729e0549de028f6c5bf494b2d69d621c81b61a1dc0a329d3950039342fb"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY           0x00000080  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB          0x00000100  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB          0x00000200  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB     0x00000400  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL     0x00000800  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL     0x00001000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL       0x00002000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL   0x00004000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX          0x00008000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX        0x00010000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE      0x00020000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE     0x00040000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_WAL              0x00080000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOFOLLOW         0x01000000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */

/* Reserved:                         0x00F00000 */




/*
** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics
**
** The xDeviceCharacteristics method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** object returns an integer which is a vector of these
** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
................................................................................
** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked 
** because the user has configured SQLite with 
** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place 
** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
** string containing the transactions master-journal file name. VFSes that 
** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications 
** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may 
** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.  
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
................................................................................
** <ul>
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_WAL]
** </ul>)^
**
** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
** change the way it deals with files.  For example, an application
** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
** the open of a journal file a no-op.  Writes to this journal would
................................................................................
** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  For example,
** it might allocate any required mutexes or initialize internal data
** structures.  The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
** by xInit.  The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
** xInit and xShutdown.
**
** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER] mutex when it invokes
** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe.  The
** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
** not need to be threadsafe either.  For all other methods, SQLite
** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
................................................................................
** default value of this setting is determined by the [-DSQLITE_DQS]
** compile-time option.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA]]
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA</td>
** <dd>The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option tells SQLite to
** assume that database schemas (the contents of the [sqlite_master] tables)
** are untainted by malicious content.
** When the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option is disabled, SQLite
** takes additional defensive steps to protect the application from harm
** including:
** <ul>
** <li> Prohibit the use of SQL functions inside triggers, views,
** CHECK constraints, DEFAULT clauses, expression indexes, 
** partial indexes, or generated columns
................................................................................
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
................................................................................
** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
** integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
**
** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
** next.  Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_randomness() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2     12  /* For use by extension VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3     13  /* For use by application VFS */





/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
................................................................................
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
** system tables like sqlite_master or sqlite_stat1.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the







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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.33.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3033000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2020-06-19 15:24:12 7a876209a678a34c198b54ceef9e3c041f128a14dc73357f6a57cadadaa6cf7b"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY           0x00000080  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB          0x00000100  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB          0x00000200  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB     0x00000400  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL     0x00000800  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL     0x00001000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL       0x00002000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL    0x00004000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX          0x00008000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX        0x00010000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE      0x00020000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE     0x00040000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_WAL              0x00080000  /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOFOLLOW         0x01000000  /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */

/* Reserved:                         0x00F00000 */
/* Legacy compatibility: */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL   0x00004000  /* VFS only */


/*
** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics
**
** The xDeviceCharacteristics method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** object returns an integer which is a vector of these
** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
................................................................................
** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked 
** because the user has configured SQLite with 
** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place 
** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
** string containing the transactions super-journal file name. VFSes that 
** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications 
** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may 
** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.  
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
................................................................................
** <ul>
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_SUPER_JOURNAL]
** <li>  [SQLITE_OPEN_WAL]
** </ul>)^
**
** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
** change the way it deals with files.  For example, an application
** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
** the open of a journal file a no-op.  Writes to this journal would
................................................................................
** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator.  For example,
** it might allocate any required mutexes or initialize internal data
** structures.  The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
** by xInit.  The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
** xInit and xShutdown.
**
** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN] mutex when it invokes
** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe.  The
** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
** not need to be threadsafe either.  For all other methods, SQLite
** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
................................................................................
** default value of this setting is determined by the [-DSQLITE_DQS]
** compile-time option.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA]]
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA</td>
** <dd>The SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option tells SQLite to

** assume that database schemas are untainted by malicious content.
** When the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_TRUSTED_SCHEMA option is disabled, SQLite
** takes additional defensive steps to protect the application from harm
** including:
** <ul>
** <li> Prohibit the use of SQL functions inside triggers, views,
** CHECK constraints, DEFAULT clauses, expression indexes, 
** partial indexes, or generated columns
................................................................................
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when conflicting rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause.  ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
................................................................................
** routine returns NULL if it is unable to allocate the requested
** mutex.  The argument to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() must one of these
** integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li>  SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
................................................................................
**
** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
** next.  Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST             0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE        1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MAIN      2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM       3  /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2      4  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN      4  /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG      5  /* sqlite3_randomness() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU       6  /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2      7  /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM      7  /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1      8  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2      9  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3     10  /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS1     11  /* For use by built-in VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS2     12  /* For use by extension VFS */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_VFS3     13  /* For use by application VFS */

/* Legacy compatibility: */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER    2


/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that 
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
................................................................................
** ^The preupdate hook is disabled by invoking [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()]
** with a NULL pointer as the second parameter.
** ^The third parameter to [sqlite3_preupdate_hook()] is passed through as
** the first parameter to callbacks.
**
** ^The preupdate hook only fires for changes to real database tables; the
** preupdate hook is not invoked for changes to [virtual tables] or to
** system tables like sqlite_sequence or sqlite_stat1.
**
** ^The second parameter to the preupdate callback is a pointer to
** the [database connection] that registered the preupdate hook.
** ^The third parameter to the preupdate callback is one of the constants
** [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE], or [SQLITE_UPDATE] to identify the
** kind of update operation that is about to occur.
** ^(The fourth parameter to the preupdate callback is the name of the